How to format your references using the European Actuarial Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Actuarial Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
de Boer Y (2010) Copenhagen shows we need caution in Cancún. Nature 468:477
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lazio TJW, LaRosa TN (2005) Astronomy. At the heart of the Milky Way. Science 307:686–687
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kusumbe AP, Ramasamy SK, Adams RH (2014) Coupling of angiogenesis and osteogenesis by a specific vessel subtype in bone. Nature 507:323–328
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chai Q, Arndt JW, Dong M, et al (2006) Structural basis of cell surface receptor recognition by botulinum neurotoxin B. Nature 444:1096–1100

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Allen MW (2016) Michael Allen’s Guide to e-Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Tokunaga T, Ortega A (2008) Large-Scale Knowledge Resources. Construction and Application: Third International Conference on Large-Scale Knowledge Resources, LKR 2008, Tokyo, Japan, March 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Negrini P (2011) On a Definition of Total Stability for Continuous or Discrete Dynamical Systems. In: Salvadori L (ed) Stability Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 100–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Actuarial Journal.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Pair Of Infant Planets Spotted Forming Around A Young Star. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/pair-of-infant-planets-spotted-forming-around-a-young-star/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) ADP Systems: Concerns About the Acquisition Plan for DOD’s Composite Health Care System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pee G-Y (2008) Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2012) Wisely Stepping Aside In a Bombarded City. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Actuarial Journal
AbbreviationEur. Actuar. J.
ISSN (print)2190-9733
ISSN (online)2190-9741
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles