How to format your references using the DEUQUA Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DEUQUA Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Press, F.: Earth science and society, Nature, 451, 301–303, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, M. J. and Beatson, S. A.: Epidemiology. Outsmarting outbreaks, Science, 338, 1161–1162, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, J.-E., Chen, J., and Lou, Z.: DBC1 is a negative regulator of SIRT1, Nature, 451, 583–586, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Whiten, A., McGrew, W. C., Aiello, L. C., Boesch, C., Boyd, R., Byrne, R. W., Dunbar, R. I. M., Matsuzawa, T., Silk, J. B., Tomasello, M., van Schaik, C. P., and Wrangham, R.: Studying extant species to model our past, Science, 327, 410; author reply 410-1, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piantadosi, S.: Clinical Trials: A Methodologic Perspective, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Belbachir, A. N. (Ed.): Smart Cameras, Springer US, Boston, MA, XX, 404 p pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Pachauri, R. K.: Climate Change and Agroforestry, in: Agroforestry - The Future of Global Land Use, edited by: Nair, P. K. R. and Garrity, D., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 13–15, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DEUQUA Special Publications.

Blog post
Don’t Ignore Other Indicators Of Alzheimer’s, Study Warns:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Responses to Questions for the Record: March 18, 2009, Hearing on ATC Modernization: Near-Term Achievable Goals, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahler, E. B.: Defining career success in the 21st century: A narrative study of intentional work role transitions, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: New Plan Approved for Kings Park Property, New York Times, 7th January, 14LI2, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Press, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Press, 2008; Walker and Beatson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Beatson, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Whiten et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDEUQUA Special Publications
ISSN (print)2625-8129
ISSN (online)2625-8137

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