How to format your references using the Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thor, S.: Neuroscience: stem cells in multiple time zones. Nature. 498, 441–443 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada, J.L., Lazcano, A.: Perceptions of science. Prebiotic soup--revisiting the Miller experiment. Science. 300, 745–746 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, F.A., Lankheet, M.J., Rieke, F.: Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sites. Nature. 449, 603–606 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ritenberg, M., Beilis, E., Ilovitsh, A., Barkai, Z., Shahmoon, A., Richter, S., Zalevsky, Z., Jelinek, R.: “Beating speckles” via electrically-induced vibrations of Au nanorods embedded in sol-gel. Sci. Rep. 4, 3666 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svrcek, W.Y., Mahoney, D.P., Young, B.R.: A Real-Time Approach to Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2007)
An edited book
Varelas, P. ed: Seizures in Critical Care: A Guide to Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Hilty, L.M.: Ethical Issues in Ubiquitous Computing—Three Technology Assessment Studies Revisited. In: Kinder-Kurlanda, K. and Ehrwein Nihan, C. (eds.) Ubiquitous Computing in the Workplace: What Ethical Issues? An Interdisciplinary Perspective. pp. 45–60. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Large Study Concludes Homeopathy Does Not Effectively Treat Any Health Condition,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FCC: Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation for the 220-222 MHz Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, C.C.: Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Mexico Official Resigns, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry
AbbreviationPac. J. Math. Ind.
ISSN (online)2198-4115

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