How to format your references using the Pharmacy Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacy Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, How to make it in Moscow, Nature. 448 (2007) 983.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Tozer, X. Morin, Neuroscience. Young neurons sever ties to the parental niche, Science. 343 (2014) 146–147.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Nielsen, E. Westhof, S. Johansen, An mRNA is capped by a 2’, 5’ lariat catalyzed by a group I-like ribozyme, Science. 309 (2005) 1584–1587.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Wei, E. McLeod, H. Qi, Z. Wan, R. Sun, A. Ozcan, On-chip cytometry using plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced lensfree holography, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Feyel, Loop-shaping Robust Control, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
M. Ah-King, ed., Challenging Popular Myths of Sex, Gender and Biology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Wang, H. Li, Z. Xia, Chlamydia pneumoniae Pneumonia, in: H. Li (Ed.), Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 2, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015: pp. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacy Today.

Blog post
J. Fang, New Species Of Terror Bird Discovered in Argentina, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Security Administration’s Suspension of the Butane Lighter Ban Onboard Commercial Aircraft, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.O. Kidder, Self-administered HPV Testing as a Cervical Cancer Screening Option: Exploring the Perspectives of Hispanic and Arab Women in the United States, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, Bees Are Good at Grooming. It’s All in the Hair, New York Times. (2017) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacy Today
ISSN (print)1042-0991

Other styles