How to format your references using the Optical Nanoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optical Nanoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yaalon DH (2000) Down to earth. Nature 407:301
A journal article with 2 authors
Han JS, Boeke JD (2004) A highly active synthetic mammalian retrotransposon. Nature 429:314–318
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen S, Zhou Z, Greenberg ME (2008) Medicine. Activating a repressor. Science 320:1172–1173
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Palmer TM, Stanton ML, Young TP, et al (2008) Breakdown of an ant-plant mutualism follows the loss of large herbivores from an African savanna. Science 319:192–195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorsey JR (2009) Y-Size Your Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mucherino A (2009) Data Mining in Agriculture. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhn A, Hirschmüller H, Mayer H (2013) Multi-Resolution Range Data Fusion for Multi-View Stereo Reconstruction. In: Weickert J, Hein M, Schiele B (eds) Pattern Recognition: 35th German Conference, GCPR 2013, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 3-6, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optical Nanoscopy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Deep Influence Of The A-Bomb On Anime And Manga. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/deep-influence-bomb-anime-and-manga/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Telecommunications: GSA Needs to Share and Prioritize Lessons Learned to Avoid Future Transition Delays. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Levy MR (2009) Visual perception and Gestalt grouping in the landscape: Are Gestalt grouping prinicples reliable indicators of visual preference? Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Catch of the Year So Far. No Ball Involved. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yaalon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Yaalon 2000; Han and Boeke 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Boeke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Palmer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleOptical Nanoscopy
AbbreviationOpt. Nanoscopy
ISSN (online)2192-2853
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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