How to format your references using the Pediatric Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zheludev NI (2015) Applied physics. Obtaining optical properties on demand. Science 348:973–974
A journal article with 2 authors
Vitetta ES, Ghetie VF (2006) Immunology. Considering therapeutic antibodies. Science 313:308–309
A journal article with 3 authors
Abou Chakra M, Hilbe C, Traulsen A (2014) Plastic behaviors in hosts promote the emergence of retaliatory parasites. Sci Rep 4:4251
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Izard T, Evans G, Borgon RA, et al (2004) Vinculin activation by talin through helical bundle conversion. Nature 427:171–175

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Searle SR (1997) Linear Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Emmert-Streib F, Dehmer M (2009) Information Theory and Statistical Learning. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Parnabas VA, Mahamood Y, Parnabas J, Parnabas AM (2016) Gender Differences on the Sources of Anxiety and Level of Sport Performance Among Malaysian Athletes. In: Ismail SI, Sulaiman N, Adnan R (eds) Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015). Springer, Singapore, pp 35–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Mammal-Like Ancestors Were The First Venomous Beasties On Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Airline Deregulation: Reregulating the Airline Industry Would Likely Reverse Consumer Benefits and Not Save Airline Pensions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues PM (2010) Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Karr M (2010) JAN. 15, 2006: Thanks for The Memoirs. New York Times F15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Cardiology
AbbreviationPediatr. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0172-0643
ISSN (online)1432-1971
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles