How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yoho R (2015) How science fairs shaped my career. Science 349:1578
A journal article with 2 authors
Schindler CS, Jacobsen EN (2013) Chemistry. A new twist on cooperative catalysis. Science 340:1052–1053
A journal article with 3 authors
Jakosky BM, Haberle RM, Arvidson RE (2005) Planetary science. The changing picture of volatiles and climate on Mars. Science 310:1439–1440
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bertagnolli LN, White JA, Simonetti FR, et al (2018) The role of CD32 during HIV-1 infection. Nature 561:E17–E19

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
bauforumstahl e.V. (2011) Beispiele zur Bemessung von Stahltragwerken nach DIN EN 1993 Eurocode 3. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Zhou Q (2013) Network Robustness under Large-Scale Attacks. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Raoprasert T, Islam SMN (2010) Preliminary Data Analysis and Results: Descriptive Statistics and Reliability Tests. In: Islam SMN (ed) Designing an Efficient Management System: Modeling of Convergence Factors Exemplified by the Case of Japanese Businesses in Thailand. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 95–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Minerals.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) King Penguins Adversely Affected By Climate Extremes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Gulf War Illnesses: DOD’s Conclusions About U.S. Troops’ Exposure Cannot Be Adequately Supported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ruettgers MM (2013) A Content Analysis to Investigate the Evidence of 21st Century Knowledge and Skills within Elementary Teacher Education Programs in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) What Will Service Work Look Like Under Amazon? New York Times MM16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yoho 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schindler and Jacobsen 2013; Yoho 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schindler and Jacobsen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bertagnolli et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Miner.
ISSN (print)0342-1791
ISSN (online)1432-2021
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Materials Science

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