How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, A. P. (2005). Virology. What links bats to emerging infectious diseases? Science 310, 628–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P., and Jain, R. K. (2000). Angiogenesis in cancer and other diseases. Nature 407, 249–257.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, X., Hansen, N., and Tsuji, N. (2006). Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science 312, 249–251.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xie, S., Shan, X.-F., Shang, K., Xu, H., He, J., and Cai, Z.-G. (2014). Relevance of LIG4 gene polymorphisms with cancer susceptibility: evidence from a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. C. (2008). Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Gelbukh, A. ed. (2009). Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 10th International Conference, CICLing 2009, Mexico City, Mexico, March 1-7, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Price, P. (2007). “Honor and Morality in Contemporary Rural India,” in New Perspectives in Political Ethnography, eds. L. Joseph, M. Mahler, and J. Auyero (New York, NY: Springer), 88–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: The District of Columbia Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring Vital Services Are Not Disrupted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguerrebere, Y. (2009). Case study of home-school visits.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., and Walsh, M. W. (2013). Surpluses Help, But Fiscal Woes For States Go On. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet and Jain, 2000; Dobson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet and Jain, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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