How to format your references using the Phytochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halpern, J.P., 2009. Astronomy. Gamma-ray pulsars old and new. Science 325, 821–822.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, M., Liu, W.-M., 2014. The d-p band-inversion topological insulator in bismuth-based skutterudites. Sci. Rep. 4, 5131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, C.Y., Ayliffe, M.A., Timmis, J.N., 2003. Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus. Nature 422, 72–76.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Han, S.-T., Yan, Y., Huang, L.-B., Zhou, L., Huang, J., Roy, V.A.L., 2013. Solution processed molecular floating gate for flexible flash memories. Sci. Rep. 3, 3093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves, R., 2009. Joomla!® Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Huang, Y., 2014. Feature Coding for Image Representation and Recognition, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Borst, P., Wielinga, P., 2007. Pumping Out Drugs, in: Peters, G.J. (Ed.), Deoxynucleoside Analogs In Cancer Therapy, Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 109–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Over 100 HIV Experts And Advocates May Have Been On Board Crashed Malaysian Plane [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Inspectors General: Information on Resources and Selected Accomplishments of Five Inspectors Generals (No. AIMD-00-31R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
King, G.D., 2010. Public Works Directors’ Perceptions of the Effects of Stakeholders on Environmental Policies in California Cities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. The Head Honcho’s Head Honcho. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halpern, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Halpern, 2009; Yang and Liu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Liu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry
ISSN (print)0031-9422
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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