How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodenough JB (2000) Oxide-ion conductors by design. Nature 404:821, 823
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag DP, Alley RB (2004) Physics. Ancient lessons for our future climate. Science 306:821–822
A journal article with 3 authors
Konry T, Golberg A, Yarmush M (2013) Live single cell functional phenotyping in droplet nano-liter reactors. Sci Rep 3:3179
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Amico L, Aghamalyan D, Auksztol F, et al (2014) Superfluid qubit systems with ring shaped optical lattices. Sci Rep 4:4298

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast DK (2010) Interior Detailing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Byrnes J, Ostheimer G (eds) (2006) Advances in Sensing with Security Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kall P, Mayer J (2011) Algorithms. In: Mayer J (ed) Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 285–382

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Your Map Of The World Is Wrong. Here’s How Big Everything Actually Is. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Goddard Space Flight Center: Decision to Contract for Plant Operations and Maintenance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis LV (2017) Oxidation Effects on the Magnetic Properties of Iron Phthalocyanine Thin Films. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J (2016) Corruption in New York: An Unscrupulous History. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodenough 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goodenough 2000; Schrag and Alley 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schrag and Alley 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Amico et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

Other styles