How to format your references using the Physiological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brune H. CHEMISTRY. In the wake of collision. Science 350: 1321, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Argus JP, Bensinger SJ. Immunology. Fueling function over expansion in T cells. Science 341: 37–38, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aggarwal PK, Basu AR, Kulkarni KM. Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (I). Science 300: 584; author reply 584, 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
DasGupta R, Kaykas A, Moon RT, Perrimon N. Functional genomic analysis of the Wnt-wingless signaling pathway. Science 308: 826–833, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsujimura T. OLED Display Fundamentals and Applications. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Franklin ME. Treating Trichotillomania: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hairpulling and Related Problems. New York, NY: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Matias D, Przeniosło Ł, Miłosławski T, Jaskuła M, Makiewicz P, Biegun M, Penkala K, Mijowska E, El Fray M, Podolski J. Development of the Mobile PoC Graphene-Based Biosensing Device Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). In: First European Biomedical Engineering Conference for Young Investigators: ENCY2015, Budapest, May 28 - 30, 2015, edited by Jobbágy Á. Singapore: Springer, 2015, p. 20–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiological Reviews.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Scrape Marks Spotted At The Bottom Of The Caspian Sea [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dzubaty DR. Understanding the undergraduate experience of the baccalaureate nursing student with English as an additional language. Capella University: 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. National Opera Names General Director. New York Times: C3, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4–6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiological Reviews
AbbreviationPhysiol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-9333
ISSN (online)1522-1210
ScopeMolecular Biology
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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