How to format your references using the Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Flowers J. The route to atomic and quantum standards. Science. 2004;306(5700):1324-1330.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mühlenbruch B, Jochimsen MA. Research policy: Only wholesale reform will bring equality. Nature. 2013;495(7439):40-42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gu L, Koymen AR, Mohanty SK. Crystalline magnetic carbon nanoparticle assisted photothermal delivery into cells using CW near-infrared laser beam. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5106.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bormuth V, Varga V, Howard J, Schäffer E. Protein friction limits diffusive and directed movements of kinesin motors on microtubules. Science. 2009;325(5942):870-873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Frank WL, Whittle DK. Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Zereini F, Hötzl H, eds. Climatic Changes and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weir T, Manter D, Kofer W. Microbes: A New Frontier in Tropical Chemical Biology. In: Vivanco JM, Weir T, eds. Chemical Biology of the Tropics: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Signaling and Communication in Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:71-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. New Trilobite Species Explains Longstanding Footprint Mystery. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed R&D Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crosby AE. A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J. Dance Moves Only for Males. New York Times. January 16, 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatrics
AbbreviationPediatrics
ISSN (print)0031-4005
ISSN (online)1098-4275
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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