How to format your references using the Open Economies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Economies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelton JD (2011) HIV/AIDS. ARVs as HIV prevention: a tough road to wide impact. Science 334:1645–1646
A journal article with 2 authors
Brazeau MD, Friedman M (2015) The origin and early phylogenetic history of jawed vertebrates. Nature 520:490–497
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhurov V, Terzin T, Grbić M (2004) Early blastomere determines embryo proliferation and caste fate in a polyembryonic wasp. Nature 432:764–769
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dial OE, Ashoori RC, Pfeiffer LN, West KW (2007) High-resolution spectroscopy of two-dimensional electron systems. Nature 448:176–179

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway J (2009) Becoming a Category of One. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Müller M (ed) (2016) Clinical Pharmacology: Current Topics and Case Studies, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Aucher G, Herzig A (2011) Exploring the Power of Converse Events. In: Girard P, Roy O, Marion M (eds) Dynamic Formal Epistemology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Economies Review.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Researchers Are Developing A Vaccine For Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Early Childhood Programs: Many Poor Children and Strained Resources Challenge Head Start. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hartley DL (2010) Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) Little Rock Hopes Clinton Presidency Will Put Its Dogpatch Image to Rest. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shelton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Shelton 2011; Brazeau and Friedman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brazeau and Friedman 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Dial et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Economies Review
AbbreviationOpen Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0923-7992
ISSN (online)1573-708X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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