How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ernst T (2013) Engineering. Controlling the polarity of silicon nanowire transistors. Science 340:1414–1415
A journal article with 2 authors
Lake JK, Ostling A (2009) Comment on “Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest.” Science 324:1015; author reply 1015
A journal article with 3 authors
André P, Ward-Thompson D, Greaves J (2012) Interferometric identification of a pre-brown dwarf. Science 337:69–72
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Biron KE, Dickstein DL, Gopaul R, et al (2013) Cessation of neoangiogenesis in Alzheimer’s disease follows amyloid-beta immunization. Sci Rep 3:1354

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB, Lehmann HD (2015) Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
van de Geer S, Wegkamp M (eds) (2012) Selected Works of Willem van Zwet. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Szende A, Janssen B (2014) Cross-Country Analysis of EQ-5D Data. In: Szende A, Janssen B, Cabases J (eds) Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) AI Learns Nobel-Winning Experiment In An Hour ... And Then Improves It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) National Science Foundation: Problems Found in Decision Process for Awarding Earthquake Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell SF (2009) Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2012) A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ernst 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lake and Ostling 2009; Ernst 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lake and Ostling 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Biron et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

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