How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kinder DR (2006) Politics and the life cycle. Science 312:1905–1908
A journal article with 2 authors
Raine NE, Gill RJ (2015) Ecology: Tasteless pesticides affect bees in the field. Nature 521:38–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore SD, McGinness KE, Sauer RT (2003) Structural biology. A glimpse into tmRNA-mediated ribosome rescue. Science 300:72–73
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim M, Krogan NJ, Vasiljeva L, et al (2004) The yeast Rat1 exonuclease promotes transcription termination by RNA polymerase II. Nature 432:517–522

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds J, Segner R (2011) Construction Supervision. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yacob NA, Mohamed M, Megat Hanafiah MAK (eds) (2016) Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Fragnelli V, Ortona G (2006) Comparison of Electoral Systems: Simulative and Game Theoretic Approaches. In: Simeone B, Pukelsheim F (eds) Mathematics and Democracy: Recent Advances in Voting Systems and Collective Choice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) France To Shut Down All Its Coal Power Plants By 2023. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1966) Comments on Bill To Amend NASA Act of 1958. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez LI (2012) New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) The Fine Art of Using Love as a Weapon. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kinder 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kinder 2006; Raine and Gill 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raine and Gill 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

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