How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, J.T., 2005. Regulation of X-chromosome counting by Tsix and Xite sequences. Science 309, 768–771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R.B., Hummer, G., 2009. Biochemistry. Unfolding the secrets of calmodulin. Science 323, 593–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duderstadt, K.E., Chuang, K., Berger, J.M., 2011. DNA stretching by bacterial initiators promotes replication origin opening. Nature 478, 209–213.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leitch, E.M., Kovac, J.M., Pryke, C., Carlstrom, J.E., Halverson, N.W., Holzapfel, W.L., Dragovan, M., Reddall, B., Sandberg, E.S., 2002. Measurement of polarization with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer. Nature 420, 763–771.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J.W., Howie, R.M., Semple, S., 2010. Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Erdmann, V.A., Barciszewski, J. (Eds.), 2012. From Nucleic Acids Sequences to Molecular Medicine, RNA Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rana, A.Q., Zumo, L.A., Sim, V., 2013. Tumours, in: Zumo, L.A., Sim, V. (Eds.), Neuroradiology in Clinical Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Comet Impacts May Have Produced The Building Blocks For Life On Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Food and Drug Administration’s Investigation of Defective Cardiac Pacemakers Recalled by the General Electric Company (No. MWD-75-71). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lund, B.C., 2017. Physiological response to cycling at different pedal rates during high intensity interval training (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2017. Following Amazon In the Hunt For a Home. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Best and Hummer, 2009; Lee, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best and Hummer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Leitch et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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