How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Durrer R (2006) Astronomy. Is the mystery of cosmic magnetic fields solved? Science 311:787–788
A journal article with 2 authors
Najemnik J, Geisler WS (2005) Optimal eye movement strategies in visual search. Nature 434:387–391
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, Frydman J (2008) Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 454:1088–1095
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao Y-J, Zhang H, Liu C-L, et al (2014) Late Eocene to early Oligocene quantitative paleotemperature record: evidence from continental halite fluid inclusions. Sci Rep 4:5776

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert JAC (2005) Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Piot-Lepetit I, M’Barek R (2011) Methods to Analyse Agricultural Commodity Price Volatility, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer M (2010) Strategies to Prevent siRNA-Triggered Cellular Toxicity. In: Erdmann VA, Barciszewski J (eds) RNA Technologies and Their Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) A Biologist’s St. Patrick’s Day Song. In: IFLScience.’s-st-patrick’s-day-song/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Security: Screener Training and Performance Measurement Strengthened, but More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill JA (2012) Classical three-body systems and the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) A DELICATE BALANCE: Issues -- AIDS; AIDS Speech Brings Hush to Crowd. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Transportation
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Transp.
ISSN (print)2095-087X
ISSN (online)2196-0577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles