How to format your references using the Neotropical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neotropical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuhn M (2015) Cardiology: A big-hearted molecule. Nature 519:416–417
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodrigues AR, Tabin CJ (2013) Developmental biology. Deserts and waves in gene expression. Science 340:1181–1182
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang G, Jiang X, Wang E (2003) Tubular graphite cones. Science 300:472–474
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sercombe D, Schwarz S, Del Pozo-Zamudio O, et al (2013) Optical investigation of the natural electron doping in thin MoS2 films deposited on dielectric substrates. Sci Rep 3:3489

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak H, Hoch H-U, Füg D (2010) Stahltragwerke im Industriebau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Bertino E (2010) Security for Web Services and Service-Oriented Architectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hirai K (2016) The Peasants’ Dilemma: Finance and Fraud Problems in Purchasing Fertilizer in Taiwan (1910–1930s). In: Sawai M (ed) Economic Activities Under the Japanese Colonial Empire. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 115–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neotropical Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The LHC Is Back And It’s Ready To Probe The Limits Of Matter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano AM (2012) Community college swirlers and the transfer function. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Adkins M (2014) The Race to Beat ‘Best Before.’ New York Times MB3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuhn 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rodrigues and Tabin 2013; Kuhn 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodrigues and Tabin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sercombe et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeotropical Entomology
AbbreviationNeotrop. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1519-566X
ISSN (online)1678-8052
ScopeInsect Science

Other styles