How to format your references using the The Plant Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Plant Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sime, L.C. (2014). Climate. Greenland deglaciation puzzles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345, 1116–1117
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Higgins, P., & Elton, S. (2007). Anthropology. Walking on trees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316, 1292–1294
A journal article with 3 authors
Dale, V.H., Crisafulli, C.M., & Swanson, F.J. (2005). Ecology. 25 years of ecological change at Mount St. Helens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 961–962
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zong, Y., Chen, Z., Innes, J.B., Chen, C., Wang, Z., & Wang, H. (2007). Fire and flood management of coastal swamp enabled first rice paddy cultivation in east China. Nature, 449, 459–462

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, J.R. (2013). Detecting Fraud in Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhao, X. (2015). Enterprise Risk Management in International Construction Operations. In B.-G. Hwang & S.P. Low (Eds.), Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Lanning, K., Montgomery, S.A., Bright, J., Broming, L., Hudelson, M., Pauletti, R.E., Rosenzweig, G., & Starkings, R. (2010). Lives Through Film: 49 UP and the UP Series as a Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Change. In M.B. Gregerson (Ed.), The Cinematic Mirror for Psychology and Life Coaching (pp. 77–88). Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Plant Genome.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). Blue Origin Reveals New Glenn Rocket That Will Take Humans Into Orbit. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, L.M. (2014). A mentoring program for foster youth transitioning into adulthood: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017). Fox Show Is Trump’s Two-Way Mirror. New York Times, C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sime, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (O’Higgins & Elton, 2007; Sime, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Higgins & Elton, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zong et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Plant Genome
AbbreviationPlant Genome
ISSN (online)1940-3372
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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