How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C. 2000. “EVOLUTION: Parasites Make Scaredy-Rats Foolhardy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5479): 525b–527b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman, Ira, and Björn E. Clausen. 2010. “Immunology. Beta-Catenin Balances Immunity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5993): 767–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Lian-Ao, Dvira Segal, and Paul Brumer. 2013. “No-Go Theorem for Ground State Cooling given Initial System-Thermal Bath Factorization.” Scientific Reports 3: 1824.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Covert, Markus W., Eric M. Knight, Jennifer L. Reed, Markus J. Herrgard, and Bernhard O. Palsson. 2004. “Integrating High-Throughput and Computational Data Elucidates Bacterial Networks.” Nature 429 (6987): 92–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, Tony, Matthew Anderson, and Foresight Analytics. 2010. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gavin, Daniel G. 2015. Late Pleistocene and Holocene Environmental Change on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Edited by Linda B. Brubaker. Vol. 222. Ecological Studies, Analysis and Synthesis. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bulian, Gabriele, and Alberto Francescutto. 2012. “Trimaran Vessels and Parametric Roll.” In Parametric Resonance in Dynamical Systems, edited by Thor I. Fossen and Henk Nijmeijer, 63–89. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Australia’s ‘Other’ Reef Is Worth More Than $10 Billion A Year - But Have You Heard Of It?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Telecommunications Privacy: GSA’s Planned FTS 2000 Telephone Record Controls Appear Reasonable. IMTEC-89-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodworth, Jason W. 2017. “Secure Semantic Search over Encrypted Big Data in the Cloud.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “This Barber? He Has Demons.” New York Times, March 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zimmer 2000; Mellman and Clausen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellman and Clausen 2010)
  • Three authors: (Wu, Segal, and Brumer 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Covert et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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