How to format your references using the Orthodontic Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Orthodontic Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Harmon L. Journal club. An evolutionary biologist ponders the pace of evolution. Nature 2010;463:1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Clapham PR, Lu S. Vaccinology: precisely tuned antibodies nab HIV. Nature 2011;477:416–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rychert CA, Fischer KM, Rondenay S. A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America. Nature 2005;436:542–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sugiura T, Ogawa H, Fukuda N, Moriguchi T. Changes in the taste and textural attributes of apples in response to climate change. Sci Rep 2013;3:2418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Utas G. Robust Communications Software. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Solé-Casals J, Zaiats V, editors. Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2009, Vic, Spain, June 25-27. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 5933. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kwa C, van Hemert M, van der Weij L. Visualising Landscapes: Do Pictures Represent Theory or Data? In: Scholten HJ, Velde R van de, Manen N van, editors. Geospatial Technology and the Role of Location in Science, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Orthodontic Waves.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Study Finds No Proof Fitness Trackers Help With Weight Loss. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Immigration and Naturalization Service Proposed Procurement of Automated Data Processing Equipment To Streamline and Update Office Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mai J. College Application Behaviors: Factors Impacting the College Choices of High School Seniors. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Bill Proposed to Give Regulatory Protection to Puerto Rico Mutual Fund Investors. New York Times 2015:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrthodontic Waves
AbbreviationOrthod. Waves
ISSN (print)1344-0241
ScopeOrthodontics

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