How to format your references using the Ophthalmologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Chiang Y-M. Materials science. Building a better battery. Science. 2010 Dec;330(6010):1485–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kabeche L, Compton DA. Cyclin A regulates kinetochore microtubules to promote faithful chromosome segregation. Nature. 2013 Oct;502(7469):110–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Collins FS, Wilder EL, Zerhouni E. Funding transdisciplinary research. NIH Roadmap/Common Fund at 10 years. Science. 2014 Jul;345(6194):274–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Ohkouchi N, Eglinton TI, Keigwin LD, Hayes JM. Spatial and temporal offsets between proxy records in a sediment drift. Science. 2002 Nov;298(5596):1224–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Schulze V. Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1
Hovers E, Kuhn SL, editors. Transitions Before the Transition: Evolution and Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Gebser M, Schaub T, Tompits H, Woltran S. Alternative Characterizations for Program Equivalence under Answer-Set Semantics Based on Unfounded Sets. In: Hartmann S, Kern-Isberner G, editors. Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 5th International Symposium, FoIKS 2008, Pisa, Italy, February 11-15, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 24–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmologica.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. The Science And Fiction Behind Blade Runner [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/science-and-fiction-behind-blade-runner/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. What Is the Role of Federal Assistance for Vocational Education? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Partma L. Media: Pretrial publicity and its effects. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Koblin J. Apple’s First Big TV Move: A Spielberg Series Reboot. New York Times. 2017 Oct;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmologica
AbbreviationOphthalmologica
ISSN (print)0030-3755
ISSN (online)1423-0267
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Sensory Systems

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