How to format your references using the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baker M (2010) Structural biology: Crystal-clear images. Nature 465:824–825
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kuwahara H, Gao X (2013) Stochastic effects as a force to increase the complexity of signaling networks. Sci Rep 3:2297
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pier H, Kapon E, Moser M (2000) Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature 407:880–883
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kojima H, Tokizawa R, Kogure K, et al (2014) Community structure of planktonic methane-oxidizing bacteria in a subtropical reservoir characterized by dominance of phylotype closely related to nitrite reducer. Sci Rep 4:5728

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morley D (2017) Communications and Mobility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Holz FG, Spaide RF (2005) Medical Retina. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brion M (2014) On Automorphisms and Endomorphisms of Projective Varieties. In: Cheltsov I, Ciliberto C, Flenner H, et al (eds) Automorphisms in Birational and Affine Geometry: Levico Terme, Italy, October 2012. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) Alcohol Is One Of The 5 Most Addictive Substances On The Planet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) Air Traffic Control: Impact of Revised Personnel Relocation Policies Is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hernandez M (2014) Successful emancipation of foster youth through the use of mentors: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Slotnik DE (2017) Bobby Taylor, Who Encouraged Jackson 5. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationOral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)1865-1550
ISSN (online)1865-1569
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery
Oral Surgery

Other styles