How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. P. Tittensor, “Ecology: Ecosystem vulnerability to ocean warming,” Nature, vol. 528, no. 7580, pp. 43–44, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Bezdek and R. Wendling, “Recruiters and industry. Job creation and environmental protection,” Nature, vol. 434, no. 7033, p. 678, Mar. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Luo, J. Zhu, and H. Ye, “Comment on ‘Tubular graphite cones,’” Science, vol. 303, no. 5659, pp. 766; author reply 766, Feb. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Sukhatme, Y. Mukharsky, T. Chui, and D. Pearson, “Observation of the ideal Josephson effect in superfluid 4He,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6835, pp. 280–283, May 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Leleux, H. van Swaay, and E. Megally, Private Equity 4.0. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
R. Poovendran and W. Saad, Eds., Decision and Game Theory for Security: 5th International Conference, GameSec 2014, Los Angeles, CA, USA, November 6-7, 2014. Proceedings, vol. 8840. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Chatterjee, L. Doyen, E. Filiot, and J.-F. Raskin, “Doomsday Equilibria for Omega-Regular Games,” in Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings, K. L. McMillan and X. Rival, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 78–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Curious Link Discovered Between Women Who Have Had Their Appendix Removed And An Increase In Fertility,” IFLScience, 02-Aug-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-156, Jun. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. T. Ziegler, “The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “His Slump in the Past, a Met Ensures His Teammates’ Struggles Matter Less,” New York Times, p. B12, 11-Apr-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Smart Grid
ISSN (print)1949-3053
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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