How to format your references using the Pediatric Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Empire building: Vienna. Nature 416:4–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Selosse M-A, Rousset F (2011) Evolution. The plant-fungal marketplace. Science 333:828–829
A journal article with 3 authors
Yano J-I, Talagrand O, Drossart P (2003) Outer planets: Origins of atmospheric zonal winds. Nature 421:36
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rems L, Ušaj M, Kandušer M, et al (2013) Cell electrofusion using nanosecond electric pulses. Sci Rep 3:3382

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lahdenmäki T, Leach M (2005) Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lin CY-Y (2016) The Impact of Societal and Social Innovation: A Case-Based Approach. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Desrochers A, van Duinen G-J (2006) Peatland Fauna. In: Wieder RK, Vitt DH (eds) Boreal Peatland Ecosystems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Cardiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Why Emotional Abuse In Childhood May Lead To Migraines In Adulthood. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney S (2008) An analysis of the influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on middle -school principal leadership behaviors and responsibilities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Herrman J (2016) Blue State. New York Times MM50

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Cardiology
AbbreviationPediatr. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0172-0643
ISSN (online)1432-1971
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles