How to format your references using the Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dainton M: Palaeoanthropology: Did our ancestors knuckle-walk? Nature 410: 324–5; disussion 326, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vermeij GJ and Roopnarine PD: Ecology. The coming Arctic invasion. Science 321: 780–781, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley AM, Michalet X and Weiss S: Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science 292: 1671–1672, 2001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Knipscheer P, Räschle M, Smogorzewska A, et al.: The Fanconi anemia pathway promotes replication-dependent DNA interstrand cross-link repair. Science 326: 1698–1701, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg S: Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Faigel DO and Kochman ML: Endoscopic Oncology: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Cancer Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Kennard L: On the Hopf Conjecture with Symmetry. In: Geometry of Manifolds with Non-negative Sectional Curvature: Editors: Rafael Herrera, Luis Hernández-Lamoneda. Galaz-García F, Kennard L, Searle C, Weingart G and Ziller W (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp111–116, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E: How Will The Barrier Reef Recover From The Death Of One-Third Of Its Northern Corals? IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Post-Implementation Review. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fengler K: Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T: In an Uber World, Fortune Favors the Freelancer. New York Times: BU6, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Reports
AbbreviationOncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1021-335X
ISSN (online)1791-2431
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles