How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strasser P (2015) CHEMISTRY. Catalysts by Platonic design. Science 349:379–380
A journal article with 2 authors
DeSimone DW, Horwitz AR (2014) Cell Biology. Many modes of motility. Science 345:1002–1003
A journal article with 3 authors
den Boer SPA, Baer B, Boomsma JJ (2010) Seminal fluid mediates ejaculate competition in social insects. Science 327:1506–1509
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Crockett MJ, Clark L, Tabibnia G, et al (2008) Serotonin modulates behavioral reactions to unfairness. Science 320:1739

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear B, Banks D, Clark L (2006) Water Wells and Boreholes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Au M-H, Miyaji A (eds) (2015) Provable Security: 9th International Conference, ProvSec 2015, Kanazawa, Japan, November 24-26, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Mishra PK, Singh K, Baruntar S (2012) ID-Based Threshold Signcryption and Group Unsigncryption. In: Thampi SM, Zomaya AY, Strufe T, et al. (eds) Recent Trends in Computer Networks and Distributed Systems Security: International Conference, SNDS 2012, Trivandrum, India, October 11-12, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Western Consumption Linked To Over 100,000 Pollution-Related Premature Deaths Worldwide. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Student Attrition at the Five Federal Service Academies. Enclosure B: U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro R (2012) Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1994) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strasser 2015).
This sentence cites two references (DeSimone and Horwitz 2014; Strasser 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeSimone and Horwitz 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Crockett et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Miner.
ISSN (print)0342-1791
ISSN (online)1432-2021
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Materials Science

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