How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, Daniel S. 2010. “A Two-Year Plan for US Science.” Nature 467 (7317): 781–782.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watmough, Shaun A., and Peter J. Dillon. 2003. “Mycorrhizal Weathering in Base-Poor Forests.” Nature 423 (6942): 823–824; discussion 824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E. B., S. Seager, and E. L. Turner. 2001. “Characterization of Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets from Diurnal Photometric Variability.” Nature 412 (6850): 885–887.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Müller, Wolfgang, Henry Fricke, Alex N. Halliday, Malcolm T. McCulloch, and Jo-Anne Wartho. 2003. “Origin and Migration of the Alpine Iceman.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5646): 862–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voit, Brigitte, Rainer Haag, Dietmar Appelhans, and Petra B. Welzel. 2016. Bio- and Multifunctional Polymer Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lytras, Miltiadis D., John M. Carroll, Ernesto Damiani, Robert D. Tennyson, David Avison, Gottfried Vossen, and Patricia Ordonez De Pablos, eds. 2008. The Open Knowlege Society. A Computer Science and Information Systems Manifesto: First World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2008, Athens, Greece, September 24-26, 2008. Proceedings. Vol. 19. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz, J. J., N. Rabiei, A. Lyamin, and A. Huerta. 2014. “Computation of Bounds for Anchor Problems in Limit Analysis and Decomposition Techniques.” In Direct Methods for Limit States in Structures and Materials, edited by Konstantinos Spiliopoulos and Dieter Weichert, 79–99. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Poverty.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Ice Deposit As Big As Lake Superior Found On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Blue Cross FEHBP Pharmacy Benefits. HEHS-96-182R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santoso, Eko. 2012. “Intellectual Capital in Indonesia: The Influence on Financial Performance of Banking Industry.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil, and Sophia Kishkovsky. 2015. “Russian History Gets a Makeover That Starts With Ivan the Terrible.” New York Times, March 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg 2010; Watmough and Dillon 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watmough and Dillon 2003)
  • Three authors: (Ford, Seager, and Turner 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Müller et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Poverty
AbbreviationJ. Child. Poverty
ISSN (print)1079-6126
ISSN (online)1469-9389

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