How to format your references using the Order citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Order. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, H.: Origin and evolution of vertebrates. Nature. 520, 449 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kahane, G., Shackel, N.: Do abnormal responses show utilitarian bias? Nature. 452, E5; author reply E5-6 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas, C.E.P., Mendonça, P.B., Rocha, A.R.: Optical spectrum of bottom-up graphene nanoribbons: towards efficient atom-thick excitonic solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6579 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawakubo, M., Ito, Y., Okimura, Y., Kobayashi, M., Sakura, K., Kasama, S., Fukuda, M.N., Fukuda, M., Katsuyama, T., Nakayama, J.: Natural antibiotic function of a human gastric mucin against Helicobacter pylori infection. Science. 305, 1003–1006 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wernecke, R.: Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2003)
An edited book
Xu, Z.: Surface Engineering of Polymer Membranes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Mayer, M.P.: Chaperones in the Morphogenesis of Viruses. In: Pockley, A.G., Calderwood, S.K., and Santoro, M.G. (eds.) Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Heat Shock Proteins in Infectious Disease. pp. 85–105. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Order.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Prince’s Death From Fentanyl Is Only The Tip Of The Global Overdose Iceberg,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highway Infrastructure: Interstate Physical Conditions Have Improved, but Congestion and Other Pressures Continue. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adaligil, E.: Electron transfer through self-assembled monolayers of alkaneselenols and alkanethiols on mercury electrode, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Welles, L., Leland, J.: Coney Island, Ever Changing, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrder
ISSN (print)0167-8094
ISSN (online)1572-9273
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Algebra and Number Theory
Geometry and Topology

Other styles