How to format your references using the Acta Botanica Gallica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Botanica Gallica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schimmel, Paul. 2015. “Alexander Rich (1924-2015).” Nature 521 (7552): 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartley, R. R., and R. P. Behringer. 2003. “Logarithmic Rate Dependence of Force Networks in Sheared Granular Materials.” Nature 421 (6926): 928–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, Timothy E. J., Laurence T. Hunt, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth. 2009. “The Computation of Social Behavior.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5931): 1160–1164.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huber, Tara L., Valerie Kouskoff, H. Joerg Fehling, James Palis, and Gordon Keller. 2004. “Haemangioblast Commitment Is Initiated in the Primitive Streak of the Mouse Embryo.” Nature 432 (7017): 625–630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, Tino, Stefan Bornholdt, Michael Groß, Melanie Mitchell, and Thomas Pellizzari. 2005. Non-Standard Computation. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Karge, Hellmut G., and Jens Weitkamp, eds. 2008. Adsorption and Diffusion. Vol. 7. Molecular Sieves. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukumasu, Heidge, Miguel Henrique Santana, Pamela Almeida Alexandre, and José Bento Sterman Ferraz. 2016. “Systems Biology Application in Feed Efficiency in Beef Cattle.” In Systems Biology in Animal Production and Health, Vol. 2, edited by Haja N. Kadarmideen, 79–95. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Botanica Gallica.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Particle Physics Discovery Raises Hope For A Theory Of Everything.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning. GAO-09-902T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, Angela C. 2009. “Analysis of the California Mental Health Services Act.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mele, Christopher. 2017. “Firearms and Drivers, A Lethal Combination.” New York Times, April 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schimmel 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schimmel 2015; Hartley and Behringer 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartley and Behringer 2003)
  • Three authors: (Behrens, Hunt, and Rushworth 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Huber et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Botanica Gallica
AbbreviationActa Bot. Gallica
ISSN (print)1253-8078
ISSN (online)2166-3408
ScopePlant Science

Other styles