How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller R (2002) Shaping the vertebrate body plan by polarized embryonic cell movements. Science 298:1950–1954
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz J, Rauschenbeutel A (2013) Applied physics. Triggering an optical transistor with one photon. Science 341:725–726
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra P, Coleman P, Flint R (2013) Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2. Nature 493:621–626
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hood L, Heath JR, Phelps ME, Lin B (2004) Systems biology and new technologies enable predictive and preventative medicine. Science 306:640–643

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwartler T (2017) Text Mining in Practice with R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Yonenobu K, Nakamura K, Toyama Y (eds) (2006) OPLL: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament, 2nd Edition. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Niwa M, Katada N, Okumura K (2010) DFT Calculation of the Solid Acidity. In: Katada N, Okumura K (eds) Characterization and Design of Zeolite Catalysts: Solid Acidity, Shape Selectivity and Loading Properties. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) The Most Incredible Photographs The Hubble Telescope Has Ever Taken. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Survey at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swinford RR (2012) Adapted dance - connecting mind, body and soul. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Sengupta S (2016) Russia Backs U.N. Vote to Send Monitors to Aleppo, as Evacuations Resume. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Keller 2002; Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

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