How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maynard, H. 2015. Chemical biology: Protein modification in a trice. Nature 526: 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa, N. and J. Mima. 2014. Multiple and distinct strategies of yeast SNAREs to confer the specificity of membrane fusion. Scientific reports 4: 4277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melcák, I., A. Hoelz, and G. Blobel. 2007. Structure of Nup58/45 suggests flexible nuclear pore diameter by intermolecular sliding. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1729–1732.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mintzes, J. J., A. Canas, J. Coffey, J. Gorman, L. Gurley, R. Hoffman, S. Y. McGuire, N. Miller, B. Moon, J. Trifone, and J. H. Wandersee. 2011. Comment on “Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 453; author reply 453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze, R. S., E. S. Strock, R. M. Bergenstal, A. Criego, R. Cuddihy, O. Langer, G. D. Simonson, and M. A. Powers. 2011. Staged Diabetes Management. Oxford, UK. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Daradoumis, T., S. Caballé, J. M. Marquès, and F. Xhafa (eds.). 2009. Intelligent Collaborative e-Learning Systems and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, C. H. and J.-J. Quisquater. 2008. New Differential Fault Analysis on AES Key Schedule: Two Faults Are Enough. Pp. 48–60 in G. Grimaud and F.-X. Standaert (eds.), Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 8th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2008, London, UK, September 8-11, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.People Near Fracking Wells Show Higher Hospitalization Rates.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Revisions Needed in Financial Management Policies of the Federal Government’s Automatic Data Processing Fund. B-115369. B-115369 Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C. J. 2012. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. 2015. Puerto Rico Electric Utility Is Said to Be Near Debt Deal. New York Times, September 2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maynard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Furukawa and Mima 2014; Maynard 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa and Mima 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mintzes et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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