How to format your references using the Particle and Fibre Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Particle and Fibre Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Raffaelli D. Ecology. How extinction patterns affect ecosystems. Science. 2004;306:1141–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ćuk M, Stewart ST. Making the Moon from a fast-spinning Earth: a giant impact followed by resonant despinning. Science. 2012;338:1047–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kourtis N, Nikoletopoulou V, Tavernarakis N. Small heat-shock proteins protect from heat-stroke-associated neurodegeneration. Nature. 2012;490:213–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang L, Chen X, Yu A, Zhang Y, Ding J, Lu W. Highly sensitive and wide-band tunable terahertz response of plasma waves based on graphene field effect transistors. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hitz CB, Ewing J, Hecht J. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Lima R, Imai Y, Ishikawa T, Oliveira MSN, editors. Visualization and Simulation of Complex Flows in Biomedical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fliss DM, Gil Z. The Subcranial Approach to the Anterior Skull Base. In: Gil Z, editor. Atlas of Surgical Approaches to Paranasal Sinuses and the Skull Base. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 139–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Particle and Fibre Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Gene Linked To Youthful Appearance May Help Solve Ageing Puzzle. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: 149845.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bortle CD. The role of mnemonic acronyms in clinical emergency medicine: A grounded theory study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Furey J. The Saltshaker Trick. New York Times. 2017 Aug 20;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleParticle and Fibre Toxicology
AbbreviationPart. Fibre Toxicol.
ISSN (online)1743-8977
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Toxicology

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