How to format your references using the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lavé J (2015) Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy. Nature 520:442–444
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch EM, Bar-Yam Y (2004) Theory predicts the uneven distribution of genetic diversity within species. Nature 431:449–452
A journal article with 3 authors
Lou X, Scheuss V, Schneggenburger R (2005) Allosteric modulation of the presynaptic Ca2+ sensor for vesicle fusion. Nature 435:497–501
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fennell T, Deen PP, Wildes AR, et al (2009) Magnetic Coulomb phase in the spin ice Ho2Ti2O7. Science 326:415–417

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel M, Kroeselberg D, Chindapol A, Premec D (2009) Deploying Mobile WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Brüntje D, Gajda O (2016) Crowdfunding in Europe: State of the Art in Theory and Practice, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Holden H, Øksendal B, Ubøe J, Zhang T (2010) Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Driven by Brownian White Noise. In: Øksendal B, Ubøe J, Zhang T (eds) Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp 159–212

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why Tomatoes are Fruits, and Strawberries Aren’t Berries. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby AE (2012) A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) ‘Everyone Wants to See Zara.’ New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationOral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)1865-1550
ISSN (online)1865-1569
Oral Surgery

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