How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schapira, M. (2015). STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Chromatin complex, crystal clear. Science 350, 278–279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smyth, M. J., and Kershaw, M. H. (2011). Immunology. The adjuvant effects of antibodies. Science 333, 944–945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari, T., Luciani, J.-F., and Aly, J.-J. (2015). Small-scale dynamo magnetism as the driver for heating the solar atmosphere. Nature 522, 188–191.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paige, D. A., Siegler, M. A., Zhang, J. A., Hayne, P. O., Foote, E. J., Bennett, K. A., et al. (2010). Diviner Lunar Radiometer observations of cold traps in the Moon’s south polar region. Science 330, 479–482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, L. (2015). Knowledge and Discourse Matters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flandre, D., Nazarov, A. N., and Hemment, P. L. F. eds. (2005). Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, P., Ni, P., Liu, K., Guo, S., Zhao, Z., Li, Y., et al. (2016). “Social Research Finding TWO: Business Success Stories and Inspiration,” in Global Research of Cities: A Case of Chengdu, eds. P. Ni and K. Liu (Singapore: Springer), 91–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). NASA Cuts Ties with Russia. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). License Suspensions for Nondriving Offenses: Practices in Four States That May Ease the Financial Impact on Low-Income Individuals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko, K. (2009). An empirical re-evaluation of the boron isotope/pH proxy in marine carbonates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). Bikes That Roll Toward Jobs. New York Times, 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schapira, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Smyth and Kershaw, 2011; Schapira, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smyth and Kershaw, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Paige et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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