How to format your references using the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelino-Camelia G (2007) Theoretical physics: walk the Planck. Nature 448:257
A journal article with 2 authors
Alcorn JF, Kolls JK (2015) Physiology. Killer fat. Science 347:26–27
A journal article with 3 authors
Bose HS, Lingappa VR, Miller WL (2002) Rapid regulation of steroidogenesis by mitochondrial protein import. Nature 417:87–91
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kenett DY, Ben-Jacob E, Stanley HE, Gur-Gershgoren G (2013) How high frequency trading affects a market index. Sci Rep 3:2110

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lev B, Gu F (2016) The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kreipke CW, Rafols JA (2013) Cerebral Blood Flow, Metabolism, and Head Trauma: The Pathotrajectory of Traumatic Brain Injury. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Chen W, Lu P, Sun X, et al (2011) Optimal Pricing in Social Networks with Incomplete Information. In: Chen N, Elkind E, Koutsoupias E (eds) Internet and Network Economics: 7th International Workshop, WINE 2011, Singapore, December 11-14, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Drone Captures Beautiful Footage Of Gray Whales Swimming With Dolphins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Children’s Issues: A Decade of GAO Reports and Recent Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alzaaq AY (2017) Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2016) Not Everyone Is a Football Fan. New York Times D10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationOral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)1865-1550
ISSN (online)1865-1569
Oral Surgery

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