How to format your references using the Pedagogies: An International Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogies: An International Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardie, D. G. (2010). Transcription. Targeting the core of transcription. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5996), 1158–1159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roškar, R., & Debattista, V. P. (2012). Astronomy. Galactic archaeology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6105), 333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, J., Ashenhurst, J. A., & Movassaghi, M. (2009). Total synthesis of (+)-11,11’-dideoxyverticillin A. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 238–241.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dai, Z., Xu, L., Duan, G., Li, T., Zhang, H., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., & Cai, W. (2013). Fast-response, sensitivitive and low-powered chemosensors by fusing nanostructured porous thin film and IDEs-microheater chip. Scientific Reports, 3, 1669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski, J. W., Nyhoff, J. E., Co, R., & Peterson, P. E. (2010). The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
De Doncker, R. (2011). Advanced Electrical Drives: Analysis, Modeling, Control (D. W. J. Pulle & A. Veltman, Eds.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Chapple, D. G., & Hitchmough, R. A. (2016). Biogeography of New Zealand Lizards. In D. G. Chapple (Ed.), New Zealand Lizards (pp. 109–131). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogies: An International Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 23). An Astronaut’s View Of Mount Etna’s Recent Volcanic Eruption. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Human Resources Research and Development Results Can Be Better Managed (FPCD-77-43). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, M. W. (2010). The Mediterranean Ethiopian: Intellectual discourse and the fixity of myth in classical antiquity [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chung, G. (2016, June 6). Chinatown Street Food vs. Mom’s. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardie, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hardie, 2010; Roškar & Debattista, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roškar & Debattista, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogies: An International Journal
ISSN (print)1554-480X
ISSN (online)1554-4818

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