How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savchenko, A. (2009). Materials science. Transforming graphene. Science 323, 589–590.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, P.-W., and Ali, M. M. (2014). Investigating Leggett-Garg inequality for a two level system under decoherence in a non-Markovian dephasing environment. Sci. Rep. 4, 6165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, J. A., Simcox, D. J., and Clarke, R. T. (2009). Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science 325, 80–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Iber, D., Clarkson, J., Yudkin, M. D., and Campbell, I. D. (2006). The mechanism of cell differentiation in Bacillus subtilis. Nature 441, 371–374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim, M. L. C. (2008). Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jandrić, P., and Boras, D. eds. (2015). Critical Learning in Digital Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Abercrombie, R. K., and Loebl, A. S. (2014). “Systems Life Cycle and Its Relation with the Triple Helix,” in Measuring Scholarly Impact: Methods and Practice, eds. Y. Ding, R. Rousseau, and D. Wolfram (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 103–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). SpaceX Will Launch A Groundbreaking MRSA Experiment To The ISS Next Week. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984). Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of National Public Radio. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, D. (2014). The EastSide Café: A liberated learning zone.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). With O’Connor Retirement and a New Chief Justice Comes an Awareness of Change. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savchenko, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Savchenko, 2009; Chen and Ali, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Ali, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Iber et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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