How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. Building Nordic networks. Nature 420, A3, A5, A7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, W., Nelson, N., 2005. Structural biology. Nature’s rotary electromotors. Science 308, 642–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylander, J., Duty, T., Delsing, P., 2005. Current measurement by real-time counting of single electrons. Nature 434, 361–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kroodsma, D.A., Mayorga, J., Hochberg, T., Miller, N.A., Boerder, K., Ferretti, F., Wilson, A., Bergman, B., White, T.D., Block, B.A., Woods, P., Sullivan, B., Costello, C., Worm, B., 2018. Response to Comment on “Tracking the global footprint of fisheries.” Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A., 2009. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Koubaa, A. (Ed.), 2016. Robot Operating System (ROS): The Complete Reference (Volume 1), 1st ed. 2016. ed, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cunnington, A., Patel, S., Lyall, H., 2010. Why Are Some Babies Still Being Infected with HIV in the UK?, in: Finn, A., Curtis, N., Pollard, A.J. (Eds.), Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VI, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Volcanic Vents Reveal Bleak Future For Oceans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Increased Federal Telecommunications System Use by Strengthened Control Over Commercial Toll Calls Could Reduce Costs (No. MASAD-82-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grayson, N., 2014. Development of a preliminary scale of counterproductive experiences in supervision: Attitudes of clinical psychology doctoral students (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M., 2014. At an 85-Year-Old Summer Retreat, a Makeover. New York Times LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Junge and Nelson, 2005; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge and Nelson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kroodsma et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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