How to format your references using the Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T.V., 2005. Strength in numbers. Nature 436, 492–493.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjørnstad, O.N., Grenfell, B.T., 2001. Noisy clockwork: time series analysis of population fluctuations in animals. Science 293, 638–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mabe, S., Nagamune, T., Kawahara, M., 2014. Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Römer, P., Hahn, S., Jordan, T., Strauss, T., Bonas, U., Lahaye, T., 2007. Plant pathogen recognition mediated by promoter activation of the pepper Bs3 resistance gene. Science 318, 645–648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., Huang, P., 2017. Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Chu, Q.D., Gibbs, J.F., Zibari, G.B. (Eds.), 2015. Surgical Oncology: A Practical and Comprehensive Approach. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Skjerdal, T., 2016. Why the Arab Spring Never Came to Ethiopia, in: Mutsvairo, B. (Ed.), Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa: A Connected Continent. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Virus Uses Stolen DNA From Black Widow Spider Venom [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Competition Issues (No. GAO-07-1245T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gerhart, T., 2013. Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., 2017. Russia’s Villages, and Their Culture, Are ‘Melting Away.’ New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bjørnstad and Grenfell, 2001; Padma, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bjørnstad and Grenfell, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Römer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
AbbreviationPestic. Biochem. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0048-3575
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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