How to format your references using the Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd J. Tech.Sight. Robotic laboratory automation. Science. 2002;295(5554):517-518.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hidalgo C, Donoso P. Cell signaling. Getting to the heart of mechanotransduction. Science. 2011;333(6048):1388-1390.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz H, Douglas SM, Shih WM. Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes. Science. 2009;325(5941):725-730.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang S, Yu M, Deng H, Shen G, Wei Y. Polyclonal rabbit anti-human ovarian cancer globulins inhibit tumor growth through apoptosis involving the caspase signaling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner M. Integration Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Mütze M, Senff T, Möller JC, eds. Real Estate Investments in Germany: Transactions and Development. 2nd ed. 2012. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard GD, Bull L, Adamatzky A. Cartesian Genetic Programming for Memristive Logic Circuits. In: Moraglio A, Silva S, Krawiec K, Machado P, Cotta C, eds. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:37-48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 10 Bizarre Human Behaviors That Have Little Explanation. IFLScience. Published December 8, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuite J. Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Three East Antarctic Outlet Glaciers and Their Floating Ice Tongues. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Midnight at the Oasis, as Restaurant’s Lease Is Withdrawn. New York Times. July 9, 2000:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerioperative Care and Operating Room Management
AbbreviationPerioper. Care Oper. Room Manag.
ISSN (print)2405-6030
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles