How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sejnowski TJ (2003) Perceptions of science. Tap into science 24-7. Science 301:601
A journal article with 2 authors
Dutton A, Lambeck K (2012) Ice volume and sea level during the last interglacial. Science 337:216–219
A journal article with 3 authors
Vidale JE, Dodge DA, Earle PS (2000) Slow differential rotation of the Earth’s inner core indicated by temporal changes in scattering. Nature 405:445–448
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Voyles PM, Muller DA, Grazul JL, et al (2002) Atomic-scale imaging of individual dopant atoms and clusters in highly n-type bulk Si. Nature 416:826–829

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saint-Dizier P (2014) Musical Rhetoric. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Krapivin V (2012) Information Technologies for Remote Monitoring of the Environment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Treusch AW, Oldenburg O, Butz T, et al (2009) A 32-Year-Old Female Soccer Player with Unexplained Syncope. In: Pelliccia A (ed) Sports Cardiology Casebook. Springer, London, pp 23–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Does 170-Year-Old Champagne Taste Like? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garza-Meza LE (2013) Photography as a spiritual technique. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Embraceable Saris. New York Times E9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Transportation
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Transp.
ISSN (print)2095-087X
ISSN (online)2196-0577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles