How to format your references using the Medical Dosimetry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Dosimetry (MDO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, D.S. Science and society. On the road to academic greatness--a parable. Science 317(5843):1328–9; 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Povolotskaya, I.S.; Kondrashov, F.A. Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe. Nature 465(7300):922–6; 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qvarnström, A.; Pärt, T.; Sheldon, B.C. Adaptive plasticity in mate preference linked to differences in reproductive effort. Nature 405(6784):344–7; 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Storm, C.; Pastore, J.J.; MacKintosh, F.C.; et al. Nonlinear elasticity in biological gels. Nature 435(7039):191–4; 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yukihara, E.G.; McKeever, S.W.S. Optically Stimulated Luminescence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Filipe, J.; Cordeiro, J. Web Information Systems and Technologies: 7th International Conference, WEBIST 2011, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, May 6-9, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 101. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Llobet, M. Terrorism: Limits Between Crime and War. The Fallacy of the Slogan ‘War on Terror.’ In: Masferrer, A., editor. Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism; Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012: 101–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Dosimetry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Quadriplegic Man Uses Thoughts To Move His Limb. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Organization Organic Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, C. Grassroots in Santa Ana: Identity and conceptualizing community. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. A Tabloid Murder Tale of Little Suspense. New York Times:C6; 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Dosimetry
AbbreviationMed. Dosim.
ISSN (print)0958-3947
ISSN (online)1873-4022
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles