How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, S.H., 2001. What is “dangerous” climate change? Nature 411, 17–19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grill, E., Christmann, A., 2007. Botany. A plant receptor with a big family. Science 315, 1676–1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worthylake, D.K., Rossman, K.L., Sondek, J., 2000. Crystal structure of Rac1 in complex with the guanine nucleotide exchange region of Tiam1. Nature 408, 682–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hao, C., Liu, Y., Chen, X., He, Y., Li, Q., Li, K.Y., Wang, Z., 2014. Electrowetting on liquid-infused film (EWOLF): complete reversibility and controlled droplet oscillation suppression for fast optical imaging. Sci. Rep. 4, 6846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T., 2016. Digital Electronics 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Goralski, G., 2010. Foundation Flash Catalyst. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
FitzGerald, D., Paulus, J., 2006. Unpitched Percussion Transcription, in: Klapuri, A., Davy, M. (Eds.), Signal Processing Methods for Music Transcription. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 131–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Black Holes Prevent Star Formation In Some Galaxies By Acting Like Thermostats [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Concurrent Development and Production of MK-12A Reentry Vehicle (No. PSAD-79-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bentley, K.J., 2016. Modern Public Market to Revitalize a Small Community (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Cubs Slugger Admits He May Cry Over His Unlikely Return to Action. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Grill and Christmann, 2007; Schneider, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grill and Christmann, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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