How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sampson RJ (2012) Sociology. Moving and the neighborhood glass ceiling. Science 337:1464–1465
A journal article with 2 authors
Golz J, MacLeod DIA (2002) Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy. Nature 415:637–640
A journal article with 3 authors
Hays GC, Houghton JDR, Myers AE (2004) Endangered species: Pan-Atlantic leatherback turtle movements. Nature 429:522
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Torres-Larios A, Swinger KK, Krasilnikov AS, et al (2005) Crystal structure of the RNA component of bacterial ribonuclease P. Nature 437:584–587

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1992) Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Boenink M, van Lente H, Moors E (eds) (2016) Emerging Technologies for Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease: Innovating with Care. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Teglio A, Raberto M, Cincotti S (2011) Do Capital Requirements Affect Long-Run Output Trends? In: Osinga S, Hofstede GJ, Verwaart T (eds) Emergent Results of Artificial Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) New Evidence Suggests Mars Had Lakes Of Water For Thousands Of Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milillo MS (2009) Analysis of emotional intelligence among management leaders and non-management leaders in software development. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Charkes JS (2009) Scrambling to Enroll More Preschoolers. New York Times NJ3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sampson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Golz and MacLeod 2002; Sampson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golz and MacLeod 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Torres-Larios et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Miner.
ISSN (print)0342-1791
ISSN (online)1432-2021
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Materials Science

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