How to format your references using the Petroleum Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon D. Immigrants help offset Canada’s brain-drain crisis. Nature. 2000 Jun 8;405(6787):604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Das S, Kumar A. Formation and post-formation dynamics of bacterial biofilm streamers as highly viscous liquid jets. Sci. Rep. 2014 Nov 20;4:7126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polat EO, Balcı O, Kocabas C. Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices. Sci. Rep. 2014 Oct 1;4:6484.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu Y, Zhang XH, Ebersole B, Ribnicky D, Wang ZQ. Bitter melon extract attenuating hepatic steatosis may be mediated by FGF21 and AMPK/Sirt1 signaling in mice. Sci. Rep. 2013 Nov 5;3:3142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D. A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Adams JE, editor. PIP Joint Fracture Dislocations: A Clinical Casebook. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Akbari CM. Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Peripheral Arterial Disease. In: Veves A, Giurini JM, LoGerfo FW, editors. The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012. p. 75–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Feasible Are Elon Musk’s Plans To Settle On Mars? A Planetary Scientist Explains. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Propriety of Payment of Transportation and Travel Expenses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Aug. Report No.: B-178790.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee M. Utilizing the Index of Learning Styles (ILS) in a technology-based publishing program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Referendum In Chechnya. New York Times. 2002 Oct 2;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Das and Kumar 2014; Spurgeon 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Das and Kumar 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Science
AbbreviationPet. Sci.
ISSN (print)1672-5107
ISSN (online)1995-8226
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Geology
Geophysics
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

Other styles