How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, K. 2015. Vernon B. Mountcastle (1918-2015). Nature 518: 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutchinson, J. R. and M. Garcia. 2002. Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature 415: 1018–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dickinson, D. J., W. J. Nelson, and W. I. Weis. 2011. A polarized epithelium organized by beta- and alpha-catenin predates cadherin and metazoan origins. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331: 1336–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Ruiter, P. C., V. Wolters, J. C. Moore, and K. O. Winemiller. 2005. Ecology. Food web ecology: playing Jenga and beyond. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spotte, S. 2016. Tarpons. Chichester, UK. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schmalz, G. 2009. Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. D. Arenholt-Bindslev (ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Church, J. M. 2015. Norms, Rules and Sustainable Planning: Who Said What About Norms. Pp. 55–62 in F. Mancebo and I. Sachs (eds.), Transitions to Sustainability. Dordrecht. Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014.Humpback Teamwork Caught on Camera.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Weather Satellites: User Views on the Consequences of Eliminating a Civilian Polar Orbiter. RCED-86-111. RCED-86-111 Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox, C. E. 2012. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ginsburg, R. B. 2016. R.B.G.’s Advice for Living. New York Times, October 1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hutchinson and Garcia 2002; Martin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutchinson and Garcia 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (de Ruiter et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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