How to format your references using the Axiomathes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Axiomathes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould J (2015) Cannabis: 4 big questions. Nature 525:S18
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubenov EV, Siapas AG (2009) Hippocampal theta oscillations are travelling waves. Nature 459:534–539
A journal article with 3 authors
Chatterjee A, Mitrović M, Fortunato S (2013) Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis. Sci Rep 3:1049
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matsubayashi Y, Ogawa M, Morita A, Sakagami Y (2002) An LRR receptor kinase involved in perception of a peptide plant hormone, phytosulfokine. Science 296:1470–1472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire E (2011) Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Close J-P (ed) (2016) AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: The Invisible made Visible Phase 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Shen G, Zhang Y (2013) Power Consumption Constrained Task Scheduling Using Enhanced Genetic Algorithms. In: Khan SU, Kołodziej J, Li J, Zomaya AY (eds) Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 139–159

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Axiomathes.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Poorer Nations Are More Committed To Wildlife Conservation Than Richer Ones. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Weaknesses in National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Facilities Utilization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilbur LJ (2017) Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lubenov and Siapas 2009; Gould 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubenov and Siapas 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsubayashi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAxiomathes
ISSN (print)1122-1151
ISSN (online)1572-8390
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles