How to format your references using the American Journal of Physical Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physical Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halzen F. 2007. Neutrino astrophysics experiments beneath the sea and ice. Science 315:66–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nechiporuk A, Raible DW. 2008. FGF-dependent mechanosensory organ patterning in zebrafish. Science 320:1774–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bergquist DC, Williams FM, Fisher CR. 2000. Longevity record for deep-sea invertebrate. Nature 403:499–500.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Block DL, Bournaud F, Combes F, Groess R, Barmby P, Ashby MLN, Fazio GG, Pahre MA, Willner SP. 2006. An almost head-on collision as the origin of two off-centre rings in the Andromeda galaxy. Nature 443:832–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva FSC, Agustí-Cullell J. 2005. Knowledge Coordination. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bajohr F, Löw A eds. 2016. The Holocaust and European Societies: Social Processes and Social Dynamics. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellardita L. 2013. Dalla visita multidisciplinare alla riunione collegiale. In: Bellardita L, Magnani T, Valdagni R, editors. Il tumore alla prostata: Paziente, familiari e medici: esperienze narrate. Milano: Springer. p 25–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. What Missing Lander Means For Europe’s Quest To Find Life On Mars. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Commercial Aviation: Raising Passenger Facility Charges Would Increase Airport Funding, but Other Effects Less Certain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zatolokin A. 2015. Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler M, Gordon MR. 2017. President Cedes Afghan Strategy To the Pentagon. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halzen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Halzen, 2007; Nechiporuk and Raible, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nechiporuk and Raible, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Block et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
AbbreviationAm. J. Phys. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0002-9483
ISSN (online)1096-8644

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