How to format your references using the Planetary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webster M (2007) A Cambrian peak in morphological variation within trilobite species. Science 317:499–502
A journal article with 2 authors
Call J, Carpenter M (2009) Behavior. Monkeys like mimics. Science 325:824–825
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyamoto K, Miyake S, Yamamura T (2001) A synthetic glycolipid prevents autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inducing TH2 bias of natural killer T cells. Nature 413:531–534
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kroutvar M, Ducommun Y, Heiss D, et al (2004) Optically programmable electron spin memory using semiconductor quantum dots. Nature 432:81–84

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirchner T (2016) Merger Arbitrage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Evans M, Zimmermann A (2014) Global Perspectives on Subsidiarity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Tichavska M, Cabrera F, Tovar B, Araña V (2015) Use of the Automatic Identification System in Academic Research. In: Moreno-Díaz R, Pichler F, Quesada-Arencibia A (eds) Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary Science.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Morocco Will Have 24/7 Solar Power By 2017. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa A (2014) Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) A Family Revolving Around a Disability. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2191-2521

Other styles