How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg R (2009) Chemistry. Rethinking water splitting. Science 324:44–45
A journal article with 2 authors
Primakoff P, Myles DG (2002) Penetration, adhesion, and fusion in mammalian sperm-egg interaction. Science 296:2183–2185
A journal article with 3 authors
Balser DS, Rood RT, Bania TM (2007) Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science 317:1170
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cocheo V, Sacco P, Boaretto C, et al (2000) Urban benzene and population exposure. Nature 404:141–142

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq D, Blanke D (2007) Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Wijesundara MBJ (2011) Silicon Carbide Microsystems for Harsh Environments. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng R, Hua C (2016) Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radio Networks. In: Hua C (ed) Sequential Learning and Decision-Making in Wireless Resource Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Genetic Detectives: How Scientists Use DNA To Track Disease Outbreaks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Scientific Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human Subjects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice HJ (2010) Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2013) Two Wills, One Private Heiress. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Transportation
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Transp.
ISSN (print)2095-087X
ISSN (online)2196-0577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles