How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, W.: Applied physics. The power to set you free, Science, 317, 55–56, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Price, D. J. and Rosswog, S.: Producing ultrastrong magnetic fields in neutron star mergers, Science, 312, 719–722, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Q., Clark, M. S., and Palmiter, R. D.: Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite, Nature, 483, 594–597, 2012.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Corces, M. R., Granja, J. M., Shams, S., Louie, B. H., Seoane, J. A., Zhou, W., Silva, T. C., Groeneveld, C., Wong, C. K., Cho, S. W., Satpathy, A. T., Mumbach, M. R., Hoadley, K. A., Robertson, A. G., Sheffield, N. C., Felau, I., Castro, M. A. A., Berman, B. P., Staudt, L. M., Zenklusen, J. C., Laird, P. W., Curtis, C., Cancer Genome Atlas Analysis Network, Greenleaf, W. J., and Chang, H. Y.: The chromatin accessibility landscape of primary human cancers, Science, 362, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D. P.: Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 1 Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01, Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628, 2011.
An edited book
Avison, D., Elliot, S., Krogstie, J., and Pries-Heje, J. (Eds.): The Past and Future of Information Systems: 1976–2006 and Beyond: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-8, Information System Stream, August 21–23, 2006, Santiago, Chile, Springer US, Boston, MA, XVIII, 254 p. 40 illus pp., 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebrahimi, M. and Daneshtalab, M.: Learning-Based Routing Algorithms for On-Chip Networks, in: Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip, edited by: Palesi, M. and Daneshtalab, M., Springer, New York, NY, 105–125, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions.

Blog post
Highly Efficient And Ultra-Cheap Perovskite Solar Cells Announced:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Service Modernization: ACE Poses Risks and Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moble, B.: Fundamental understanding of the cycloidal-rotor concept for micro air vehicle applications, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K.: World Briefing | Europe: Russia: No Choosing Alphabets, New York Times, 17th November, A6, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Stewart, 2007; Price and Rosswog, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Price and Rosswog, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Corces et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics Discussions
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn. Discuss.
ISSN (online)2196-6338

Other styles