How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N. 2009. Systems biology: Untangling the protein web. Nature 460: 415–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao, J.-Q. and F. Nori. 2014. Single-photon quadratic optomechanics. Scientific reports 4: 6302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leizerson, I., S. G. Lipson, and A. V. Lyushnin. 2003. Wetting properties: When larger drops evaporate faster. Nature 422: 395–396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vlad, A., N. Singh, J. Rolland, S. Melinte, P. M. Ajayan, and J.-F. Gohy. 2014. Hybrid supercapacitor-battery materials for fast electrochemical charge storage. Scientific reports 4: 4315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen, S., S. Pedersen-Bjergaard, and K. Rasmussen. 2011. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. Chichester, UK. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Childs, L. N. (ed.). 2009. A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra. New York, NY. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Enderling, H. 2013. Cancer Stem Cells and Tumor Dormancy. Pp. 55–71 in H. Enderling, N. Almog, and L. Hlatky (eds.), Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy. New York, NY. Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014.How to Hear Through Soundproof Glass With A Potato Chip Bag.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Student Athletes: Most Schools Meet Proposed Academic Performance Reporting Requirements. HRD-89-157BR. HRD-89-157BR Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moretto, L. 2012. Exploring the Nature of the Relationship Between Decision-Driven Scenarios and Decision Confidence in High-Velocity Environments. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. 2017. Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts. New York Times, May 15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2009; Liao and Nori 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liao and Nori 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vlad et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

Other styles