How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardt, W.-D. (2009). Journal club. An infection biologist points out an outstanding issue in mucosal immunology. Nature 459, 893.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCalley, C. K., and Sparks, J. P. (2009). Abiotic gas formation drives nitrogen loss from a desert ecosystem. Science 326, 837–840.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T., Atomi, H., and Imanaka, T. (2007). Archaeal type III RuBisCOs function in a pathway for AMP metabolism. Science 315, 1003–1006.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yan, X.-Y., Han, X.-P., Wang, B.-H., and Zhou, T. (2013). Diversity of individual mobility patterns and emergence of aggregated scaling laws. Sci. Rep. 3, 2678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, J. (2005). Engineering Education. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schmidt, G., Abut, H., Takeda, K., and Hansen, J. H. L. eds. (2014). Smart Mobile In-Vehicle Systems: Next Generation Advancements. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pagneux, V. (2013). “Trapped Modes and Edge Resonances in Acoustics and Elasticity,” in Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences., eds. R. V. Craster and J. Kaplunov (Vienna: Springer), 181–223.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Scientists Find Stone Tools That Predate Humanity. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Sale of Magnetic Data Tapes Previously Used by the Government Presents a Low Security Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, D. L. (2012). A phenomenological investigation of science center exhibition developers’ expertise development.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Ride Home With It. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardt, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hardt, 2009; McCalley and Sparks, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCalley and Sparks, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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