How to format your references using the Petroleum Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rust J. Fossil record of mass moth migration. Nature. 2000 Jun 1;405(6786):530–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirkwood TB, Austad SN. Why do we age? Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):233–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe T, Náñez JE, Sasaki Y. Perceptual learning without perception. Nature. 2001 Oct 25;413(6858):844–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jepsen K, Solum D, Zhou T, McEvilly RJ, Kim H-J, Glass CK, et al. SMRT-mediated repression of an H3K27 demethylase in progression from neural stem cell to neuron. Nature. 2007 Nov 15;450(7168):415–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kandel HG. Verfahrenstechnische Methoden in der Wirkstoffherstellung. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Hovers E, Kuhn SL, editors. Transitions Before the Transition: Evolution and Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothe A. Tree Species Management and Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater: A Central European Perspective. In: Binkley D, Menyailo O, editors. Tree Species Effects on Soils: Implications for Global Change: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Trees and Soil Interactions, Implications to Global Climate Change August 2004 Krasnoyarsk, Russia. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Feasible Are Elon Musk’s Plans To Settle On Mars? A Planetary Scientist Explains. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Aug. Report No.: LCD-80-91.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero KA. Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. From Insider, a Comics Venture to Help Newcomers. New York Times. 2010 Jul 19;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rust 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kirkwood and Austad 2000; Rust 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirkwood and Austad 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jepsen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Science
AbbreviationPet. Sci.
ISSN (print)1672-5107
ISSN (online)1995-8226
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Geology
Geophysics
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

Other styles