How to format your references using the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hynes RO. Structural biology. Changing partners. Science 2003; 300: 755–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Koch C, Crick F. The zombie within. Nature 2001; 411: 893.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang TT, Parides MK, Palese P. Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science 2012; 335: 1463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Chin AI, Dempsey PW, Bruhn K, et al. Involvement of receptor-interacting protein 2 in innate and adaptive immune responses. Nature 2002; 416: 190–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bill Huitt WM. Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
1.
Balcázar JL, Long PM, Stephan F (eds). Algorithmic Learning Theory: 17th International Conference, ALT 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Aucher G, Herzig A. Exploring the Power of Converse Events. In: Girard P, Roy O, Marion M (eds) Dynamic Formal Epistemology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, pp. 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Half of Europe’s Electricity Could be Renewable by 2030. IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/environment/half-europes-electricity-could-be-renewable-2030/ (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Potential Effects of Raising Statutory Audit Threshold. HEHS-97-111R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 20 May 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lamb BK. A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions at a Roundabout and a Signalized Intersection in a Mid-Sized City. Doctoral Dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Luongo MT. Beyond Technology: Hotels Train Workers in Personal Touch. New York Times, 10 July 2017, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Cardiovasc. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1474-5151
ISSN (online)1873-1953
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Advanced and Specialised Nursing
Medical–Surgical

Other styles