How to format your references using the Axiomathes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Axiomathes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J (2008) The Gonzo Scientist. How astronomers have fun (and nearly die trying). Science 321:1297
A journal article with 2 authors
Tibbetts EA, Dale J (2004) A socially enforced signal of quality in a paper wasp. Nature 432:218–222
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz M, Lo C-C, Chain PSG (2014) Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Sci Rep 4:6480
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mani RG, Smet JH, von Klitzing K, et al (2002) Zero-resistance states induced by electromagnetic-wave excitation in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures. Nature 420:646–650

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lakshminarayana B (2007) Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Homola J (ed) (2006) Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Akerson VL, Weiland I, Fouad KE (2015) Children’s Ideas About Life Science Concepts. In: Cabe Trundle K, Saçkes M (eds) Research in Early Childhood Science Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 99–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Axiomathes.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Incoming Secretary Of Energy Rick Perry Has No Idea What The Job Actually Is. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Transportation Disadvantaged: Progress in Implementing the New Freedom Program Has Been Limited, and Better Monitoring Procedures Would Help Ensure Program Funds Are Used as Intended. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner CP (2015) Three essays in applied microeconomics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora M, Baker AL (2015) East Village Blast and Fire Fell Buildings and Hurt at Least 19. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Tibbetts and Dale 2004; Bohannon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tibbetts and Dale 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mani et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAxiomathes
ISSN (print)1122-1151
ISSN (online)1572-8390
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles