How to format your references using the Open Economies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Economies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D (2002) Manchester merger set to proceed as southerners go solo. Nature 420:350
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer J, Prenzel M (2012) Science education. European teacher training reforms. Science 336:1642–1643
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooks CL 3rd, Onuchic JN, Wales DJ (2001) Statistical thermodynamics. Taking a walk on a landscape. Science 293:612–613
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gidalevitz T, Ben-Zvi A, Ho KH, et al (2006) Progressive disruption of cellular protein folding in models of polyglutamine diseases. Science 311:1471–1474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman AB (2017) Rogues of Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rodrigues M (2015) Advanced Applications of Natural Language Processing for Performing Information Extraction. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gkirtzou K, Deux J-F, Bassez G, et al (2013) Sparse Classification with MRI Based Markers for Neuromuscular Disease Categorization. In: Wu G, Zhang D, Shen D, et al. (eds) Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 4th International Workshop, MLMI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Economies Review.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) A 30-Tonne Meteorite Has Been Discovered In Argentina. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz ES (2013) Some novel phenomena at high density. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Injuries and Ineffectiveness Lead the Mets to ‘Reorganize and Restructure.’ New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Bauer and Prenzel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauer and Prenzel 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gidalevitz et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Economies Review
AbbreviationOpen Econ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0923-7992
ISSN (online)1573-708X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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