How to format your references using the DEUQUA Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DEUQUA Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Hamilton, D. J.: Chemistry. Janus catalysts direct nanoparticle reactivity, Science, 327, 41–42, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelliher, T. and Walbot, V.: Hypoxia triggers meiotic fate acquisition in maize, Science, 337, 345–348, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori, M. X., Erickson, M. G., and Yue, D. T.: Functional stoichiometry and local enrichment of calmodulin interacting with Ca2+ channels, Science, 304, 432–435, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Xu, J., Gao, Q., Zhang, Y., Tan, Y., Tian, W., Zhu, L., and Jiang, L.: Preparing two-dimensional microporous carbon from Pistachio nutshell with high areal capacitance as supercapacitor materials, Sci. Rep., 4, 5545, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMaio, M. S., Fox, J. E., and Mahoney, M. J.: Prenatal Diagnosis: Cases & Clinical Challenges, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Panda, M., Dehuri, S., and Wang, G.-N. (Eds.): Social Networking: Mining, Visualization, and Security, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XXII, 297 p. 63 illus pp., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Dehmel, S., Koehler, S. D., and Shore, S. E.: Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus: Somatosensory–Auditory Interactions in Tinnitus, in: Tinnitus, edited by: Eggermont, J. J., Zeng, F.-G., Popper, A. N., and Fay, R. R., Springer, New York, NY, 97–119, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DEUQUA Special Publications.

Blog post
Stephen Hawking: Humans Only Have About 1,000 Years Left:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Training Can Be Enhanced by Greater Use of Leading Practices, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko, E. J.: Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M.: CNN Severs Its Ties With a Host After His Vulgar Criticism of Trump, New York Times, 9th June, B3, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole-Hamilton, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cole-Hamilton, 2010; Kelliher and Walbot, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelliher and Walbot, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDEUQUA Special Publications
ISSN (print)2625-8129
ISSN (online)2625-8137

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