How to format your references using the Academic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goroff NS. Chemistry.A clear path for polymer crystallization. Science. 2014;343(6168):258-259.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sakaba T, Neher E. Direct modulation of synaptic vesicle priming by GABA(B) receptor activation at a glutamatergic synapse. Nature. 2003;424(6950):775-778.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pfeifer R, Lungarella M, Iida F. Self-organization, embodiment, and biologically inspired robotics. Science. 2007;318(5853):1088-1093.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Harrison TM, Blichert-Toft J, Müller W, Albarede F, Holden P, Mojzsis SJ. Heterogeneous Hadean hafnium: evidence of continental crust at 4.4 to 4.5 ga. Science. 2005;310(5756):1947-1950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hoschette JA. The Engineer’s Career Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Asea AAA, Kaur P, Calderwood SK, eds. Heat Shock Proteins and Plants. Vol 10. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kaliszewski I, Miroforidis J. Multiple Criteria Decision Making: Efficient Outcome Assessments with Evolutionary Optimization. In: Shi Y, Wang S, Peng Y, Li J, Zeng Y, eds. Cutting-Edge Research Topics on Multiple Criteria Decision Making: 20th International Conference, MCDM 2009, Chengdu/Jiuzhaigou, China, June 21-26, 2009. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2009:25-28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. A New AI Called Nightmare Machine Has Just Opened Up A Portal To Hell. IFLScience. Published November 10, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-ai-called-nightmare-machine-opened-portal-hell/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Treasury Financial Communications System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Felder Derkacs AD. The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices to Decide When Victims’ Transcripts Can Be Used. New York Times. November 1, 2005:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Medicine
AbbreviationAcad. Med.
ISSN (print)1040-2446
ISSN (online)1938-808X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Education

Other styles