How to format your references using the The Plant Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Plant Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, T.L. 2001. The search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Nature 409:1110–1114
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomkins, J.L., and G.S. Brown. 2004. Population density drives the local evolution of a threshold dimorphism. Nature 431:1099–1103
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., J. Zhu, and H. Ye. 2004. Comment on “Tubular graphite cones”. Science 303:766; author reply 766
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, L., Y. Zhang, B. Zhang, and J. Liu. 2014. Enhanced antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles/halloysite nanotubes/graphene nanocomposites with sandwich-like structure. Sci. Rep. 4:4551

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves, R. 2009. Joomla!® Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Alston, J.M. 2010. Persistence Pays: U.S. Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Benefits from Public R&D Spending. M.A. Andersen, J.S. James, and P.G. Pardey, ed. Natural Resource Management and Policy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Garima Yadav, Saurabh Maheshwari, and Anjali Agarwal. 2016. Multi-domain Image Enhancement of Foggy Images Using Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization Method. N. Afzalpulkar, V. Srivastava, G. Singh, and D. Bhatnagar, ed. Springer India, New Delhi.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Plant Genome.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. This Blue or Green Spectrum Illusion Depends On How Your Brain Perceives Color. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urquidi, A.J. 2015. Condolences to all of you: Late eulogies of a half-complacent birthday boy. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., and M.W. Walsh. 2010. MOUNTING DEBTS BY STATES STOKE FEARS OF CRISIS. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson, 2001; Tomkins and Brown, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomkins and Brown, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Plant Genome
AbbreviationPlant Genome
ISSN (online)1940-3372
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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