How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ide S (2010) Striations, duration, migration and tidal response in deep tremor. Nature 466:356–359
A journal article with 2 authors
Ims RA, Andreassen HP (2000) Spatial synchronization of vole population dynamics by predatory birds. Nature 408:194–196
A journal article with 3 authors
Pahwa S, Scoglio C, Scala A (2014) Abruptness of cascade failures in power grids. Sci Rep 4:3694
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sideris PJ, Nielsen UG, Gan Z, Grey CP (2008) Mg/Al ordering in layered double hydroxides revealed by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. Science 321:113–117

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang J (2007) Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wang H, Qi H, Che W, et al (eds) (2015) Intelligent Computation in Big Data Era: International Conference of Young Computer Scientists, Engineers and Educators, ICYCSEE 2015, Harbin, China, January 10-12, 2015. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Young Y-N, Espinha LC, Nguyen AM, Jacobs CR (2015) Multiscale Modeling of Primary Cilia. In: De S, Hwang W, Kuhl E (eds) Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology. Springer, London, pp 87–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Dear Prince Charles: An Open Letter About Homeopathy From A Chemist. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Telecommunications: Agencies Are Generally Following Sound Transition Planning Practices, and GSA Is Taking Action to Resolve Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher E (2012) Suffering God. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Puig’s Popularity Reflects Growing Hispanic Interest. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ide 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ims and Andreassen 2000; Ide 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ims and Andreassen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sideris et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
Parasitology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

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