How to format your references using the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, Gregory. 2015. “Astronomy: A Mars-Sized Exoplanet.” Nature 522 (7556): 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanguinetti, Michael C., and Martin Tristani-Firouzi. 2006. “HERG Potassium Channels and Cardiac Arrhythmia.” Nature 440 (7083): 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bridgham, Jamie T., Eric A. Ortlund, and Joseph W. Thornton. 2009. “An Epistatic Ratchet Constrains the Direction of Glucocorticoid Receptor Evolution.” Nature 461 (7263): 515–519.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abzhanov, Arhat, Meredith Protas, B. Rosemary Grant, Peter R. Grant, and Clifford J. Tabin. 2004. “Bmp4 and Morphological Variation of Beaks in Darwin’s Finches.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5689): 1462–1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitton, Gabriel. 2014. Microbiology of Drinking Water. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Canbay, Emel. 2015. Peritoneal Surface Malignancies: A Curative Approach. Edited by Yutaka Yonemura. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenberg, Zvi, and Erez Dekel. 2016. “Eroding Penetrators.” In Terminal Ballistics, edited by Erez Dekel, 183–235. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Adidas Create a Shoe Made Almost Entirely From Ocean Garbage.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on Media Ownership. GAO-08-330R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anthony, Peter John. 2008. “Determining Courses of Action for Educational Leaders to Achieve Adequate Yearly Progress.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2016. “Tennis Star Is Stabbed in Invasion of Home.” New York Times, December 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laughlin 2015; Sanguinetti and Tristani-Firouzi 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanguinetti and Tristani-Firouzi 2006)
  • Three authors: (Bridgham, Ortlund, and Thornton 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Abzhanov et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Education and Sport Pedagogy
AbbreviationPhys. Educ. Sport Pedagogy
ISSN (print)1740-8989
ISSN (online)1742-5786
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles