How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Pickett, “Superfluidity. A new twist to an old story,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6777, pp. 450–451, Mar. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Knorr and G. Lohmann, “Southern Ocean origin for the resumption of Atlantic thermohaline circulation during deglaciation,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6948, pp. 532–536, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. T. Green, J. H. Dawson, and H. B. Gray, “Oxoiron(IV) in chloroperoxidase compound II is basic: implications for P450 chemistry,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5677, pp. 1653–1656, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Ueda, N. Ishikawa, A. Tatsuguchi, N. Saichi, R. Fujii, and H. Nakagawa, “Antibody-coupled monolithic silica microtips for highthroughput molecular profiling of circulating exosomes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6232, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. M. Smirnov, Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011.
An edited book
A. Buchleitner, C. Viviescas, and M. Tiersch, Eds., Entanglement and Decoherence: Foundations and Modern Trends, vol. 768. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Maâtouk, W. Ayadi, H. Bouziri, and B. Duval, “Evolutionary Algorithm Based on New Crossover for the Biclustering of Gene Expression Data,” in Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, M. Comin, L. Käll, E. Marchiori, A. Ngom, and J. Rajapakse, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “Ice And Speed, The Drugs That Kept Soldiers Awake And A President Young,” IFLScience, Jul. 06, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Progress Made in Enrolling Workers and Activating Credentials but Evaluation Plan Needed to Help Inform the Implementation of Card Readers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-43, Nov. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. J. Young, “An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE),” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. J. O. Murphy, “Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times,” New York Times, p. C29, Mar. 20, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Smart Grid
ISSN (print)1949-3053
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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