How to format your references using the Open Heart citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Heart. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Brockhurst MA. Evolution. Sex, death, and the Red Queen. Science 2011;333:166–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Ito T, Okazaki S. Pushing the limits of lithography. Nature 2000;406:1027–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Chen R-P, Chew K-H, He S. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci Rep 2013;3:1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Walter KM, Zimov SA, Chanton JP, et al. Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming. Nature 2006;443:71–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Wartewig S. IR and Raman Spectroscopy. Weinheim, FRG: : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2005.
An edited book
1
Tatnall A, Blyth T, Johnson R, editors. Making the History of Computing Relevant: IFIP WG 9.7 International Conference, HC 2013, London, UK, June 17-18, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Leburn CG, Reid DT. Advances in Solid-State Ultrafast Laser Oscillators. In: Thomson R, Leburn C, Reid D, eds. Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics. Heidelberg: : Springer International Publishing 2013. 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Heart.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. Microsoft Is Trying To ‘Solve’ Cancer. IFLScience. 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Cuomo AP. SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Bernstein J, Spielberg B. Medicaid Work Rules Won’t Work. New York Times. 2017;:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Heart
AbbreviationOpen Heart
ISSN (online)2053-3624
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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