How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) OIL OUTLOOK:USGS Optimistic on World Oil Prospects. Science 289:237
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders MA, Lea AS (2005) Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature 434:1005–1008
A journal article with 3 authors
D’Orazio DJ, Haiman Z, Schiminovich D (2015) Relativistic boost as the cause of periodicity in a massive black-hole binary candidate. Nature 525:351–353
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee Y, Vogt T, Hriljac JA, et al (2002) Non-framework cation migration and irreversible pressure-induced hydration in a zeolite. Nature 420:485–489

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cazdyn E, Szeman I (2011) After Globalization. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Otto S (ed) (2015) Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws: Bisphosphonates, Denosumab, and New Agents. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Harter NN, Luu M (2016) Drug Eruptions and Hypersensitivity Syndromes. In: Hogeling M (ed) Case-Based Inpatient Pediatric Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Norwegian Governments Votes To Go Carbon Neutral By 2030. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holby N (2017) School Counselors and Their Experiences Implementing Comprehensive Programs. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coscarelli J, Sisario B (2017) Prince’s Estate Sues Over a New EP. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Saunders and Lea 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saunders and Lea 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationPhytochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1568-7767
ISSN (online)1572-980X
ScopePlant Science

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