How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge JD (2000) Murphy’s cat. Nature 408:649
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedersen VK, Egholm DL (2013) Glaciations in response to climate variations preconditioned by evolving topography. Nature 493:206–210
A journal article with 3 authors
Parsons T, Ji C, Kirby E (2008) Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin. Nature 454:509–510
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goyal SK, Boukama-Dzoussi PE, Ghosh S, et al (2014) Qudit-teleportation for photons with linear optics. Sci Rep 4:4543

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G (2012) Mechanised Shield Tunnelling. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Nitto ED, Yahyapour R (2010) Towards a Service-Based Internet: Third European Conference, ServiceWave 2010, Ghent, Belgium, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hellmann K, Rhomberg W (2011) Summary and Outlook. In: Hellmann K, Rhomberg W (eds) Razoxane and Dexrazoxane - Two Multifunctional Agents: Experimental and Clinical Results. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 237–240

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Transportation.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Pizzlies and Other Hybrids Won’t Become More Common With Climate Change. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Mass Transit: Challenges in Evaluating, Overseeing, and Funding Major Transit Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igbojekwe SC (2014) Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2010) Savoring The Live Action. New York Times ST9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Transportation
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Transp.
ISSN (print)2095-087X
ISSN (online)2196-0577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles