How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rocha EPC. Evolution. With a little help from prokaryotes. Science 2013;339(6124):1154–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Orton GS, Yanamandra-Fisher PA. Saturn’s temperature field from high-resolution middle-infrared imaging. Science 2005;307(5710):696–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Serganov A, Huang L, Patel DJ. Coenzyme recognition and gene regulation by a flavin mononucleotide riboswitch. Nature 2009;458(7235):233–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Johnson JB, Lees JM, Gerst A, Sahagian D, Varley N. Long-period earthquakes and co-eruptive dome inflation seen with particle image velocimetry. Nature 2008;456(7220):377–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cruz MG, Peters GW, Shevchenko PV. Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Rugini E, Baldoni L, Muleo R, Sebastiani L, editors. The Olive Tree Genome. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu Y, Chen H-D, Li Y-H, Gao X-H, Preedy VR. Antioxidants and skin: an overview. In: Preedy VR, editor. Handbook of diet, nutrition and the skin. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2012. page 68–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Magazine.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. UK Approves “3 Parent Baby” Technique. IFLScience2015;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Possible “Buy-In” by Garrett AiResearch. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cho Y. Chinese restaurant business and Taiwanese pentecostalism in Southern California. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J, Maheshwari S. With a ‘Roseanne’ Revival and the Backstreet Boys, ABC Mines the Past. New York Times2017;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Magazine
AbbreviationPharmacogn. Mag.
ISSN (print)0973-1296
ISSN (online)0976-4062
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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