How to format your references using the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mayo MJ. Video games: a route to large-scale STEM education? Science 2009; 323: 79–82.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Duan H, Sun C. Swarm intelligence inspired shills and the evolution of cooperation. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5210.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oliveira RF, Carneiro LA, Canário AVM. Behavioural endocrinology: no hormonal response in tied fights. Nature 2005; 437: 207–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bhattacharyya RP, Reményi A, Good MC, et al. The Ste5 scaffold allosterically modulates signaling output of the yeast mating pathway. Science 2006; 311: 822–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Oden JT. An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1.
Gomes J. From Fourier Analysis to Wavelets. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Li X, Xu X-H, Zou F, et al. A PTAS for Node-Weighted Steiner Tree in Unit Disk Graphs. In: Du D-Z, Hu X, Pardalos PM (eds) Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: Third International Conference, COCOA 2009, Huangshan, China, June 10-12, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Robot Learns To Cook Watching YouTube Videos. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Should Limit Future Funding for Behavior Detection Activities. GAO-14-159, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 8 November 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mcfarlane N. Information power efficiency tradeoffs in mixed signal CMOS circuits. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Eddy M, Kanter J. Backlash Over Remarks by German E.U. Official. New York Times, 31 October 2016, p. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Cardiovasc. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1474-5151
ISSN (online)1873-1953
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Advanced and Specialised Nursing
Medical–Surgical

Other styles