How to format your references using the DEUQUA Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DEUQUA Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari, G.: Physics. Dynamics of a cold quantum gas, Science, 347, 127, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ben-Jacob, E. and Levine, H.: The artistry of nature, Nature, 409, 985–986, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., Hopwood, J., and Sonkusale, S.: Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma, Sci. Rep., 4, 5964, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Krimpenfort, P., Quon, K. C., Mooi, W. J., Loonstra, A., and Berns, A.: Loss of p16Ink4a confers susceptibility to metastatic melanoma in mice, Nature, 413, 83–86, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kossiakoff, A. and Sweet, W. N.: Systems Engineering Principles and Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
McGeoch, C. C. (Ed.): Experimental Algorithms: 7th International Workshop, WEA 2008 Provincetown, MA, USA, May 30-June 1, 2008 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, X, 363 p pp., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Silfwerbrand, J., Beushausen, H., and Courard, L.: Bond, in: Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS, edited by: Bissonnette, B., Courard, L., Fowler, D. W., and Granju, J.-L., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 51–79, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DEUQUA Special Publications.

Blog post
Scientists Claim They Are Close To Cloning A Mammoth:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Air Traffic Control: Computer Capacity Shortfalls May Impair Flight Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullett, D. L.: Lived Experience of Suffering through the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L.: Elizabeth Greig and Jason Extein, New York Times, 14th March, ST15, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferrari, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrari, 2015; Ben-Jacob and Levine, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ben-Jacob and Levine, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Krimpenfort et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDEUQUA Special Publications
ISSN (print)2625-8129
ISSN (online)2625-8137

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