How to format your references using the Philippine Political Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philippine Political Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, Scott A. 2014. “Surface Science. Stability at the Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6214): 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoneburner, Rand L., and Daniel Low-Beer. 2004. “Population-Level HIV Declines and Behavioral Risk Avoidance in Uganda.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5671): 714–718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlseder, Jan, Agata Smogorzewska, and Titia de Lange. 2002. “Senescence Induced by Altered Telomere State, Not Telomere Loss.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5564): 2446–2449.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kupperman, E., S. An, N. Osborne, S. Waldron, and D. Y. Stainier. 2000. “A Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor Regulates Cell Migration during Vertebrate Heart Development.” Nature 406 (6792): 192–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McKean, John. 2014. Customer’s New Voice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hsu, Ching-Hsien, Laurence T. Yang, Jong Hyuk Park, and Sang-Soo Yeo, eds. 2010. Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Workshops, Part II. Vol. 6082. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abraham, Ittai, and Shiri Chechik. 2014. “Distance Labels with Optimal Local Stretch.” In Automata, Languages, and Programming: 41st International Colloquium, ICALP 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 8-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, edited by Javier Esparza, Pierre Fraigniaud, Thore Husfeldt, and Elias Koutsoupias, 52–63. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philippine Political Science Journal.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Boaty McBoatface Will NOT Be The Name Of This New Polar Research Ship.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Information Technology: Enterprise Architecture Use Across the Federal Government Can Be Improved. GAO-02-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puebla, Ruben Alexander. 2014. “The Avant-Garde Tuba: Analysis and Comparisons of Interpretations of William Kraft’s Encounters II for Unaccompanied Tuba.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 1995. “Mighty Joe Mishbooker.” New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers 2014; Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004)
  • Three authors: (Karlseder, Smogorzewska, and de Lange 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kupperman et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilippine Political Science Journal
AbbreviationPhilipp. Polit. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0115-4451
ISSN (online)2165-025X
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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