How to format your references using the Philippine Political Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philippine Political Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, John. 2007. “Science Careers. From Greener Production to Carbon Trading: Sustainable Energy Careers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5813): 868–869.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiner, Howard L., and Dennis J. Selkoe. 2002. “Inflammation and Therapeutic Vaccination in CNS Diseases.” Nature 420 (6917): 879–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorpe, S. K. S., R. L. Holder, and R. H. Crompton. 2007. “Origin of Human Bipedalism as an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5829): 1328–1331.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cortázar, Daniel, Christophe Kunz, Jim Selfridge, Teresa Lettieri, Yusuke Saito, Eilidh MacDougall, Annika Wirz, et al. 2011. “Embryonic Lethal Phenotype Reveals a Function of TDG in Maintaining Epigenetic Stability.” Nature 470 (7334): 419–423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah, R. S. 2011. Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lee, Donghoon, and Seokhie Hong, eds. 2010. Information, Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2009: 12th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 2-4, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 5984. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Corbetta, Simone, and William Fornaciari. 2013. “Exploiting Thermal Coupling Information in MPSoC Dynamic Thermal Management.” In Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Hana Kubátová, Christian Hochberger, Martin Daněk, and Bernhard Sick, 50–61. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philippine Political Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Conservationist To Fly Thousands Of Kilometers Alongside Migrating Swans On Epic Journey.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Bureau of Prisons’ Year 2000 Efforts. AIMD-99-23. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini, Alyssa Marie. 2010. “Neurogenesis in the Adult Hippocampus: Modulation of Stem Cell Fate by Experience.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2006. “Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile.” New York Times, December 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Farokhzad 2015; Macilwain 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiner and Selkoe 2002)
  • Three authors: (Thorpe, Holder, and Crompton 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wolfe et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilippine Political Science Journal
AbbreviationPhilipp. Polit. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0115-4451
ISSN (online)2165-025X
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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