How to format your references using the Physiological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Herman IP. Following the law. Nature 445: 228, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lippman Z, Martienssen R. The role of RNA interference in heterochromatic silencing. Nature 431: 364–370, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thorne SH, Negrin RS, Contag CH. Synergistic antitumor effects of immune cell-viral biotherapy. Science 311: 1780–1784, 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Takáts Z, Wiseman JM, Gologan B, Cooks RG. Mass spectrometry sampling under ambient conditions with desorption electrospray ionization. Science 306: 471–473, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wempen F. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1.
Gutwirth S, Leenes R, de Hert P, editors. Reforming European Data Protection Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Imamura T, Yamada S, Machida M. Over 10 TFLOPS Computation for a Huge Sparse Eigensolver on the Earth Simulator. In: High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005, edited by Resch M, Bönisch T, Benkert K, Bez W, Furui T, Seo Y. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiological Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Can You Drink The Water On Mars? [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/can-you-drink-water-mars/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress Implementing Requirements in the Aviation Security Act of 2016. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moore C. Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood. University of Louisiana: 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Review: ‘Hogtown’ Tells a Poetic Detective Story in Chicago. New York Times: C11, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiological Reviews
AbbreviationPhysiol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-9333
ISSN (online)1522-1210
ScopeMolecular Biology
Physiology
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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