How to format your references using the Parasite Epidemiology and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasite Epidemiology and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery, E., 2001. A year of opportunity. Nature 410, 867–868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roelofs, J., Van Haastert, P.J., 2001. Genes lost during evolution. Nature 411, 1013–1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C., de Grijs, R., Deng, L., 2014. The exclusion of a significant range of ages in a massive star cluster. Nature 516, 367–369.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spencer, R.M.C., Zelaznik, H.N., Diedrichsen, J., Ivry, R.B., 2003. Disrupted timing of discontinuous but not continuous movements by cerebellar lesions. Science 300, 1437–1439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum, B., Perros, H., 2015. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stokes-DuPass, N., Fruja, R. (Eds.), 2016. Citizenship, Belonging, and Nation-States in the Twenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, K., Miao, F., Yang, W., 2012. Emergency Management Application Based on Spatial Information Cloud Service, in: Jin, D., Lin, S. (Eds.), Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering: Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasite Epidemiology and Control.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Child Camping At Yosemite National Park Contracts Plague [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Expand the New York Terminal Area Automation System (No. IMTEC-88-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Driskill, K.M., 2010. A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., Stack, L., 2017. O’Reilly Addresses Fans Via Podcast as Fox News Adjusts to a New Lineup. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Roelofs and Van Haastert, 2001; Rubery, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roelofs and Van Haastert, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Spencer et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasite Epidemiology and Control
AbbreviationParasite Epidemiol. Control
ISSN (print)2405-6731

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