How to format your references using the Pediatric Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hartnoll S. Physics. Stringing together a solid state. Science 2008;322:1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Marti K, Kerridge J. Planetary science. Nitrogen in the solar system. Science 2010;328:1112–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lu LY, Ou N, Lu Q-B. Antioxidant induces DNA damage, cell death and mutagenicity in human lung and skin normal cells. Sci Rep 2013;3:3169.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Krimpenfort P, Ijpenberg A, Song J-Y, van der Valk M, Nawijn M, Zevenhoven J, et al. p15Ink4b is a critical tumour suppressor in the absence of p16Ink4a. Nature 2007;448:943–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Muccini M, Toffanin S. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Heij C. Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory: Linear Systems, Identification and Control. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kizza JM. Computer Network Vulnerabilities. In: Kizza JM, editor. A Guide to Computer Network Security, London: Springer; 2009, p. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Scientists Find One Of The Last Ever Lakes On Mars. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-find-one-last-ever-lakes-mars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Independent Auditor’s Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2015 Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Castaneda Martinez NE. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly K. Children’s Books. New York Times 1999:737.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Dental Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0917-2394
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles