How to format your references using the Pathogenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pathogenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ambros V. The functions of animal microRNAs. Nature 2004;431:350–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Liston C, Kagan J. Brain development: memory enhancement in early childhood. Nature 2002;419:896.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Moray C, Game ET, Maxted N. Prioritising in situ conservation of crop resources: a case study of African cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Sci Rep 2014;4:5247.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhou Y, O’Connell R, Maguire P, Zhang H. High throughput secondary electron imaging of organic residues on a graphene surface. Sci Rep 2014;4:7032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stavroudis ON. The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Gulati K. Hardware Acceleration of EDA Algorithms: Custom ICs, FPGAs and GPUs. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Miseres V. “The Personal is Political.” In: Gómez L, Horno-Delgado A, Long MK, Silleras-Fernández N, editors. Teaching Gender through Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Texts and Cultures, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015, p. 57–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pathogenesis.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. How To Watch The Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower Tonight. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-to-watch-the-delta-aquarid-meteor-shower-tonight/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mullican CD. Multiple Intelligences in the Text: Examining the Presence of Multiple Intelligences Tasks in the Annotated Teacher’s Editions of Four High School United States History Textbooks. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly SR. A Bend in the River. New York Times 2013:A35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePathogenesis
ISSN (print)2214-6636
Scope

Other styles