How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackenzie D (2000) MATHEMATICS: Taking the Measure of the Wildest Dance on Earth. Science 290:1883–1884
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunn PP, Joiner SD (2009) Certificates should be strengthened. Science 323:1289–90; author reply 1298-90
A journal article with 3 authors
Good SP, Noone D, Bowen G (2015) WATER RESOURCES. Hydrologic connectivity constrains partitioning of global terrestrial water fluxes. Science 349:175–177
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Banerjee M, Banerjee N, Bhattacharjee P, et al (2013) High arsenic in rice is associated with elevated genotoxic effects in humans. Sci Rep 3:2195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao KR, Bojkovic ZS, Milovanovic DA (2005) Introduction to Multimedia Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Krogstie J, Kautz K, Allen D (eds) (2005) Mobile Information Systems II: IFIP International Working Conference on Mobile Information Systems, (MOBIS) Leeds, UK, December 6–7, 2005. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen S, Gulbinska MK, Puglia FJ (2014) Lithium-ion Cell and Battery Safety. In: Gulbinska MK (ed) Lithium-ion Battery Materials and Engineering: Current Topics and Problems from the Manufacturing Perspective. Springer, London, pp 115–150

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Treating ‘Stage 0’ Breast Cancer Doesn’t Always Save Women’s Lives So Should We Screen For It? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Native Hawaiian Education Act: Greater Oversight Would Increase Accountability and Enable Targeting of Funds to Areas with Greatest Need. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson MR (2011) The Relationship Between Caring School Community Program Implementation and Elementary Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Into the Fray of Great TV. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackenzie 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mackenzie 2000; Gunn and Joiner 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gunn and Joiner 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Miner.
ISSN (print)0342-1791
ISSN (online)1432-2021
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Materials Science

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