How to format your references using the Healthcare Management Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare Management Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Angerer P. Graduate journal: at the crossroads. Nature. 2004;427(6971):270.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bakkenist CJ, Kastan MB. DNA damage activates ATM through intermolecular autophosphorylation and dimer dissociation. Nature. 2003;421(6922):499-506.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hamlin JK, Wynn K, Bloom P. Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature. 2007;450(7169):557-559.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Stinaff EA, Scheibner M, Bracker AS, et al. Optical signatures of coupled quantum dots. Science. 2006;311(5761):636-639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baban TM. Shallow Foundations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Daniels JA. Preventing Lethal School Violence. (Bradley MC, ed.). Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rahmandoust M, Ayatollahi MR. CNT/FRP Composites. In: Ayatollahi MR, ed. Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Composites under Consideration of Defects. Advanced Structured Materials. Springer International Publishing; 2016:177-217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare Management Forum.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. A Huge Asteroid Flew Past Earth Today, And It Has Its Own Moon. IFLScience. Published January 27, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/asteroid-flew-past-earth-today-and-it-has-moon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schoenecker KD. Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schmidt MS. Trump Appealed to Comey to Halt Inquiry Into Aide. New York Times. May 16, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare Management Forum
AbbreviationHealthc. Manage. Forum
ISSN (print)0840-4704
ScopeHealth Policy

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