How to format your references using the Parasitology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vela C (2012) Turn Spain’s budget crisis into an opportunity. Nature 486:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek JT, Peng RD (2015) Statistics. What is the question? Science 347:1314–1315
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhandawat V, Reisert J, Yau K-W (2005) Elementary response of olfactory receptor neurons to odorants. Science 308:1931–1934
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen J, Larochelle S, Li X, Suter B (2003) Xpd/Ercc2 regulates CAK activity and mitotic progression. Nature 424:228–232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brenner IR (2010) How to Survive a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Ember M, Ember CR, Skoggard I (eds) (2005) Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Gärtner C, Ortmann G (2016) Recursiveness: Relations between Bodies, Metaphors, Organizations and Institutions. In: Weik E, Walgenbach P (eds) Institutions Inc. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 94–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Curiosity Snaps A Blue Sunset On Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Observations on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourne BB (2009) Phenomenological study of response to organizational change: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) What He Said She Said, and a Disquisition About Disclosures. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vela 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Vela 2012; Leek and Peng 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology Research
AbbreviationParasitol. Res.
ISSN (print)0932-0113
ISSN (online)1432-1955
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles