How to format your references using the Petroleum Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli A. Reinventing an industry. Nature. 2007 Jan 11;445(7124):138–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shao S, Hegde RS. Cell Biology. Local synthesis and disposal. Science. 2014 Nov 7;346(6210):701–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sheffield J, Wood EF, Roderick ML. Little change in global drought over the past 60 years. Nature. 2012 Nov 15;491(7424):435–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yanagisawa H, Davis EC, Starcher BC, Ouchi T, Yanagisawa M, Richardson JA, et al. Fibulin-5 is an elastin-binding protein essential for elastic fibre development in vivo. Nature. 2002 Jan 10;415(6868):168–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fryirs KA, Brierley GJ. Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Broersma H, Erlebach T, Friedetzky T, Paulusma D, editors. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 34th International Workshop, WG 2008, Durham, UK, June 30 – July 2, 2008. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu JS, Jiang B. Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics. In: Jiang R, Zhang X, Zhang MQ, editors. Basics of Bioinformatics: Lecture Notes of the Graduate Summer School on Bioinformatics of China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 101–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Science.

Blog post
Hale T. Scientists Finally Understand The 100-Year-Old Mystery Of This Sea Blob. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Difficulties in Comparing Annual Budgets for Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-99-120.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verkaik P. Enhancing networking protocols in widely deployed devices [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Jun 15;C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mandavilli 2007; Shao and Hegde 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shao and Hegde 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yanagisawa et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Science
AbbreviationPet. Sci.
ISSN (print)1672-5107
ISSN (online)1995-8226
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Geology
Geophysics
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

Other styles