How to format your references using the Pediatric Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Haag A. Alternatives in Colorado. Nature 2007;446:578–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Pedraza JM, Paulsson J. Effects of molecular memory and bursting on fluctuations in gene expression. Science 2008;319:339–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ma H, Aihara K, Chen L. Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Sci Rep 2014;4:7464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wertz IE, Kusam S, Lam C, Okamoto T, Sandoval W, Anderson DJ, et al. Sensitivity to antitubulin chemotherapeutics is regulated by MCL1 and FBW7. Nature 2011;471:110–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lam J. Enterprise Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Praetorius B. Innovation for Sustainable Electricity Systems: Exploring the Dynamics of Energy Transitions. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Golkov V, Dosovitskiy A, Sämann P, Sperl JI, Sprenger T, Czisch M, et al. q-Space Deep Learning for Twelve-Fold Shorter and Model-Free Diffusion MRI Scans. In: Navab N, Hornegger J, Wells WM, Frangi A, editors. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention -- MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. What Actually Are You? IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. SSA Initiatives to Identify Coaching. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Crider MC. The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Baker P. President Backs A Plan to Curtail Legal Migration. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Dental Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0917-2394
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles