How to format your references using the Phytochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup, R.M., 2010. Origin of Saturn’s rings and inner moons by mass removal from a lost Titan-sized satellite. Nature 468, 943–946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roeb, M., Sattler, C., 2013. Chemistry. Isothermal water splitting. Science 341, 470–471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, F., Burns, M.J., Naughton, M.J., 2014. Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci. Rep. 4, 7267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rudebeck, P.H., Buckley, M.J., Walton, M.E., Rushworth, M.F.S., 2006. A role for the macaque anterior cingulate gyrus in social valuation. Science 313, 1310–1312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce, D.R., 2013. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Elgazzar, A.H. (Ed.), 2006. The Pathophysiologic Basis of Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hon, G., 2009. Living Extremely Flat: The Life of an Automaton; John von Neumann’s Conception of Error of (in)Animate Systems, in: Hon, G., Schickore, J., Steinle, F. (Eds.), Going Amiss In Experimental Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The US-Russian Space Station Mission Is A Study In Cooperation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Public Safety Communications: Preliminary Information on FirstNet’s Efforts to Establish a Nationwide Broadband Network (No. GAO-15-380T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, H., 2009. Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2005. Spurring Urban Growth in Vancouver, One Family at a Time. New York Times 1111.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Canup, 2010; Roeb and Sattler, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roeb and Sattler, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rudebeck et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry
ISSN (print)0031-9422
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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