How to format your references using the Oral Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evarts EC (2015). Lithium batteries: To the limits of lithium. Nature 526: S93-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips P, Dalidovich D (2003). The elusive Bose metal. Science 302: 243–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paar J, Oldroyd BP, Kastberger G (2000). Giant honeybees return to their nest sites. Nature 406: 475.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Borges RS, Reddy ALM, Rodrigues M-TF, et al (2013). Supercapacitor operating at 200 degrees celsius. Sci Rep 3: 2572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari M, Ariff M, Mohamad S (2014). Sukuk Securities. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore.
An edited book
Rosales-Mendoza S (Ed.) (2014). Genetically Engineered Plants as a Source of Vaccines Against Wide Spread Diseases: An Integrated View. Springer: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu A, Yuan L, Wang J, Zhang T (2013). Performance Analysis of Interference Localization Based on Doppler Frequency Shift of a Single Satellite. In: Sun J, Jiao W, Wu H, Shi C, eds. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2013 Proceedings: BeiDou/GNSS Navigation Applications • Test & Assessment Technology • User Terminal Technology. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Diseases.

Blog post
Davis J (2016). Vets Call For Ban On Using Homeopathy To Treat Animals. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Tax Preparers: Oregon’s Regulatory Regime May Lead to Improved Federal Tax Return Accuracy and Provides a Possible Model for National Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing T (2010). Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love. Doctoral dissertation Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M (2017). Power Players Behind A Gooden Ceremony. New York Times: B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evarts, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips and Dalidovich, 2003; Evarts, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips and Dalidovich, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Borges et al, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Diseases
AbbreviationOral Dis.
ISSN (print)1354-523X
ISSN (online)1601-0825
General Dentistry

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