How to format your references using the Open Economies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Economies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goroff NS (2014) Chemistry.A clear path for polymer crystallization. Science 343:258–259
A journal article with 2 authors
Haussecker D, Kay MA (2015) RNA interference. Drugging RNAi. Science 347:1069–1070
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalifoux WA, Reznik SK, Leighton JL (2012) Direct and highly regioselective and enantioselective allylation of β-diketones. Nature 487:86–89
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim A, Im M, Yim N-H, Ma JY (2014) Reduction of metastatic and angiogenic potency of malignant cancer by Eupatorium fortunei via suppression of MMP-9 activity and VEGF production. Sci Rep 4:6994

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin G (2011) Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Burton B (2015) Acting to Manage Conflict and Bullying Through Evidence-Based Strategies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Shapiro S (2011) Foundations: Structures, Sets, and Categories. In: Sommaruga G (ed) Foundational Theories of Classical and Constructive Mathematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 97–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Economies Review.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Treasure Trove Of Dinosaur Fossils Found In Antarctica. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Impoundments: Proposed Rescissions of Justice, Transportation, and NASA Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber C (2013) Exercise for older adults with dementia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016) Your Dog Remembers More Than You Think. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goroff 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Goroff 2014; Haussecker and Kay 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haussecker and Kay 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Economies Review
AbbreviationOpen Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0923-7992
ISSN (online)1573-708X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles