How to format your references using the Pediatric Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wells TNC (2010) Microbiology. Is the tide turning for new malaria medicines? Science 329:1153–1154
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Matzke MA, Matzke AJ (2000) Cloning problems don’t surprise plant biologists. Science 288:2318b
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scarf D, Hayne H, Colombo M (2011) Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science 334:1664
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Myong S, Bruno MM, Pyle AM, Ha T (2007) Spring-loaded mechanism of DNA unwinding by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Science 317:513–516

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sanders S (2015) Seizures in Dogs and Cats. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Bland KI, Büchler MW, Csendes A, et al (2009) General Surgery. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Budd AF, Klaus JS (2008) Early Evolution of the Montastraea “annularis” Species Complex (Anthozoa: Scleractinia): Evidence from the Mio-Pliocene of the Dominican Republic. In: Nehm RH, Budd AF (eds) Evolutionary Stasis and Change in the Dominican Republic Neogene. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 85–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Watch Live As SpaceX’s Dragon Spacecraft Launches Toward ISS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: Customs Automated Commercial Environment Program Progressing, but Need for Management Improvements Continues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Watson YM (2019) Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Venezuelan Ballplayers Love Homeland, at a Safe Distance. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Cardiology
AbbreviationPediatr. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0172-0643
ISSN (online)1432-1971
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles