How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A. B. 2003. Paleontology. Making the best of a patchy fossil record. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starace, D. M. and F. Bezanilla. 2004. A proton pore in a potassium channel voltage sensor reveals a focused electric field. Nature 427: 548–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rompolas, P., K. R. Mesa, and V. Greco. 2013. Spatial organization within a niche as a determinant of stem-cell fate. Nature 502: 513–518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quattrocchi, C. C., C. Huang, S. Niu, M. Sheldon, D. Benhayon, J. Cartwright Jr, D. R. Mosier, F. Keller, and G. D’Arcangelo. 2003. Reelin promotes peripheral synapse elimination and maturation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 649–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, V., Z. Liu, and D. Uzunidis. 2015. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. Hoboken, NJ. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, R. (ed.). 2013. Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing. Heidelberg. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashyralyev, A. and F. Çekiç. 2016. On Source Identification Problem for Telegraph Differential Equations. Pp. 39–50 in S. Pinelas, Z. Došlá, O. Došlý, and P.E. Kloeden (eds.), Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions. Cham. Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017.Why Women Are More Likely To Get Asthma Than Men.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Improvements Needed in the Department of Energy’s Efforts To Develop a Financial Reporting System. EMD-78-95. EMD-78-95 Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anaya, S. 2009. Animo clinician training program for detection and treatment of depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression in low income Latina women a grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFRANIERE, S., D. Porat, and A. Armendariz. 2016. Unending but Unheard, the Echo of Gun Violence. New York Times, May 22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2010; Giessibl 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starace and Bezanilla 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Akhter et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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