How to format your references using the Open Economies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Economies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel RP (2000) PLANETARY SCIENCE: Asteroids Come of Age. Science 289:2065–2066
A journal article with 2 authors
Waters MR, Stafford TW Jr (2007) Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas. Science 315:1122–1126
A journal article with 3 authors
Bottke WF, Vokrouhlický D, Nesvorný D (2007) An asteroid breakup 160 Myr ago as the probable source of the K/T impactor. Nature 449:48–53
A journal article with 5 or more authors
De Joussineau C, Soulé J, Martin M, et al (2003) Delta-promoted filopodia mediate long-range lateral inhibition in Drosophila. Nature 426:555–559

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman K, Nogales XED (2015) Impact Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fütterer DK, Damaske D, Kleinschmidt G, et al (eds) (2006) Antarctica: Contributions to Global Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lu C, Mai Y-W, Shen Y-G (2007) The Origin of Superhardness in Nanocomposite Coatings: Analysis of Nanoindentation and Scratch Tests. In: Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG (eds) IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 39–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Economies Review.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Palm Oil Might Not Kill You, But It Is Killing The Environment. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airport Financing: Smaller Airports Face Future Funding Shortfalls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa KL (2012) Soul Seeking: A Crossing. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman S (2016) The Big Try-On. New York Times F4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binzel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Binzel 2000; Waters and Stafford 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waters and Stafford 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (De Joussineau et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Economies Review
AbbreviationOpen Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0923-7992
ISSN (online)1573-708X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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