How to format your references using the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, R. J. Dwayne. 2014. “Femtosecond Crystallography with Ultrabright Electrons and X-Rays: Capturing Chemistry in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6175): 1108–1116.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balskus, Emily P., and Eric N. Jacobsen. 2007. “Asymmetric Catalysis of the Transannular Diels-Alder Reaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5845): 1736–1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bennett, Vickie C., Alan D. Brandon, and Allen P. Nutman. 2007. “Coupled 142Nd-143Nd Isotopic Evidence for Hadean Mantle Dynamics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5858): 1907–1910.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Yinan, Nicholas Stokes, Baohua Jia, Shanhui Fan, and Min Gu. 2014. “Towards Ultra-Thin Plasmonic Silicon Wafer Solar Cells with Minimized Efficiency Loss.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, Vanessa, Zeting Liu, and Dimitri Uzunidis. 2015. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manimala, Mathew J., and Kishinchand Poornima Wasdani, eds. 2015. Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Lacruz, César R., Javier Sáenz de Santamaría, and Ricardo H. Bardales. 2014. “Normal Brain and Gliosis.” In Central Nervous System Intraoperative Cytopathology, edited by Javier Saénz de Santamaría and Ricardo H. Bardales, 45–56. Essentials in Cytopathology. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Do We Get Hangovers?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Gas Pipeline Safety: Guidance and More Information Needed before Using Risk-Based Reassessment Intervals. GAO-13-577. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuknis, Christina Marie. 2010. “A Grounded Theory of Deaf Middle School Students’ Revision of Their Own Writing.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. “NBCUniversal Buys TV Rights to ‘Harry Potter.’” New York Times, August 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Miller 2014; Balskus and Jacobsen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balskus and Jacobsen 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bennett, Brandon, and Nutman 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Education and Sport Pedagogy
AbbreviationPhys. Educ. Sport Pedagogy
ISSN (print)1740-8989
ISSN (online)1742-5786
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles