How to format your references using the Phyllomedusa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phyllomedusa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, S. T. 2009. History of science. Alexander von Humboldt and the general physics of the Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324: 596–597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menand, T. and S. R. Tait. 2001. A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature 411: 678–680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, M., L. Kong, and H. Qu. 2014. A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Scientific reports 4: 4176.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fadó, R., R. S. Moubarak, A. J. Miñano-Molina, B. Barneda-Zahonero, J. Valero, C. A. Saura, J. Moran, J. X. Comella, and J. Rodríguez-Álvarez. 2013. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein negatively regulates neuronal differentiation through interaction with cRAF and Trk. Scientific reports 3: 2397.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris, A. 2004. Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables. Hoboken, NJ. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gudehus, T. 2012. Comprehensive Logistics. H. Kotzab (ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clark, J. P. and N. C. Lau. 2014. Piwi Proteins and piRNAs Step onto the Systems Biology Stage. Pp. 159–197 in G.W. Yeo (ed.), Systems Biology of RNA Binding Proteins. New York, NY. Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phyllomedusa.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017.“Cuddle Hormone” May Help Chimpanzees Wage War.IFLScience.Accessible at on30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Commuter Rail Service in Wisconsin and Illinois. RCED-97-29R. RCED-97-29R Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, B. K. 2017. Hyperboloid-Parameterized Description of Diffusive Superconducting-Magnetic Hybrid Systems. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2006. Grants Will Aid First-Time Home Buyers. New York Times, October 1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Menand and Tait 2001; Jackson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menand and Tait 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fadó et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhyllomedusa
ISSN (print)1519-1397
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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