How to format your references using the Open Heart citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Heart. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Hennecke U. Chemistry. Revealing the positive side of fluorine. Science 2013;340:41–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Blázquez MA, Weigel D. Integration of floral inductive signals in Arabidopsis. Nature 2000;404:889–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Cram DS, Song B, Trounson AO. Genotyping of Rhesus SCNT pluripotent stem cell lines. Nature 2007;450:E12-4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Wang X, Rodrigues T, Jiang S, et al. An Early Cretaceous pterosaur with an unusual mandibular crest from China and a potential novel feeding strategy. Sci Rep 2014;4:6329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Cicek V. Corrosion Engineering and Cathodic Protection Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2017.
An edited book
1
Fan Y, Fisher G, editors. Solar Flare Magnetic Fields and Plasmas. New York, NY: : Springer US 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Canali S, Corbellini G. Clinical, Epidemiological, and Genetic Investigations on Thalassemia and Malaria in Italy. In: Arese P, ed. Malaria: Genetic and Evolutionary Aspects. Boston, MA: : Springer US 2006. 55–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Heart.

Blog post
1
Taub B. Chimps Feel Decidedly “Meh’ Towards Others. IFLScience. 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Data on the Office of Education’s Use of Funds for Conferences, Seminars, and Training Sessions, and Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations in Lieu of Federal Employees. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
McCallum-Bonar C. Black Ashkenaz And the Almost Promised Land: Yiddish Literature and the Harlem Renaissance. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Billard M. A Big Push To Get Going. New York Times. 2012;:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Heart
AbbreviationOpen Heart
ISSN (online)2053-3624
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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