How to format your references using the Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown A: Obituary: John Templeton (1912-2008). Nature 454: 290, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrahamsen H and Stenmark H: Cell biology. Growth signaling from inside. Science 334: 611–612, 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier M, Crawford JD and Tweed DB: Optimal transsaccadic integration explains distorted spatial perception. Nature 422: 76–80, 2003.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dausmann KH, Glos J, Ganzhorn JU and Heldmaier G: Physiology: hibernation in a tropical primate. Nature 429: 825–826, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavé A: Modeling Living Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Scott-Conner CEH: Chassin’s Operative Strategy in Esophageal Surgery. Springer, New York, NY, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Gairing M, Lücking T, Monien B and Tiemann K: Nash Equilibria, the Price of Anarchy and the Fully Mixed Nash Equilibrium Conjecture. In: Automata, Languages and Programming: 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005, Lisbon, Portugal, July 11-15, 2005. Proceedings. Caires L, Italiano GF, Monteiro L, Palamidessi C and Yung M (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp51–65, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Fang J: Climate Pressures Favor Seal Moms With Higher Genetic Variation. IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Public Transportation: Preliminary Information on FTA’s Implementation of SAFETEA-LU Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darvish H: Smart Power Grid Synchronization with Nonlinear Estimation., 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K: THE WAY WE LIVE: 11-23-08: Becoming Screen Literate. New York Times: MM48, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Reports
AbbreviationOncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1021-335X
ISSN (online)1791-2431
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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