How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mollenauer LF (2003) Physics. Nonlinear optics in fibers. Science 302:996–997
A journal article with 2 authors
Todd JJ, Marois R (2004) Capacity limit of visual short-term memory in human posterior parietal cortex. Nature 428:751–754
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerritelli SM, Chon H, Crouch RJ (2011) Molecular biology. A new twist for topoisomerase. Science 332:1510–1511
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chaimanee Y, Jolly D, Benammi M, et al (2003) A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins. Nature 422:61–65

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langton R (2006) Stability and Control of Aircraft Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England
An edited book
Marasinghe MG (2008) SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed S (2007) Application of Geostatistics in Hydrosciences. In: Thangarajan M (ed) Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 78–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Does The Inside Of A Kangaroo’s Pouch Look Like? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Research: Information on International Science and Technology Agreements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sonn AC (2009) Institutions’ needs and donors’ dreams: A case study of successful student affairs fundraising collaboration at three private research universities. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mollenauer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mollenauer 2003; Todd and Marois 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Todd and Marois 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chaimanee et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Miner.
ISSN (print)0342-1791
ISSN (online)1432-2021
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Materials Science

Other styles