How to format your references using the Medical Dosimetry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Dosimetry (MDO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graves, J.A.M. Genomics. Recycling the Y chromosome. Science 307(5706):50–1; 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Worby, C.A.; Dixon, J.E. Microbiology. Bacteria seize control by acetylating host proteins. Science 312(5777):1150–1; 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cooper, T.F.; O’Leary, R.A.; Lough, J.M. Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene. Science 335(6068):593–6; 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peyser, L.A.; Vinson, A.E.; Bartko, A.P.; et al. Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters. Science 291(5501):103–6; 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers, R.M. Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company.; 2016.
An edited book
Audretsch, D. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globalization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. vol. 7. Boston, MA: Springer US.; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Schogt, P. The Wild Number Problem: Math or Fiction? In: Emmer, M., editor. Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics; Milano: Springer; 2013: 31–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Dosimetry.

Blog post
Davis, J. Record Breeding Season For The Enigmatic Kākāpō Parrot. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, M.A. The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. With Trump and Press: Much Heat, Little Light. New York Times:A18; 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Dosimetry
AbbreviationMed. Dosim.
ISSN (print)0958-3947
ISSN (online)1873-4022
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles