How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, David. 2002. “Fresh Horizons South Korea.” Nature 420 (6916): 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pinaud, Fabien, and Maxime Dahan. 2008. “Biochemistry. Zooming into Live Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5873): 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rodríguez-Muñoz, Rolando, Alfredo F. Ojanguren, and Tom Tregenza. 2008. “Comment on ‘International Conservation Policy Delivers Benefits for Birds in Europe.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5866): 1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Greaves, Stuart J., Rebecca A. Rose, Thomas A. A. Oliver, David R. Glowacki, Michael N. R. Ashfold, Jeremy N. Harvey, Ian P. Clark, et al. 2011. “Vibrationally Quantum-State-Specific Reaction Dynamics of H Atom Abstraction by CN Radical in Solution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6023): 1423–1426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scharf, Toralf. 2006. Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meadows, Catherine, and Carmen Fernandez-Gago, eds. 2012. Security and Trust Management: 7th International Workshop, STM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7170. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Benson, Hande Y., and Ümit Sağlam. 2013. “Smoothing and Regularization for Mixed-Integer Second-Order Cone Programming with Applications in Portfolio Optimization.” In Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2012 Conference, edited by Luis F. Zuluaga and Tamás Terlaky, 87–111. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Drone Captures Breathtaking Footage Inside The Worlds Largest Cave.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Information Technology: Continued Improvements in Investment Oversight and Management Can Yield Billions in Savings. GAO-11-511T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahan, Christine Pour. 2010. “First to the Finish Line: A Case Study of First Generation Baccalaureate Degree Completers in the University of Maryland Student Support Services Program.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1992. “Little Rock Hopes Clinton Presidency Will Put Its Dogpatch Image to Rest.” New York Times, November 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Pinaud and Dahan 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pinaud and Dahan 2008)
  • Three authors: (Rodríguez-Muñoz, Ojanguren, and Tregenza 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Greaves et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

Other styles