How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A (2013) Drug development: A combined effort. Nature 502:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Teotónio H, Rose MR (2000) Variation in the reversibility of evolution. Nature 408:463–466
A journal article with 3 authors
Topper TP, Holmer LE, Caron J-B (2014) Brachiopods hitching a ride: an early case of commensalism in the middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Sci Rep 4:6704
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tamgüney G, Miller MW, Wolfe LL, et al (2009) Asymptomatic deer excrete infectious prions in faeces. Nature 461:529–532

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzer SM (2015) Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Chan AWH (2014) Atlas of Liver Pathology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Nagel MA, Cohrs RJ, Gilden D (2013) Varicella Zoster Virus Infections. In: Jackson AC (ed) Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System. Springer, Basel, pp 87–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Here’s How We Can Protect Ourselves From The Hidden Algorithms That Influence Our Lives. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/heres-how-we-can-protect-ourselves-from-the-hidden-algorithms-that-influence-our-lives/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider MC (2012) The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly KKK, formerly the on-air television critic for WNBC-TV’s ’ ’Live at Five, ’ ’ teaches English to Amerasian children in Vietnam (1990) A Polar Bear’s Picnic. New York Times 514

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Teotónio and Rose 2000; Maxmen 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teotónio and Rose 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tamgüney et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
Parasitology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles