How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thauer RK (2001) Enzymology. Nickel to the fore. Science 293:1264–1265
A journal article with 2 authors
Kang J-H, Park Q-H (2013) Fractional tunnelling resonance in plasmonic media. Sci Rep 3:2423
A journal article with 3 authors
Creed M, Pascoli VJ, Lüscher C (2015) Addiction therapy. Refining deep brain stimulation to emulate optogenetic treatment of synaptic pathology. Science 347:659–664
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Saito K, Inagaki S, Mituyama T, et al (2009) A regulatory circuit for piwi by the large Maf gene traffic jam in Drosophila. Nature 461:1296–1299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King JA, Timacheff S (2008) Digital Photography for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lebow RN (ed) (2016) Richard Ned Lebow: Major Texts on Methods and Philosophy of Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fuertes G, Giménez D, Esteban-Martín S, et al (2010) Role of Membrane Lipids for the Activity of Pore Forming Peptides and Proteins. In: Anderluh G, Lakey J (eds) Proteins Membrane Binding and Pore Formation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 31–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Psychologist Reveals The 9 Most Common Dreams And What They Mean. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Transportation Infrastructure: Flexibility in Federal-Aid Funding Essential to Highway Program Restructuring. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mott CR (2010) Sun compass orientation in juvenile green sea turtles. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lear S (2011) Beyond the Edge of the World. New York Times BR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thauer 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Thauer 2001; Kang and Park 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kang and Park 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles