How to format your references using the DEUQUA Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DEUQUA Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rona, P. A.: Geology. Resources of the sea floor, Science, 299(5607), 673–674, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bird, J. P. and Ochiai, Y.: Physics. Electron spin polarization in nanoscale constrictions, Science, 303(5664), 1621–1622, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hopkins, A. L., Witty, M. J. and Nwaka, S.: Mission possible, Nature, 449(7159), 166–169, 2007.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Fritz, J. H., Rojas, O. L., Simard, N., McCarthy, D. D., Hapfelmeier, S., Rubino, S., Robertson, S. J., Larijani, M., Gosselin, J., Ivanov, I. I., Martin, A., Casellas, R., Philpott, D. J., Girardin, S. E., McCoy, K. D., Macpherson, A. J., Paige, C. J. and Gommerman, J. L.: Acquisition of a multifunctional IgA+ plasma cell phenotype in the gut, Nature, 481(7380), 199–203, 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser, J. and Simkins, B. J.: Enterprise Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2009.
An edited book
Palesi, M. and Daneshtalab, M., Eds.: Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip, Springer, New York, NY., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemsley-Brown, J. and Oplatka, I.: Organisational Factors Influencing Higher Education Consumer Choice, in Higher Education Consumer Choice, edited by I. Oplatka, pp. 94–117, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DEUQUA Special Publications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Dolphins get high on pufferfish toxin, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Rail Safety and Security: Some Actions Already Taken to Enhance Rail Security, but Risk-based Plan Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer, M. A.: Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: The Call of the Wild, New York Times, 13th October, D1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rona, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bird and Ochiai, 2004; Rona, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bird and Ochiai, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Fritz et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleDEUQUA Special Publications
ISSN (print)2625-8129
ISSN (online)2625-8137

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