How to format your references using the Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, T.E.: Ecology. The cost of fear. Science. 334, 1353–1354 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mumford, D., Tate, J.: Alexander Grothendieck (1928-2014). Nature. 517, 272 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bakshy, E., Messing, S., Adamic, L.A.: Political science. Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook. Science. 348, 1130–1132 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lloyd-Smith, J.O., George, D., Pepin, K.M., Pitzer, V.E., Pulliam, J.R.C., Dobson, A.P., Hudson, P.J., Grenfell, B.T.: Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface. Science. 326, 1362–1367 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bishop, C.A.: Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Mason, L., Drwiega, T., Yan, J. eds: Managing Traffic Performance in Converged Networks: 20th International Teletraffic Congress, ITC20 2007, Ottawa, Canada, June 17-21, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau, N.: Dirichlet Forms Methods: An Application to the Propagation of the Error Due to the Euler Scheme. In: Dalang, R.C., Russo, F., and Dozzi, M. (eds.) Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications V: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2005. pp. 57–74. Birkhäuser, Basel (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Bird Tree Of Life Shows ‘Explosive Evolution’: Studies


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Privacy Policy Activities of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olch, R.: Low cost/no cost quality of life programs in non-profit theatre, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tappin, B., Van Der Leer, L., Mckay, R.: Your Opinion Is Set in Stone, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry
AbbreviationPac. J. Math. Ind.
ISSN (online)2198-4115

Other styles