How to format your references using the American Journal of Physical Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physical Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis E. 2000. Volcanic action at Axial Seamount. Nature 403:379–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Batistatou A, Charalabopoulos K. 2008. The picture of Oscar X. Nature 455:834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwasawa T, Hooley RJ, Rebek J Jr. 2007. Stabilization of labile carbonyl addition intermediates by a synthetic receptor. Science 317:493–496.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Suzuki Y, Niu G, Hughes GL, Rasgon JL. 2014. A viral over-expression system for the major malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Sci Rep 4:5127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armajani J. 2011. Modern Islamist Movements. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dössel O, Schlegel WC eds. 2009. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/3 Radiation Protection and Dosimetry, Biological Effects of Radiation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sugarman J. 2014. Neo-Foucaultian Approaches to Critical Inquiry in the Psychology of Education. In: Corcoran T, editor. Psychology in Education: Critical Theory~Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. p 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. The Eye-Opening Parasite That Can Get In Through Your Contact Lens. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Energy Management: Technology Development Program Taking Action to Address Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevitt DS. 2017. Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Conte L. 2011. Scouting Report. New York Times:E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2000; Batistatou and Charalabopoulos, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Batistatou and Charalabopoulos, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
AbbreviationAm. J. Phys. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0002-9483
ISSN (online)1096-8644

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