How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schroeder T. Imaging stem-cell-driven regeneration in mammals. Nature 2008;453(7193):345–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Johnston RJ Jr, Desplan C. Interchromosomal communication coordinates intrinsically stochastic expression between alleles. Science 2014;343(6171):661–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dunn EW, Aknin LB, Norton MI. Spending money on others promotes happiness. Science 2008;319(5870):1687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li GS, Qu JJ, Li XZ, Wang WF. The sand-deposition impact of artificial gravel beds on the protection of the Mogao Grottoes. Sci Rep 2014;4:4341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stolarski TA, Tobe S. Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
1.
Shah N, Sandhu H, Choi DS, Chokshi H, Malick AW, editors. Amorphous Solid Dispersions: Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kikuchi S. Architectural Design of a Compensation Mechanism for Long Lived Transactions. In: Madaan A, Kikuchi S, Bhalla S, editors. Databases in Networked Information Systems: 8th International Workshop, DNIS 2013, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, March 25-27, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. page 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Magazine.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Research Reveals How New Brain Cells Are Born [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/research-reveals-new-brain-cells-born/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of the High Speed Antiradiation Missile Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Norris EL. A depth psychological view of the Christian myth: C. G. Jung, Elizabeth Boyden Howes, and the Guild for Psychological Studies. 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says. New York Times2000;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Magazine
AbbreviationPharmacogn. Mag.
ISSN (print)0973-1296
ISSN (online)0976-4062
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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