How to format your references using the Orthodontic Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Orthodontic Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Maleczka RE Jr. Chemistry. Copper puts arenes in a hard position. Science 2009;323:1572–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Swirski FK, Nahrendorf M. Leukocyte behavior in atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Science 2013;339:161–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ganem NJ, Godinho SA, Pellman D. A mechanism linking extra centrosomes to chromosomal instability. Nature 2009;460:278–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kim J-H, Noe GT 2nd, McGill SA, Wang Y, Wójcik AK, Belyanin AA, et al. Fermi-edge superfluorescence from a quantum-degenerate electron-hole gas. Sci Rep 2013;3:3283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lieberman NP. Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Neuber AA, editor. Explosively Driven Pulsed Power: Helical Magnetic Flux Compression Generators. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ornella L, Cervigni G, Tapia E. Applications of Machine Learning in Breeding for Stress Tolerance in Maize. In: Venkateswarlu B, Shanker AK, Shanker C, Maheswari M, editors. Crop Stress and its Management: Perspectives and Strategies, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 163–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Orthodontic Waves.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Stunning Photos Of Dried Whisky Under A Microscope. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Increased Reliance on Contractors Can Pose Oversight Challenges for Federal and State Officials. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stevenson J. Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Corkery M. The Graduates of Walmart Academy. New York Times 2017:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrthodontic Waves
AbbreviationOrthod. Waves
ISSN (print)1344-0241
ScopeOrthodontics

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