How to format your references using the Medical Dosimetry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Dosimetry (MDO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abraham, R.T. Cell biology. Making sense of amino acid sensing. Science 347(6218):128–9; 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rockenbach, B.; Milinski, M. The efficient interaction of indirect reciprocity and costly punishment. Nature 444(7120):718–23; 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brisbin, I.L., Jr; Austad, S.; Jacobson, S.K. Canine detectives: the nose knows-or does it? Science 290(5494):1093b; 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choe, K.-M.; Werner, T.; Stöven, S.; et al. Requirement for a peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP) in Relish activation and antibacterial immune responses in Drosophila. Science 296(5566):359–62; 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft List of MAK and BAT Values 2014. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.; 2014.
An edited book
Turksen, K. Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Teixeira, R.F.S.; Leite, N.J. Unsupervised Fingerprint Segmentation Based on Multiscale Directional Information. In: San Martin, C., and Kim, S.-W., editors. Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 16th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2011, Pucón, Chile, November 15-18, 2011. Proceedings; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011: 38–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Dosimetry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Cosmic Growing Pains Are Making This Young Star Get Bigger In Bursts. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Mission Support Project: Analyzing User Requirements for Assignment Management Tasks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmberg, M.B. Alternative nitrogen for subsequent southern switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) production using cool-season legumes. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. Commissioner Plays Down Back-and-Forth on Concussions in a Jets Forum. New York Times:B9; 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Dosimetry
AbbreviationMed. Dosim.
ISSN (print)0958-3947
ISSN (online)1873-4022
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles