How to format your references using the Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, R.: Climate science: Sea levels from ancient seashells. Nature. 508, 465–466 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Belenky, P., Collins, J.J.: Microbiology. Antioxidant strategies to tolerate antibiotics. Science. 334, 915–916 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Finkel, T., Serrano, M., Blasco, M.A.: The common biology of cancer and ageing. Nature. 448, 767–774 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cifuentes, L., Borja-Aburto, V.H., Gouveia, N., Thurston, G., Davis, D.L.: Climate change. Hidden health benefits of greenhouse gas mitigation. Science. 293, 1257–1259 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C.: A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (1998)
An edited book
Gutbrod, R.: The Software Dilemma: Balancing Creativity and Control on the Path to Sustainable Software. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Regan, G., Flood, D., Caffery, F.M.: The Development and Validation of a Roadmap for Traceability. In: Rout, T., O’Connor, R.V., and Dorling, A. (eds.) Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 15th International Conference, SPICE 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 16-17, 2015. Proceedings. pp. 45–57. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry.

Blog post
Potvin, S.: This Is What 100 Years Of Selective Breeding Has Done To Dogs,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jozwiak, A.L.: Social work internship stipend program: A grant proposal, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Marginalized Souls, Magnified, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry
AbbreviationPac. J. Math. Ind.
ISSN (online)2198-4115

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