How to format your references using the Pediatric Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rutishauser U (2014) Gerald Edelman (1929-2014). Nature 510:474
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cantalupo C, Hopkins WD (2001) Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature 414:505
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK (2014) Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep 4:3609
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Findlay HS, Hennige SJ, Wicks LC, et al (2014) Fine-scale nutrient and carbonate system dynamics around cold-water coral reefs in the northeast Atlantic. Sci Rep 4:3671

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hampel FR, Ronchetti EM, Rousseeuw PJ, Stahel WA (2005) Robust Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Schmidt AU, Russello G, Krontiris I, Lian S (2012) Security and Privacy in Mobile Information and Communication Systems: 4th International Conference, MobiSec 2012, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, June 25-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hemani A, Klapproth P (2006) TRENDS IN SOC ARCHITECTURES. In: Ismail M, González DRDEL (eds) Radio Design in Nanometer Technologies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 59–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Eel-Like Amphibian 278 Million Years Old With Fangs Found In Brazil. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/278-million-year-old-eel-amphibian-fangs-found-brazil/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Whitbeck DC (2013) Mapping of Sonoran Desert vegetation communities of San Cristobal Valley and southern Sentinel Plains, Barry M. Goldwater Range and variables influencing route proliferation in the Barry M. Goldwater Range’s San Cristobal Valley. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2001) A Local Board’s Coup On the Upper West Side. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Cardiology
AbbreviationPediatr. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0172-0643
ISSN (online)1432-1971
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles