How to format your references using the Photosynthesis Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Photosynthesis Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta L (2010) Protein-protein interactions: Interactome under construction. Nature 468:851–854
A journal article with 2 authors
Simon R, Stahl Y (2006) Botany. Plant cells CLEave their way to differentiation. Science 313:773–774
A journal article with 3 authors
Tyler RH, Maus S, Lühr H (2003) Satellite observations of magnetic fields due to ocean tidal flow. Science 299:239–241
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li YB, Wan X, Cai BG, et al (2014) Frequency-controls of electromagnetic multi-beam scanning by metasurfaces. Sci Rep 4:6921

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson RJ, Groundwater PW, Todd A, Worsley AJ (2012) Antibacterial Agents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Apolloni B, Marinaro M, Tagliaferri R (eds) (2005) Biological and Artificial Intelligence Environments: 15th Italian Workshop on Neural Nets, WIRN VIETRI 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng J, Zhong X (2007) A Novel WiMAX Structure with Mesh Network. In: Krishnaswamy D, Pfeifer T, Raz D (eds) Real-Time Mobile Multimedia Services: 10th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2007, San José, USA, October 31 - November 2, 2007 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 50–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Photosynthesis Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Bizarre “Hybrid” Star Found. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Multiyear Authorizations for Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff AK (2010) Evaluating summer school programs and the effect on student achievement: The correlation between Stanford-10 standardized test scores and two different summer programs. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) The ‘Oldest Old’ Brave Another Year. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Simon and Stahl 2006; Bonetta 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simon and Stahl 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhotosynthesis Research
AbbreviationPhotosynth. Res.
ISSN (print)0166-8595
ISSN (online)1573-5079
ScopePlant Science
Biochemistry
Cell Biology
General Medicine

Other styles