How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hvidberg, C.S., 2000. When Greenland ice melts. Nature 404, 551–552.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J., Kriegstein, A.R., 2015. A GABAergic projection from the zona incerta to cortex promotes cortical neuron development. Science 350, 554–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi, C.H., Hiromura, M., Usheva, A., 2003. Transcription factor IIB acetylates itself to regulate transcription. Nature 424, 965–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsubara, S., Ding, Q., Miyazaki, Y., Kuwahata, T., Tsukasa, K., Takao, S., 2013. mTOR plays critical roles in pancreatic cancer stem cells through specific and stemness-related functions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W., 2016. Species Conservation in Managed Habitats. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Inoue, M., Levy, M., Baryshev, A.V. (Eds.), 2013. Magnetophotonics: From Theory to Applications, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Koltay, P., Ducrée, J., Zengerle, R.D., 2006. Micro-Fluidic Platforms, in: Urban, G.A. (Ed.), BioMEMS, Microsystems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 139–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Stimulants In Dietary Supplements – When One Is Banned, Another Takes Its Place [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12 (No. 131721). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda, B., 2012. Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Loss to Nationals Brings Reminders of Early Season Demons. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hvidberg, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Kriegstein, 2015; Hvidberg, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Kriegstein, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsubara et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles