How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, G. 2000. Total internal reflection. Nature 403: 707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, J. J. and P. Testa. 2005. The “solar model problem” solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars. Nature 436: 525–528.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tibi, R., D. A. Wiens, and H. Inoue. 2003. Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences. Nature 424: 921–925.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wendeln, A.-C., K. Degenhardt, L. Kaurani, M. Gertig, T. Ulas, G. Jain, J. Wagner, L. M. Häsler, K. Wild, A. Skodras, T. Blank, O. Staszewski, M. Datta, T. P. Centeno, V. Capece, M. R. Islam, C. Kerimoglu, M. Staufenbiel, J. L. Schultze, M. Beyer, M. Prinz, M. Jucker, A. Fischer, and J. J. Neher. 2018. Innate immune memory in the brain shapes neurological disease hallmarks. Nature 556: 332–338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.G. Upton, G. 2016. Categorical Data Analysis by Example. Hoboken, NJ. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cole, P. H. and D. C. Ranasinghe (eds.). 2008. Networked RFID Systems and Lightweight Cryptography: Raising Barriers to Product Counterfeiting. First edition. Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Mello, S. and A. Graesser. 2006. Affect Detection from Human-Computer Dialogue with an Intelligent Tutoring System. Pp. 54–67 in J. Gratch, M. Young, R. Aylett, D. Ballin, and P. Olivier (eds.), Intelligent Virtual Agents: 6th International Conference, IVA 2006, Marina Del Rey, CA, USA, August 21-23, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016.Can Money Buy You Happiness? It’s Complicated.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan. GAO-06-863T. GAO-06-863T Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer, C. D. 2013. School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2006. School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal. New York Times, October 21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jones 2000; Drake and Testa 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drake and Testa 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wendeln et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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