How to format your references using the American Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. The secrets of success. Nature. 2004 Nov 11;432(7014):253.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fortey R, Chatterton B. A Devonian trilobite with an eyeshade. Science. 2003 Sep 19;301(5640):1689.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Totan Y, Güler E, Dervişoğulları MS. Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 10;4:3956.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rouach N, Koulakoff A, Abudara V, Willecke K, Giaume C. Astroglial metabolic networks sustain hippocampal synaptic transmission. Science. 2008 Dec 5;322(5907):1551–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Misra DK. Practical Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Blass JP, editor. Neurochemical Mechanisms in Disease. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XVI, 844 p. (Advances in Neurobiology; vol. 1).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Roşu G, Chen F, Ball T. Synthesizing Monitors for Safety Properties: This Time with Calls and Returns. In: Leucker M, editor. Runtime Verification: 8th International Workshop, RV 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 30, 2008 Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 51–68. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Dramatic Stellar Cycle Of Death And Rebirth Captured By European Space Observatory [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/dramatic-stellar-cycle-death-and-rebirth-captured-european-space-observatory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Selected Aspects of the Financial Management System of Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Jan. Report No.: 093277.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Coulibaly I. Influence of Gender and Age on the Performance of a PBIS program: Quantitative Analysis of Secondary Data from a Midwestern Suburban Public Middle School [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. ‘The Way It’s Done in Japan.’ New York Times. 2009 Oct 25;NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Family Physician
ISSN (print)0002-838X
ISSN (online)1532-0650
Scope

Other styles