How to format your references using the Healthcare Management Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare Management Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lamborg C. Geochemistry. A new twist for mercury. Science. 2007;318(5849):402-403.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lardner B, bin Lakim M. Animal communication: tree-hole frogs exploit resonance effects. Nature. 2002;420(6915):475.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shim SH, Duffy TS, Shen G. Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle. Science. 2001;293(5539):2437-2440.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
He L, Zhang A, Weese D, Li S, Li J, Zhang J. Demographic response of cutlassfish (Trichiurus japonicus and T. nanhaiensis) to fluctuating palaeo-climate and regional oceanographic conditions in the China seas. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sallaberry C. Geographical Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Koslowski P, ed. The Discovery of Historicity in German Idealism and Historism. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Banerjee A, Sur B. Primitive Channels: Concurrency Control. In: Sur B, ed. SystemC and SystemC-AMS in Practice: SystemC 2.3, 2.2 and SystemC-AMS 1.0. Springer International Publishing; 2014:13-24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare Management Forum.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. America’s Nobel Success Is The Story Of Immigrants. IFLScience. Published January 30, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/americas-nobel-success-is-the-story-of-immigrants/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Validity and Comparability of Quantitative Data Presented by the President’s Council on Integrity and Efficiency on Inspectors General Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Aghaee M. Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations. Published online 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Licks of the Tropics. New York Times. July 11, 2010:NJ7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare Management Forum
AbbreviationHealthc. Manage. Forum
ISSN (print)0840-4704
ScopeHealth Policy

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