How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stivers, J. T.: Comment on “Uracil DNA glycosylase activity is dispensable for immunoglobulin class switch,” Science, 306(5704), 2042; author reply 2042, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padilla, A. and Gibson, I.: Science moves to centre stage, Nature, 403(6768), 357–359, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fonseca, P. J., Münch, D. and Hennig, R. M.: How cicadas interpret acoustic signals, Nature, 405(6784), 297–298, 2000.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Huh, W.-K., Falvo, J. V., Gerke, L. C., Carroll, A. S., Howson, R. W., Weissman, J. S. and O’Shea, E. K.: Global analysis of protein localization in budding yeast, Nature, 425(6959), 686–691, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, M. A. and Kalal, T. T.: Improving Product Reliability, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2005.
An edited book
Soille, P., Pesaresi, M. and Ouzounis, G. K., Eds.: Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Buades, J. M., González-Hidalgo, M., Perales, F. J., Ramis-Guarinos, S., Oliver, A. and Montiel, E.: A Fast Geometric Deformation Method to Adapt a Foot to a Platform, in Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications, edited by M. González Hidalgo, A. Mir Torres, and J. Varona Gómez, pp. 121–143, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Orbital Antares Rocket Lifts Off Two Years After Disastrous Explosion, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of Yolo County, California, Economic Opportunity Commission Concerning Matters Affecting Local Poverty Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, K.: Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., Hale, M. and Genzlinger, N.: O.J., Soviet Spies and a Talking Horse, New York Times, 5th December, AR20, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stivers, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Padilla and Gibson, 2000; Stivers, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Padilla and Gibson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Huh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics Discussions
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn. Discuss.
ISSN (online)2196-6338

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