How to format your references using the Phytochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2006. Handle with care. Nature 440, 990–991.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hopkins, R., Rausher, M.D., 2011. Identification of two genes causing reinforcement in the Texas wildflower Phlox drummondii. Nature 469, 411–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kourtis, N., Nikoletopoulou, V., Tavernarakis, N., 2012. Small heat-shock proteins protect from heat-stroke-associated neurodegeneration. Nature 490, 213–218.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suzuki, T., Hasan, Z., Funahashi, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Fujishiro, Y., Awano, M., 2009. Impact of anode microstructure on solid oxide fuel cells. Science 325, 852–855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V.O., 2016. Trustworthy Cloud Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Focosi, D. (Ed.), 2016. Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors, Resistance to Targeted Anti-Cancer Therapeutics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster, C., 2015. Spanish- and English-Speaking Hispanic Subcultural Consumption Differences, in: Bahn, K.D. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1988 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 18–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Orangutans Can Guess How Things Taste Before They’ve Even Tried Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Air Traffic Control: FAA Has Not Fully Assessed Its User Request Evaluation Tool (No. AIMD/RCED-98-59R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrugia, T.J., 2010. Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Roberts Dissent Reveals Strain Beneath Court’s Placid Surface. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hopkins and Rausher, 2011; Macilwain, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hopkins and Rausher, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry
ISSN (print)0031-9422
Plant Science
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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