How to format your references using the Oncology Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Key words. Nature. 2004;431(7010):879.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Langer R, Tirrell DA. Designing materials for biology and medicine. Nature. 2004;428(6982):487-492.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee J-Y, Tang CY, Huo F. Fabrication of porous matrix membrane (PMM) using metal-organic framework as green template for water treatment. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3740.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mendes R, Kruijt M, de Bruijn I, et al. Deciphering the rhizosphere microbiome for disease-suppressive bacteria. Science. 2011;332(6033):1097-1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lieberman NP. Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Kole C, ed. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Plantation and Ornamental Crops. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kana‘iaupuni SM, Else I. Ola Ka Inoa (The Name Lives). In: Martini MI, ed. Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. International and Cultural Psychology Series. Springer US; 2005:109-131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Signaling.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Live Webcast of Tonight’s ‘Super Harvest Moon.’ IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroad Regulation: Surface Transportation Board’s Oversight Could Benefit From Evidence Better Identifying How Mergers Affect Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crowley CJ. A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Yablonsky L. Logos à Go-Go. New York Times. September 18, 2011:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Signaling
ISSN (print)2542-5633
Scope

Other styles