How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitan, Irwin B. 2004. “Cell Biology. A Well-Stocked Pool.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5669): 394–395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye, Christopher, and Mario Raviglione. 2013. “Perspective: Weigh All TB Risks.” Nature 502 (7470): S13.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen, Uzay U., Robin L. Chazdon, and Kent E. Holsinger. 2005. “Genetic Consequences of Tropical Second-Growth Forest Regeneration.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5711): 891.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bernhardt, T. G., I. N. Wang, D. K. Struck, and R. Young. 2001. “A Protein Antibiotic in the Phage Qbeta Virion: Diversity in Lysis Targets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5525): 2326–2329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, Martin. 2010. Mind Games. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Park, Jong Hyuk, Justin Zhan, Changhoon Lee, Guilin Wang, Tai-Hoon Kim, and Sang-Soo Yeo, eds. 2009. Advances in Information Security and Its Application: Third International Conference, ISA 2009, Seoul, Korea, June 25-27, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 36. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zalewski, Jan. 2013. “The Post-Process Era in Composition Studies and the Linguistic Turn of the 20th Century.” In Investigations in Teaching and Learning Languages: Studies in Honour of Hanna Komorowska, edited by Danuta Gabryś-Barker, Ewa Piechurska-Kuciel, and Jerzy Zybert, 51–61. Second Language Learning and Teaching. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Woman Finds Literal Nightmare Crawling Around Inside Her Head.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Motor Carrier Safety: A Statistical Approach Will Better Identify Commercial Carriers That Pose High Crash Risks Than Does the Current Federal Approach. GAO-07-585. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, Ramon Israel. 2009. “Variable Selection for Models with Missing Data.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder, Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by Lawrence. 2004. “Arts, Briefly; Saving Shostakovich.” New York Times, November 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitan 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan 2004; Levitan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye and Raviglione 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sezen, Chazdon, and Holsinger 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bernhardt et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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