How to format your references using the Planetary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hubbell JA (2003) Materials science. Enhancing drug function. Science 300:595–596
A journal article with 2 authors
Shuster DL, Weiss BP (2005) Martian surface paleotemperatures from thermochronology of meteorites. Science 309:594–600
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman DM, Jaccard SL, Haug GH (2004) Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature 428:59–63
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Park H-S, Ko S-J, Park J-S, et al (2013) Redox-active charge carriers of conducting polymers as a tuner of conductivity and its potential window. Sci Rep 3:2454

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche T (2016) Digital Electronics 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Langor DW, Sweeney J (2009) Ecological Impacts of Non-Native Invertebrates and Fungi on Terrestrial Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Egger C, Dirnhofer R, Grabherr S (2016) Postmortem Angiography and the Thanatology of the Vascular System. In: Grabherr S, Grimm JM, Heinemann A (eds) Atlas of Postmortem Angiography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary Science.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Our Home Supercluster Gets a Map and a Name. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Encarnacion M (2014) Does the use of clickers while incorporating small groups discussion increase student learning in the chemistry classroom. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Ponder Relationship of Federal and State Courts. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2191-2521

Other styles