How to format your references using the European Actuarial Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Actuarial Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ramakrishnan V (2011) Molecular biology. The eukaryotic ribosome. Science 331:681–682
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Johansson LC, Norberg UM (2000) Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature 407:582–583
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cabernard C, Prehoda KE, Doe CQ (2010) A spindle-independent cleavage furrow positioning pathway. Nature 467:91–94
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Arnold PL, Patel D, Wilson C, Love JB (2008) Reduction and selective oxo group silylation of the uranyl dication. Nature 451:315–317

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Conklin AR Jr (2005) Introduction to Soil Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Crowe AR (2010) Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ledger S, Vidovich L, O’Donoghue T (2014) Case Study One: Satu International School (SIS). In: Vidovich L, O’Donoghue T (eds) Global to Local Curriculum Policy Processes: The Enactment of the International Baccalaureate in Remote International Schools. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Actuarial Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) Wally The Whale’s Carcass Keeps Washing Up On California Beaches. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Financial Management Systems: Lack of Disciplined Process Puts Effective Implementation of Treasury’s Governmentwide Financial Report System at Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jahan M (2015) A policy to protect hoarders: An analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Miller M (2015) Gift Horse Gone. New York Times BR13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Actuarial Journal
AbbreviationEur. Actuar. J.
ISSN (print)2190-9733
ISSN (online)2190-9741
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles