How to format your references using the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collinge, John. 2012. “Cell Biology. The Risk of Prion Zoonoses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6067): 411–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sandeep, S., and R. S. Ajayamohan. 2014. “Origin of Cold Bias over the Arabian Sea in Climate Models.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehebauer, Matthias, Penelope Hayward, and Alfonso Martinez Arias. 2006. “Notch, a Universal Arbiter of Cell Fate Decisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5804): 1414–1415.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ma, Dengke K., Mi-Hyeon Jang, Junjie U. Guo, Yasuji Kitabatake, Min-Lin Chang, Nattapol Pow-Anpongkul, Richard A. Flavell, Binfeng Lu, Guo-Li Ming, and Hongjun Song. 2009. “Neuronal Activity-Induced Gadd45b Promotes Epigenetic DNA Demethylation and Adult Neurogenesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5917): 1074–1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borisenko, Victor E., and Stefano Ossicini. 2012. What Is What in the Nanoworld. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Nierengarten, Jean-François, ed. 2014. Fullerenes and Other Carbon-Rich Nanostructures. Vol. 159. Structure and Bonding. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ball, Joseph A., Gilbert Groenewald, and Tanit Malakorn. 2006. “Conservative Structured Noncommutative Multidimensional Linear Systems.” In The State Space Method Generalizations and Applications, edited by Daniel Alpay and Israel Gohberg, 179–223. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Interactive Maps Show The Devastating Effects Of Dropping Nuclear Bombs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. B-2 Bomber: Comparison of Operational Capabilities and Support Costs for 15 Versus 20 Aircraft. NSIAD-93-209. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, Andrew G. 2009. “Large Margin Transformation Learning.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2005. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Foreign Interference Condemned.” New York Times, July 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collinge 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collinge 2012; Sandeep and Ajayamohan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sandeep and Ajayamohan 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ehebauer, Hayward, and Arias 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ma et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Education and Sport Pedagogy
AbbreviationPhys. Educ. Sport Pedagogy
ISSN (print)1740-8989
ISSN (online)1742-5786
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles