How to format your references using the Axiomathes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Axiomathes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson B (2008) Benefits blues. Nature 454:132–133
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson BE, McInerney MJ (2002) Anaerobic microbial metabolism can proceed close to thermodynamic limits. Nature 415:454–456
A journal article with 3 authors
Rychert CA, Fischer KM, Rondenay S (2005) A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America. Nature 436:542–545
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yan H, Park SH, Finkelstein G, et al (2003) DNA-templated self-assembly of protein arrays and highly conductive nanowires. Science 301:1882–1884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc. (2013) Family Enterprise. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wu Y (ed) (2011) Computing and Intelligent Systems: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Perrotta MGL (2012) The Jungian approach: in situ supervision of psychodrama. In: Krall H, Fürst J, Fontaine P (eds) Supervision in Psychodrama: Experiential Learning in Psychotherapy and Training. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp 37–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Axiomathes.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) What Would You See If You Turned Your Headlights On While Driving A Car At Lightspeed? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Impact of Funding on Materials R&D Programs in the Departments of Energy and Commerce, and NASA Since FY 1980. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Falcone JN (2017) For Pets’ Sake: Is There a Need for Dog Safety Community Education? Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel E, Grynbaum MM (2017) Top Fox News Lawyer, Key Figure in Sexual Harassment Cases, Goes on Leave. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson and McInerney 2002; Nelson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jackson and McInerney 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAxiomathes
ISSN (print)1122-1151
ISSN (online)1572-8390
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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