How to format your references using the Axiomathes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Axiomathes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell P (2001) Declaration of financial interests. Nature 412:751
A journal article with 2 authors
Larsen PL, Clarke CF (2002) Extension of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans by a diet lacking coenzyme Q. Science 295:120–123
A journal article with 3 authors
Downs JA, Nussenzweig MC, Nussenzweig A (2007) Chromatin dynamics and the preservation of genetic information. Nature 447:951–958
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Spitzer D, Risse B, Schnell F, et al (2014) Continuous engineering of nano-cocrystals for medical and energetic applications. Sci Rep 4:6575

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G, Levin B (2014) The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lipshultz LI, Pastuszak AW, Goldstein AT, et al (eds) (2016) Management of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Loonen RCGM (2015) Bio-inspired Adaptive Building Skins. In: Pacheco Torgal F, Labrincha JA, Diamanti MV, et al. (eds) Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 115–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Axiomathes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) In Pursuit Of Happiness: Why Some Pain Helps Us Feel Pleasure. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Federal Research: Small Business Involvement in Federal Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy AR (2010) Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney A, Lovett I, Pérez-Peña R (2015) Shooting Rampage Sows Terror in California. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell 2001; Larsen and Clarke 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Larsen and Clarke 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Spitzer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAxiomathes
ISSN (print)1122-1151
ISSN (online)1572-8390
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles