How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flowers, J. (2004). The route to atomic and quantum standards. Science 306, 1324–1330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent, R., and Bruck, J. (2006). 2020 computing: can computers help to explain biology? Nature 440, 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunn, L. J., Allison, A., and Abbott, D. (2014). A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci. Rep. 4, 6461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dominguez, A. A., Chiang, H. R., Sukhwani, M., Orwig, K. E., and Reijo Pera, R. A. (2014). Human germ cell formation in xenotransplants of induced pluripotent stem cells carrying X chromosome aneuploidies. Sci. Rep. 4, 6432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, M. T. (2013). Faces of Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Neri, E. (2008). Produrre ed elaborare immagini diagnostiche. , eds. P. Marcheschi and D. Caramella Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, T., Phung, D., Adams, B., and Venkatesh, S. (2012). “Emotional Reactions to Real-World Events in Social Networks,” in New Frontiers in Applied Data Mining: PAKDD 2011 International Workshops, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. L. Cao, J. Z. Huang, J. Bailey, Y. S. Koh, and J. Luo (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Watch An Exoplanet Orbit An Alien Star. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Issues Raised by Proposal to Replace the Airline Ticket Tax. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, R. U. (2015). A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2017). The Lot Radio. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flowers, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Flowers, 2004; Brent and Bruck, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brent and Bruck, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Dominguez et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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