How to format your references using the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John, P. 2001. “Applied Physics. Toward Diamond Lasers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5523): 1847–1848.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brookmeyer, Ron, and Natalie Blades. 2002. “Prevention of Inhalational Anthrax in the U.S. Outbreak.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5561): 1861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vannucchi, Paola, Francesca Remitti, and Giuseppe Bettelli. 2008. “Geological Record of Fluid Flow and Seismogenesis along an Erosive Subducting Plate Boundary.” Nature 451 (7179): 699–703.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rad, Roland, Lena Rad, Wei Wang, Juan Cadinanos, George Vassiliou, Stephen Rice, Lia S. Campos, et al. 2010. “PiggyBac Transposon Mutagenesis: A Tool for Cancer Gene Discovery in Mice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6007): 1104–1107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, Robert A. 2011. Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics. Methods of Biochemical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morrell, Jonathan, and Mark J. Jackson, eds. 2009. Machining with Nanomaterials. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhn, Max, and Kjell Johnson. 2013. “Over-Fitting and Model Tuning.” In Applied Predictive Modeling, edited by Kjell Johnson, 61–92. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Lava Explosion Triggered By Collapse Of Hawaiian Volcano Wall.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Need for Improved Management and Increased Sharing of Computer Resources at the San Antonio Data Services Center. FGMSD-80-82. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wasserman, Melissa M. 2017. “Psychological Symptoms, Family Functioning, and Religious Coping in Second- and Third-Generation Holocaust Survivors.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2017. “As Players Pull Out, Criticism Floods In.” New York Times, July 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (John 2001).
This sentence cites two references (John 2001; Brookmeyer and Blades 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brookmeyer and Blades 2002)
  • Three authors: (Vannucchi, Remitti, and Bettelli 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rad et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Education and Sport Pedagogy
AbbreviationPhys. Educ. Sport Pedagogy
ISSN (print)1740-8989
ISSN (online)1742-5786
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles