How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, Ken. 2003. “The View from the Top.” Nature 426 (6967): 696–697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths, Justin, and Derek Ruths. 2014. “Control Profiles of Complex Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6177): 1373–1376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hammarström, P., F. Schneider, and J. W. Kelly. 2001. “Trans-Suppression of Misfolding in an Amyloid Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5539): 2459–2462.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Kang, Gabriel D. Victora, Tanja A. Schwickert, Pierre Guermonprez, Matthew M. Meredith, Kaihui Yao, Fei-Fan Chu, Gwendalyn J. Randolph, Alexander Y. Rudensky, and Michel Nussenzweig. 2009. “In Vivo Analysis of Dendritic Cell Development and Homeostasis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5925): 392–397.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze, Roger S., Ellie S. Strock, Gregg D. Simonson, and Richard M. Bergenstal. 2006. Staged Diabetes Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Güçlü, Alev Devrim. 2014. Graphene Quantum Dots. Edited by Pawel Potasz, Marek Korkusinski, and Pawel Hawrylak. NanoScience and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Husmann, Maria, Michael Nebeling, and Moira C. Norrie. 2013. “MultiMasher: A Visual Tool for Multi-Device Mashups.” In Current Trends in Web Engineering: ICWE 2013 International Workshops ComposableWeb, QWE, MDWE, DMSSW, EMotions, CSE, SSN, and PhD Symposium, Aalborg, Denmark, July 8-12, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, edited by Quan Z. Sheng and Jesper Kjeldskov, 27–38. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “New Species of Hammerhead Shark Confirmed.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Information Technology: Benefits Realized for Selected Health Care Functions. GAO-04-224. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowe, Casey. 2009. “A Correlational Study of the Relationship between Learner Autonomy and Academic Performance.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Time for Recalling the Departed And Reuniting the Long-Lost Related.” New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howard 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Howard 2003; Ruths and Ruths 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruths and Ruths 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hammarström, Schneider, and Kelly 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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