How to format your references using the Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott NL: Applied physics. Colloid science collides with liquid crystals. Science 342: 1326–1327, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eichelkraut T and Szameit A: Photonics: Random sudoku light. Nature 526: 643–644, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simiyu K, Daar AS and Singer PA: Global health. Stagnant health technologies in Africa. Science 330: 1483–1484, 2010.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hong W, Liang F, Schaak D, Loncar M and Quan Q: Nanoscale label-free bioprobes to detect intracellular proteins in single living cells. Sci Rep 4: 6179, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller MB: Mathematics and Statistics for Financial Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Zaraté P, Kersten GE and Hernández JE: Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Affronti A, Orlando A and Cottone M: Course of Crohn’s Disease. In: Crohn’s Disease: Radiological Features and Clinical-Surgical Correlations. Lo Re G and Midiri M (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp31–42, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Fang J: Earliest Eskimos Mysteriously Vanished 700 Years Ago. IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Automation: Internal Control Weaknesses in Customs’ Revenue Collection Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldanaf RG: Angry Cherub., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B: Oh, the Faults in Their Stars. New York Times: C2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Reports
AbbreviationOncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1021-335X
ISSN (online)1791-2431
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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