How to format your references using the Axiomathes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Axiomathes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford G (2001) Where might it lead? Nature 414:399
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson K, Humphreys RM (2012) The Great Eruption of η Carinae. Nature 486:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Green HW 2nd, Chen W-P, Brudzinski MR (2010) Seismic evidence of negligible water carried below 400-km depth in subducting lithosphere. Nature 467:828–831
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schultze M, Fiess M, Karpowicz N, et al (2010) Delay in photoemission. Science 328:1658–1662

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch F, Kemp J, Ilkka J (2006) Mobile Web Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Torres E, Ayala M (eds) (2010) Biocatalysis Based on Heme Peroxidases: Peroxidases as Potential Industrial Biocatalysts. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Karch M (2010) Android Calling. In: Anglin S, Pundick D, Andres C, et al. (eds) Android for Work: Productivity for Professionals. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Axiomathes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch This Awesome Slow-Motion Explosion Of A Prince Rupert’s Drop. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) [Comments on NASA Employee’s Proposed Work Schedule]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill GJ (2009) The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neroulias N, Saslow L (2009) School Districts Gird For Bad-News Budgets. New York Times WE1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benford 2001; Davidson and Humphreys 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Humphreys 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Schultze et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAxiomathes
ISSN (print)1122-1151
ISSN (online)1572-8390
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles