How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Houghton, Meetings that changed the world: Madrid 1995: Diagnosing climate change, Nature. 455 (2008) 737–738.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.N. KewalRamani, J.M. Coffin, Virology. Weapons of mutational destruction, Science. 301 (2003) 923–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Leone, P.F. Ferrari, E. Palagi, Different yawns, different functions? Testing social hypotheses on spontaneous yawning in Theropithecus gelada, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.-W. Hsu, J. Schmidt, S. Kempf, F. Postberg, G. Moragas-Klostermeyer, M. Seiß, H. Hoffmann, M. Burton, S. Ye, W.S. Kurth, M. Horányi, N. Khawaja, F. Spahn, D. Schirdewahn, J. O’Donoghue, L. Moore, J. Cuzzi, G.H. Jones, R. Srama, In situ collection of dust grains falling from Saturn’s rings into its atmosphere, Science. 362 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Alladin, Integrative CBT for Anxiety Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
S. Dutta, A.D. Meyer, A. Jain, G. Richter, eds., The Information Society in an Enlarged Europe, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Schweitzer, Change of Mind-Set Following 9/11: The few that are already willing to Resort to Weapons of Mass Destruction, in: M.S. Green, J. Zenilman, D. Cohen, I. Wiser, R.D. Balicer (Eds.), Risk Assessment and Risk Communication Strategies in Bioterrorism Preparedness, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Driverless Cars Will Change The Way We Think Of Car Ownership, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Stuart, The Relationship Between Weather and Lunar Changes on Student Achievement and Measures School Districts Utilize to Combat Potential Impact, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, Desire to Aid Others Collides With Financial Need, New York Times. (2017) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles