How to format your references using the Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benton R. Eppendorf winner. Evolution and revolution in odor detection. Science. 2009;326(5951):382-383.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Buzsáki G, Draguhn A. Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science. 2004;304(5679):1926-1929.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thompson JK, Peterson MR, Freeman RD. Single-neuron activity and tissue oxygenation in the cerebral cortex. Science. 2003;299(5609):1070-1072.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bülow MH, Bülow TR, Hoch M, Pankratz MJ, Jünger MA. Src tyrosine kinase signaling antagonizes nuclear localization of FOXO and inhibits its transcription factor activity. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bayés de Luna A. Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Kragl U, ed. Technology Transfer in Biotechnology: From Lab to Industry to Production. Vol 92. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Clark JP, Lau NC. Piwi Proteins and piRNAs Step onto the Systems Biology Stage. In: Yeo GW, ed. Systems Biology of RNA Binding Proteins. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer; 2014:159-197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Creepiest Looking Animals In The World. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Policies on U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad Need Review and Reappraisal. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Green B. Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. JUSTICES TO RULE ON A CHALLENGE TO U.S. TRIBUNALS. New York Times. November 8, 2005:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatrics
AbbreviationPediatrics
ISSN (print)0031-4005
ISSN (online)1098-4275
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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