How to format your references using the Pediatric Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schindel DE. Biology without borders. Nature 2010;467:779–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gervais WM, Norenzayan A. Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science 2012;336:493–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlos C, Torres TT, Ottoboni LMM. Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species. Sci Rep 2013;3:1624.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mayorga E, Aufdenkampe AK, Masiello CA, Krusche AV, Hedges JI, Quay PD, et al. Young organic matter as a source of carbon dioxide outgassing from Amazonian rivers. Nature 2005;436:538–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang J-J. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Calvani M, Cardinale F, Martelli A, Muraro MA, Pucci N, Savino F, editors. Anafilassi in pediatria. Milano: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi T-M, Chiu C-H. Mean-Risk Analysis: Conclusion, Future Research and Extensions. In: Chiu C-H, editor. Risk Analysis in Stochastic Supply Chains: A Mean-Risk Approach, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 87–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Dental Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. Single Cure Found For Three Neglected Diseases. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information on Federally Owned Land in Oregon Set Aside for Use by the Burns Paiute Indian Colony. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Large KG. A study of Statewide Transfer and Articulation Reporting System (STARS) approved courses completed at an Alabama community college. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Allows Suit Against Drug Maker. New York Times 2008:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Dental Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0917-2394
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles