How to format your references using the Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kump LR. The rise of atmospheric oxygen. Nature. 2008;451(7176):277-278.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Barbash S, Soreq H. Statistically invalid classification of high throughput gene expression data. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1102.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kurin-Csörgei K, Epstein IR, Orbán M. Systematic design of chemical oscillators using complexation and precipitation equilibria. Nature. 2005;433(7022):139-142.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rogers DJ, Randolph SE, Snow RW, Hay SI. Satellite imagery in the study and forecast of malaria. Nature. 2002;415(6872):710-715.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hein H, Kunze W. Umweltanalytik Mit Spektrometrie Und Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Gen M, Kim KJ, Huang X, Hiroshi Y, eds. Industrial Engineering, Management Science and Applications 2015. Vol 349. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ledingham KWD. A vision for laser induced particle acceleration and applications. In: Błaszczak Z, Markov B, Marinova K, eds. LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) Held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:69-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Cassini Starts Flyby Through Enceladus’ Ice Volcano Plumes. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Science and Technology: Information on Federal Programs and Interagency Efforts That Support Small Businesses Engaged in Manufacturing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schultz SM. Interpreting the assemblages of Lonnie Holley through his performative explanations. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Colt GH. Sibling Rivalry: One Long Food Fight. New York Times. November 25, 2012:SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerioperative Care and Operating Room Management
AbbreviationPerioper. Care Oper. Room Manag.
ISSN (print)2405-6030
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Surgery
Medical–Surgical

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