How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. P. Shonkoff, “Protecting brains, not simply stimulating minds,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6045, pp. 982–983, Aug. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. M. Hoehler and M. J. Alperin, “Biogeochemistry: Methane minimalism,” Nature, vol. 507, no. 7493, pp. 436–437, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, and E. C. Stone, “Magnetic field observations as Voyager 1 entered the heliosheath depletion region,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6142, pp. 147–150, Jul. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. N. Voloshina et al., “Electronic structure and imaging contrast of graphene moiré on metals,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1072, Jan. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Millon and S. Grossman, Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
K. Sahayaraj, Ed., Basic and Applied Aspects of Biopesticides. New Delhi: Springer India, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. C. M. Oliveira and L. A. N. Lorena, “Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms and Clustering Search,” in Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms, A. Abraham, C. Grosan, and H. Ishibuchi, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Outbreak Of ‘Super’ Gonorrhea In Northern England,” IFLScience, Sep. 18, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Narcotic Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation Programs in New York City,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-166217, Apr. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Cong, “A Comparative Analysis of Acculturative Stress Among Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese International Students at a Hispanic Serving University,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M. M. Chapman and B. Vlasic, “Volvo Makes Comeback With Return to Its Values,” New York Times, p. B3, Jan. 13, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Smart Grid
ISSN (print)1949-3053
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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