How to format your references using the European Actuarial Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Actuarial Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kleypas J (2015) Oceans. Invisible barriers to dispersal. Science 348:1086–1087
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Harpole WS, Tilman D (2007) Grassland species loss resulting from reduced niche dimension. Nature 446:791–793
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhao Z-F, Dai L-Q, Zheng Y-F (2013) Postcollisional mafic igneous rocks record crust-mantle interaction during continental deep subduction. Sci Rep 3:3413
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Barra A, Contucci P, Sandell R, Vernia C (2014) An analysis of a large dataset on immigrant integration in Spain. The statistical mechanics perspective on social action. Sci Rep 4:4174

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Keedwell E, Narayanan A (2005) Intelligent Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Ferry RJ Jr (2011) Management of Pediatric Obesity and Diabetes. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kelle S, Strobbe C, Zimmermann G (2014) A Showcase for Accessible Online Banking. In: Stephanidis C, Antona M (eds) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice: 8th International Conference, UAHCI 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Actuarial Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Zika Epidemic In Latin America Could End In Just Three Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Mitigate Risk of Major Disruptions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Herman RL (2008) Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Andrews M (2017) Venus Williams Investigated in Fatal Crash. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Actuarial Journal
AbbreviationEur. Actuar. J.
ISSN (print)2190-9733
ISSN (online)2190-9741
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles