How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lynch, Michael. 2002. “Genomics. Gene Duplication and Evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 945–947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henney, Adriano, and Giulio Superti-Furga. 2008. “A Network Solution.” Nature 455 (7214): 730–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buszczak, Michael, Shelley Paterno, and Allan C. Spradling. 2009. “Drosophila Stem Cells Share a Common Requirement for the Histone H2B Ubiquitin Protease Scrawny.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5911): 248–251.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Xiaoguo, Fei Zhang, Xinxin Jing, Muchen Pan, Pi Liu, Wei Li, Bowen Zhu, et al. 2018. “Complex Silica Composite Nanomaterials Templated with DNA Origami.” Nature 559 (7715): 593–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaynor, Gerard H. 2014. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dietz, Hans Peter. 2008. Atlas of Pelvic Floor Ultrasound. Edited by Lennox P. J. Hoyte and Anneke B. Steensma. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tranmer, Mark, and Emmanuel Lazega. 2016. “Multilevel Models for Multilevel Network Dependencies.” In Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences: Theory, Methods and Applications, edited by Emmanuel Lazega and Tom A. B. Snijders, 107–124. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “If Earth Falls, Will Interstellar Space Travel Be Our Salvation?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Air Pollution: FAA’s Reliance on Manufacturers for Jet Engine Emission Testing. RCED-94-99. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garyan, David. 2017. “Converging Origins: Never Forget What Happened in the Future.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dunlap, David W., and Susan C. Beachy. 2016. “Seeking the Final Faces to Fill a Sept. 11 Tapestry.” New York Times, September 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lynch 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Lynch 2002; Henney and Superti-Furga 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henney and Superti-Furga 2008)
  • Three authors: (Buszczak, Paterno, and Spradling 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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