How to format your references using the Phytochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. Science in culture: Visual zoology. Historical wall charts found in Pavia. Nature 421, 580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg, S.M., Hastings, P.J., 2003. Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science 300, 1382–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yelshanskaya, M.V., Li, M., Sobolevsky, A.I., 2014. Structure of an agonist-bound ionotropic glutamate receptor. Science 345, 1070–1074.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taipale, J., Chen, J.K., Cooper, M.K., Wang, B., Mann, R.K., Milenkovic, L., Scott, M.P., Beachy, P.A., 2000. Effects of oncogenic mutations in Smoothened and Patched can be reversed by cyclopamine. Nature 406, 1005–1009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, W.M., 2009. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hersh, M. (Ed.), 2015. Ethical Engineering for International Development and Environmental Sustainability. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Cherifi, C., Labatut, V., Santucci, J.-F., 2011. On Flexible Web Services Composition Networks, in: Cherifi, H., Zain, J.M., El-Qawasmeh, E. (Eds.), Digital Information and Communication Technology and Its Applications: International Conference, DICTAP 2011, Dijon, France, June 21-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Study Suggests Newborns Delivered By C-Section Have a Higher risk of Developing Chronic Health Problems [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages (No. NSIAD-92-171BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, J., 2012. Commutative endomorphism rings of simple abelian varieties over finite fields (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman, M., White, A., 2017. At Camp John Waters, a Band of ‘Filthy Freaks.’ New York Times ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Rosenberg and Hastings, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenberg and Hastings, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Taipale et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry
ISSN (print)0031-9422
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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