How to format your references using the Neotropical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neotropical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Der Lee S (2001) Geology. Deep below North America. Science 294:1297–1298
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman AF, Tonkin CJ (2011) Microbiology. A tail of division. Science 331:409–410
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand J, Wagih O, Bader GD (2013) The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Sci Rep 3:2651
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Polonia A, Bonatti E, Camerlenghi A, et al (2013) Mediterranean megaturbidite triggered by the AD 365 Crete earthquake and tsunami. Sci Rep 3:1285

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadha R, Kant L (2007) Policy-Driven Mobile Ad hoc Network Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) (2012) The Greek Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hess S, Bierlaire M, Polak JW (2005) Capturing Correlation and Taste Heterogeneity with Mixed GEV Models. In: Scarpa R, Alberini A (eds) Applications of Simulation Methods in Environmental and Resource Economics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neotropical Entomology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Neanderthal Infants’ Brains May Have Been Similar To Human Children. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Desegregation Activities: Administration of Education Grant Funds at the Cleveland School District. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yobby J (2017) Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Top-Ranked Players Murray and Kerber Are Eliminated in Fourth Round. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Der Lee 2001).
This sentence cites two references (van Der Lee 2001; Cowman and Tonkin 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowman and Tonkin 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Polonia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeotropical Entomology
AbbreviationNeotrop. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1519-566X
ISSN (online)1678-8052
ScopeInsect Science

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