How to format your references using the Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis R: Driving back diabetes. Nature 430: 1064–1065, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vanag VK and Epstein IR: Inwardly rotating spiral waves in a reaction-diffusion system. Science 294: 835–837, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Durniak KJ, Bailey S and Steitz TA: The structure of a transcribing T7 RNA polymerase in transition from initiation to elongation. Science 322: 553–557, 2008.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shirey SB, Harris JW, Richardson SH, et al.: Diamond genesis, seismic structure, and evolution of the Kaapvaal-Zimbabwe craton. Science 297: 1683–1686, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed J and Hakonen H: Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Brody H, Meghani Z and Greenwald K: Michael Ryan’s Writings on Medical Ethics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Bangerter E: A Cryptographic Framework for the Controlled Release of Certified Data (Transcript of Discussion). In: Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers. Christianson B, Crispo B, Malcolm JA and Roe M (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp43–50, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E: Teenage Girl Had To Stay Awake For Four Days After Parasite Started Eating Her Eyeball. IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highway Trust Fund Obligations, Fiscal Years 2009 to 2011. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad AB: Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K: A Slice of Virtue. New York Times: NJ10, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Reports
AbbreviationOncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1021-335X
ISSN (online)1791-2431
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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