How to format your references using the Orthodontic Waves citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Orthodontic Waves. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jenkins A. Graduate journal: choosing a boss. Nature 2004;428:350.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hammerl G, Spaldin N. Physics. Shedding light on oxide interfaces. Science 2011;332:922–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhao J, Benlekbir S, Rubinstein JL. Electron cryomicroscopy observation of rotational states in a eukaryotic V-ATPase. Nature 2015;521:241–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kemper C, Chan AC, Green JM, Brett KA, Murphy KM, Atkinson JP. Activation of human CD4+ cells with CD3 and CD46 induces a T-regulatory cell 1 phenotype. Nature 2003;421:388–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ciobanu CV, Wang C-Z, Ho K-M. Atomic Structure Prediction of Nanostructures, Clusters and Surfaces. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Hakansson A, Höjer M, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12). vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hauschild W, Lemke E. Measurement of Dielectric Properties. In: Lemke E, editor. High-Voltage Test and Measuring Techniques, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 233–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Orthodontic Waves.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How a Louisiana Student is Teaming With Top Scientists to Reform Science Education. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/standing-shoulders-giants-how-louisiana-student-teaming-top-scientists-reform/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Strong Risk Management Essential as Program Enters Most Challenging Phase. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ramirez C. A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Road Scholar. New York Times 2008:M226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrthodontic Waves
AbbreviationOrthod. Waves
ISSN (print)1344-0241
ScopeOrthodontics

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