How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glotzer SC (2004) Materials science. Some Assembly Required. Science 306:419–420
A journal article with 2 authors
Glaeser EL, Shleifer A (2014) Retrospective. Gary Becker (1930-2014). Science 344:1233
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom DE, Canning D, Fink G (2008) Urbanization and the wealth of nations. Science 319:772–775
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Polonsky M, Rimer J, Kern-Perets A, et al (2018) Induction of CD4 T cell memory by local cellular collectivity. Science 360:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond D (2015) Trading as a Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sarkis J, Cordeiro JJ, Vazquez Brust D (eds) (2010) Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Yousefnezhad M, Zhang D (2016) Decoding Visual Stimuli in Human Brain by Using Anatomical Pattern Analysis on fMRI Images. In: Liu C-L, Hussain A, Luo B, et al. (eds) Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 8th International Conference, BICS 2016, Beijing, China, November 28-30, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Snap Stunning Photograph Of Star Cluster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell LY (2017) Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) Headaches Await a New E.U. Leader. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glotzer 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Glotzer 2004; Glaeser and Shleifer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Glaeser and Shleifer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Polonsky et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles