How to format your references using the Philippine Political Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philippine Political Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binder, P-M. 2008. “Mathematics. Frustration in Complexity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5874): 322–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldfine, Howard, and Dennis E. Vance. 2001. “Obituary: Konrad E. Bloch (1912-2000).” Nature 409 (6822): 779.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorne, Steve H., Robert S. Negrin, and Christopher H. Contag. 2006. “Synergistic Antitumor Effects of Immune Cell-Viral Biotherapy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5768): 1780–1784.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Quan, Bo, Seung-Ho Yu, Dong Young Chung, Aihua Jin, Ji Hyun Park, Yung-Eun Sung, and Yuanzhe Piao. 2014. “Single Source Precursor-Based Solvothermal Synthesis of Heteroatom-Doped Graphene and Its Energy Storage and Conversion Applications.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, Roger L. 2005. Telecommunication System Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ismail, Mourad E. H., and Erik Koelink, eds. 2005. Theory and Applications of Special Functions: A Volume Dedicated to Mizan Rahman. Vol. 13. Developments in Mathematics. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Burriss, Elise T., Gursel Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, and Scott McGovern. 2011. “Modelling and Performance Enhancement of a Linear Actuation Mechanism Using Conducting Polymers.” In Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics: Revised and Selected Papers from the International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics 2009, edited by Juan Andrade Cetto, Joaquim Filipe, and Jean-Louis Ferrier, 63–78. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philippine Political Science Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Health Check: Is Man Flu Real?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. DOT Airline Industry Oversight. T-RCED-88-36. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beverley, Dawnet. 2014. “Golf as a Tool for Executive Leadership Development.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton, Mary Beth. 2013. “A House of Her Own.” New York Times, October 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binder 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Binder 2008; Goldfine and Vance 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldfine and Vance 2001)
  • Three authors: (Thorne, Negrin, and Contag 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Quan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilippine Political Science Journal
AbbreviationPhilipp. Polit. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0115-4451
ISSN (online)2165-025X
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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