How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. M. Krug, “Virology. Clues to the virulence of H5N1 viruses in humans,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5767, pp. 1562–1563, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Rafii and D. Lyden, “Cancer. A few to flip the angiogenic switch,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5860, pp. 163–164, Jan. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. L. Gutiérrez, R. Hilborn, and O. Defeo, “Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries,” Nature, vol. 470, no. 7334, pp. 386–389, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Marks et al., “GTPase activity of dynamin and resulting conformation change are essential for endocytosis,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6825, pp. 231–235, Mar. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. G. Nellist, Understanding Telecommunications and Lightwave Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
K. E. Cannon and T. J. Hudzik, Eds., Suicide: Phenomenology and Neurobiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Kacprzyk and G. Szkatuła, “Inductive Learning: A Combinatorial Optimization Approach,” in Advances in Machine Learning I: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ryszard S.Michalski, J. Koronacki, Z. W. Raś, S. T. Wierzchoń, and J. Kacprzyk, Eds., in Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Freddie Mercury Gets His Own Asteroid For 70th Birthday,” IFLScience, Sep. 06, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “HEAF 1992 Financial Condition,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-93-21R, Jun. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Duan, “Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Licks of the Tropics,” New York Times, p. NJ7, Jul. 11, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Smart Grid
ISSN (print)1949-3053
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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