How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2004) Healthy limits. Nature 427:178–179
A journal article with 2 authors
Lancaster MA, Knoblich JA (2014) Organogenesis in a dish: modeling development and disease using organoid technologies. Science 345:1247125
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatitsch D, Ritsema J, Tromp J (2002) The spectral-element method, Beowulf computing, and global seismology. Science 298:1737–1742
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Metallo CM, Gameiro PA, Bell EL, et al (2011) Reductive glutamine metabolism by IDH1 mediates lipogenesis under hypoxia. Nature 481:380–384

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson TR (2010) Genetics for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Havelund K, Núñez M, Roşu G, Wolff B (eds) (2006) Formal Approaches to Software Testing and Runtime Verification: First Combined International Workshops, FATES 2006 and RV 2006, Seattle, WA, USA, August 15-16, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Schlein B (2015) Spectral Properties of Wigner Matrices. In: Gayrard V, Kistler N (eds) Correlated Random Systems: Five Different Methods: CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair, Spring 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 179–205

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Chimps Can Make Silent Laugh Faces, Just Like Us. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Developing and Using Questionnaires. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford V (2014) Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gladstone R, Specia M (2017) At the U.N., Pressure Builds on Myanmar Over a ‘Human Rights Nightmare.’ New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2004; Lancaster and Knoblich 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lancaster and Knoblich 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Metallo et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles