How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocker, Roman. 2012. “Marine Microbes See a Sea of Gradients.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6107): 628–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser, Richard S., and Ronald A. DePinho. 2002. “Connecting Chromosomes, Crisis, and Cancer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5581): 565–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zilberman, Daniel, Xiaofeng Cao, and Steven E. Jacobsen. 2003. “ARGONAUTE4 Control of Locus-Specific SiRNA Accumulation and DNA and Histone Methylation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5607): 716–719.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Heekeren, H. R., S. Marrett, P. A. Bandettini, and L. G. Ungerleider. 2004. “A General Mechanism for Perceptual Decision-Making in the Human Brain.” Nature 431 (7010): 859–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens, Ulf, Rainer Erkens, and Wolfgang Müller. 2004. Storage Networks Explained. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Letfullin, Renat R. 2016. Computational Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology: Lectures with Computer Practicums. Edited by Thomas F. George. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexiou, Antonios, Konstantinos Asimakis, Christos Bouras, Vasileios Kokkinos, and Andreas Papazois. 2011. “Combining MBSFN and PTM Transmission Schemes for Resource Efficiency in LTE Networks.” In Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 9th IFIP TC 6 International Conference, WWIC 2011, Vilanova i La Geltrú, Spain, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Xavier Masip-Bruin, Dominique Verchere, Vassilis Tsaoussidis, and Marcelo Yannuzzi, 56–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Marine Species Are More Threatened Than We Thought – And We’ve Only Looked At 3%.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Status of Office of Education’s National Direct Student Loan Funds at Selected Postsecondary Education Institutions. HRD-78-94. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei, Chun-Shu. 2017. “Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “What’s Old And New.” New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stocker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stocker 2012; Maser and DePinho 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maser and DePinho 2002)
  • Three authors: (Zilberman, Cao, and Jacobsen 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Heekeren et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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