How to format your references using the Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landolt, H.P.: CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS. Caffeine, the circadian clock, and sleep. Science. 349, 1289 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kingston, T., Rossiter, S.J.: Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea’s bats. Nature. 429, 654–657 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, R.A., Wikelski, M., Wilcove, D.S.: How and why do insects migrate? Science. 313, 794–796 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tian, F., Song, B., Chen, X., Ravichandran, N.K., Lv, Y., Chen, K., Sullivan, S., Kim, J., Zhou, Y., Liu, T.-H., Goni, M., Ding, Z., Sun, J., Udalamatta Gamage, G.A.G., Sun, H., Ziyaee, H., Huyan, S., Deng, L., Zhou, J., Schmidt, A.J., Chen, S., Chu, C.-W., Huang, P.Y., Broido, D., Shi, L., Chen, G., Ren, Z.: Unusual high thermal conductivity in boron arsenide bulk crystals. Science. 361, 582–585 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger, P., Morel, M.: Managing Complexity of Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2012)
An edited book
Zhang, Y. ed: Future Wireless Networks and Information Systems: Volume 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Haim, A., Portnov, B.A.: Light at Night (LAN) Exposure and its Potential Effects on Daily Rhythms and Seasonal Disruptions. In: Portnov, B.A. (ed.) Light Pollution as a New Risk Factor for Human Breast and Prostate Cancers. pp. 35–40. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Mercury’s Dramatic Lava Flows Came From Extremely Rare Meteorites,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Postsecondary Education: Financial Trends in Public and Private Nonprofit Institutions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, C.J.: A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: The Jazz Age Relived, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry
AbbreviationPac. J. Math. Ind.
ISSN (online)2198-4115

Other styles