How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasting JF (2001) Earth history. The rise of atmospheric oxygen. Science 293:819–820
A journal article with 2 authors
Hibberd JM, Quick WP (2002) Characteristics of C4 photosynthesis in stems and petioles of C3 flowering plants. Nature 415:451–454
A journal article with 3 authors
Fasel R, Parschau M, Ernst K-H (2006) Amplification of chirality in two-dimensional enantiomorphous lattices. Nature 439:449–452
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Eden S, Rohatgi R, Podtelejnikov AV, et al (2002) Mechanism of regulation of WAVE1-induced actin nucleation by Rac1 and Nck. Nature 418:790–793

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán F, Mariño Espiñeira P (2008) Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Townsend T, Bates R (eds) (2007) Handbook of Teacher Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Molnar JA (2010) Application of VAC Therapy in Burn Injury. In: Hyakusoku H, Orgill DP, Teot L, et al. (eds) Color Atlas of Burn Reconstructive Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 16–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Volcanic Popcorn To Keep Houses Warm. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Aviation: Issues Associated With the Theft of Stock Used to Create Airline Tickets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moton JM (2012) Investigation of low temperature solid oxide fuel cells for air-independent UUV applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, Walsh MW (2015) Island Trips for Treasury. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kasting 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kasting 2001; Hibberd and Quick 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hibberd and Quick 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Eden et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

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