How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benner SA. Synthetic biology: Act natural. Nature 2003;421(6919):118.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
State MW, Šestan N. Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science 2012;337(6100):1301–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Terry LJ, Shows EB, Wente SR. Crossing the nuclear envelope: hierarchical regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport. Science 2007;318(5855):1412–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Deconto RM, Pollard D, Wilson PA, Pälike H, Lear CH, Pagani M. Thresholds for Cenozoic bipolar glaciation. Nature 2008;455(7213):652–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Davison M. Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Zollner T, Renz H, Asadullah K, editors. Animal Models of T Cell-Mediated Skin Diseases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
the GES DAAC Hydrology Data Support Team, Vicente GA. Global Satellite Datasets: Data Availability for Scientists and Operational Users. In: Levizzani V, Bauer P, Turk FJ, editors. Measuring Precipitation From Space: EURAINSAT and the Future. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. page 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Magazine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Hidden World Discovered Buried Beneath Antarctica. IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nelson T. Project Motherhood: A Grant Proposal Project. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. With Cliburn Gone, Competition Tries to Adjust. New York Times2013;A23B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Magazine
AbbreviationPharmacogn. Mag.
ISSN (print)0973-1296
ISSN (online)0976-4062
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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