How to format your references using the Pediatric Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Krot AN. Planetary science. Bringing part of an asteroid back home. Science 2011;333:1098–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Linhardt RJ, Toida T. Tech.Sight. Capillary electrophoresis. Ultra-high resolution separation comes of age. Science 2002;298:1441–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Curtis R, Groarke A, Sullivan F. Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer. Sci Rep 2014;4:5569.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yang B, Guo Q, Tremain B, Liu R, Barr LE, Yan Q, et al. Ideal Weyl points and helicoid surface states in artificial photonic crystal structures. Science 2018;359:1013–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Baldwin D, Birkett J, Facey O, Rabey G. The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Kunche P. Metaheuristic Applications to Speech Enhancement. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Haghverdi E, Scott P. Geometry of Interaction and the Dynamics of Proof Reduction: A Tutorial. In: Coecke B, editor. New Structures for Physics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 357–417.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Supermassive Black Holes May Cause Host Galaxies to Die Young. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Special Education: Additional Assistance and Better Coordination Needed among Education Offices to Help States Meet the NCLBA Teacher Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zacher B. The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mishan L. The Taste of Darkness. New York Times 2017:M2166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Dental Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0917-2394
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles