How to format your references using the Open Economies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Economies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heemels M-T (2010) Ageing. Nature 464:503
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver RA, Kanichay RT (2008) Neuroscience. Refreshing connections. Science 320:183–184
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez P, Jacobson AG, Jefferies RPS (2002) Paired gill slits in a fossil with a calcite skeleton. Nature 417:841–844
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Diu T, Faruqui N, Sjöström T, et al (2014) Cicada-inspired cell-instructive nanopatterned arrays. Sci Rep 4:7122

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms (2011) Engineering Solutions for Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chen L, Matsuo S (eds) (2015) Security Standardisation Research: Second International Conference, SSR 2015, Tokyo, Japan, December 15-16, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kaplan S (2011) Starting from Scratch: Creating Dynamic Characters. In: Dowdy JK, Kaplan S (eds) Teaching Drama in the Classroom: A Toolbox for Teachers. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 15–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Economies Review.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Drugs for Depression and Heart Disease Find a New Calling: Fighting Ebola. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Strategic Airlift: Further Efforts Can Be Taken to Extend Aircraft Service Life. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefanek A (2019) Quantitative Purchasing Structure for Ferrous Scrap. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard A, Hubbard B, Fisher I (2017) As Atrocities Mount in Syria, Justice Seems Out of Reach. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heemels 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Silver and Kanichay 2008; Heemels 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silver and Kanichay 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Diu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Economies Review
AbbreviationOpen Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0923-7992
ISSN (online)1573-708X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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