How to format your references using the Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Savage N. Early detection: Spotting the first signs. Nature. 2011;471(7339):S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li X, Xu J. Meta-analysis of the association between dietary lycopene intake and ovarian cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4885.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang MC, O’Rourke EJ, Ruvkun G. Fat metabolism links germline stem cells and longevity in C. elegans. Science. 2008;322(5903):957-960.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fischer TP, Hilton DR, Zimmer MM, Shaw AM, Sharp ZD, Walker JA. Subduction and recycling of nitrogen along the Central American margin. Science. 2002;297(5584):1154-1157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cox C. An Introduction to LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Branke J, Deb K, Miettinen K, Słowiński R, eds. Multiobjective Optimization: Interactive and Evolutionary Approaches. Vol 5252. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Böhm C, Hofer M. Error Correction Codes. In: Hofer M, ed. Physical Unclonable Functions in Theory and Practice. Springer; 2013:87-102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. The Type Of Contraceptive You Use Could Influence Your Sexual Behavior. IFLScience. Published December 9, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/type-contraceptive-use-could-influence-your-sexual-behavior/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baker D. Does Team Patient Care Mean Better Patient Outcomes? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Leg Injury May End Season for Cespedes. New York Times. August 26, 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerioperative Care and Operating Room Management
AbbreviationPerioper. Care Oper. Room Manag.
ISSN (print)2405-6030
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Surgery
Medical–Surgical

Other styles