How to format your references using the Acta Botanica Gallica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Botanica Gallica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jewkes, Rachel. 2010. “HIV/AIDS. Gender Inequities Must Be Addressed in HIV Prevention.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5988): 145–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meehl, Gerald A., and Claudia Tebaldi. 2004. “More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5686): 994–997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tay, Yvonne, John Rinn, and Pier Paolo Pandolfi. 2014. “The Multilayered Complexity of CeRNA Crosstalk and Competition.” Nature 505 (7483): 344–352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shi, Mang, Xian-Dan Lin, Xiao Chen, Jun-Hua Tian, Liang-Jun Chen, Kun Li, Wen Wang, et al. 2018. “The Evolutionary History of Vertebrate RNA Viruses.” Nature 556 (7700): 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer, Marcel. 2013. Electric Drives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ramsay, James. 2009. Functional Data Analysis with R and MATLAB. Edited by Giles Hooker and Spencer Graves. Use R. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, Hyung Joon, Youngkyun Lee, and Hong-Hee Kim. 2013. “Intracellular Calcium Signaling for Osteoclast Differentiation.” In Osteoimmunology: Interactions of the Immune and Skeletal Systems, edited by Yongwon Choi, 23–30. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Botanica Gallica.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “What Would The USA Look Like If All The Ice On Earth Melted?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Measuring Progress and Addressing Potential Privacy Concerns Would Facilitate Integration into the National Airspace System [Reissued on September 18, 2012]. GAO-12-981. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orbinati, Albert G. 2015. “Spirituality and Learning: An Exploration into the Understanding of Spirituality in Adult Education.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Spencer, Hawes, and Ben Sisario. 2016. “$3 Million Award in Rolling Stone Case.” New York Times, November 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jewkes 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jewkes 2010; Meehl and Tebaldi 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meehl and Tebaldi 2004)
  • Three authors: (Tay, Rinn, and Pandolfi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shi et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Botanica Gallica
AbbreviationActa Bot. Gallica
ISSN (print)1253-8078
ISSN (online)2166-3408
ScopePlant Science

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